Researchers explored whether intolerance has risen more in some countries than others, whether it has risen more against particular groups, if such attitudes are particularly prevalent among subgroups of the population and if there are clear patterns of association with trends in wider political, social, economic and cultural factors.
The perception that intolerance is rising in Western Europe is widely shared. Researchers sought empirical evidence of high-level trends in intolerant attitudes and found strong evidence of association between intolerant attitudes and various economic, demographic, socio-political and cultural factors.
We assess whether black-white disparities in commitments to prison or diversions to treatment for drug offenders in California can be explained by differences in the characteristics of criminal cases and whether case characteristics are weighed differently by race.
Racial disparities in late-life cognition persist even after accounting for educational attainment. We examined whether early-life educational quality and literacy in later life help explain these disparities.
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual women and men in England are more likely to suffer from poor health than the general population and are more likely to report unfavorable experiences with the health care they received in general practices. They are also two to three times more likely to report having a longstanding psychological or emotional problem than their heterosexual counterparts.
Coast Guard leaders will benefit from specific training and guidance to bring out the best on a daily basis from work groups consisting of men and women of different ethnic, racial, and functional backgrounds.
Racially/ethnically diverse preadolescent children share many of the same risk factors for smoking that have been found in studies of older children. Therefore, antismoking policies and programs might be more effective if designed for preadolescents as well as adolescents.
Investigating if the racial/ethnic composition of Medicare Advantage plans reflect the composition of their areas of operation revealed little evidence that health plans are selectively underenrolling blacks, Latinos, or Asians to a substantial degree.
Under-resourced communities of color have limited access to programs that could improve recognition and treatment of depression. RAND and UCLA investigators applied an engagement model to determine how to better serve these communities.
An autonomous Kurdish region that remains an integral part of Syria, even one dominated by the PYD (the Democratic Union, the largest and best organized Kurdish opposition party), would be far less dangerous than one dominated by forces affiliated with al Qaeda. And that should be welcome news to more than just Turkey.
The United States should not be too quick to write off Iraq based on recent violent trends, says Jason Campbell. After all, if there is anything that should be remembered from years past it's that the Iraqi populace can endure astonishing levels of violence and still maintain confidence in the survival of the state.
We examined differences in the use of mental health services, conditional on the presence of psychiatric disorders, across Mexico's population with different US migration exposure and in successive generations of Mexican Americans in the US.
A year ago, the United States and Myanmar (Burma) did not even have ambassadors in each other's capitals. In May, President Thein Sein became the first leader from Myanmar to visit the White House in nearly a half-century. Has Obama's administration been too quick to embrace what was one of the world's most repressive regimes?
If Alawites and Sunnis living abroad can stand united against the Assad regime, so can their counterparts inside Syria. By setting an example of coexistence, they can mitigate the fears of Alawites in Syria that deserting Assad would facilitate the rise of an anti-Alawite Sunni regime.
An examination of the contribution of perceived racial/ethnic discrimination to disparities in problem behaviors found that eliminating discrimination could considerably reduce mental health issues, including problem behaviors, among Black and Latino youths.
The U.S. prison population grew nearly fivefold between 1980 and 2009, at least partially due to the “War on Drugs.” Racial disparities in criminal justice referrals to drug treatment potentially affect access to treatment for hundreds of thousands of individuals arrested for drug offenses each year.
Non-Persian ethnic minorities make up roughly 40 to 50 percent of Iran's population. Marginalized from society, they may choose a path of political apathy. On the other hand, Tehran's refusal to acknowledge minority rights may lead to future ethnic insurgencies and uprisings.