Inmates disproportionately suffer from a variety of health conditions, compared with the general population. Some in-custody deaths are inevitable; for example, elderly inmates may die of old age. But certain types of death are highly preventable.
The results of this paper show a strong empirical relevance of subjective survival curves, indicating the importance to take into consideration of this dimension of individual heterogeneity in life cycle models.
This report studies the military medical literature and recent historical cases to explore the relationships between rescuability and time during medical evacuations and other personnel recovery missions.
Cataract-blind Ethiopian villagers who did not receive cataract surgery had significantly higher mortality risk than villagers who were blind from other causes, particularly if they were over 75 years old or were unmarried.
This study suggests that the association between process-based measures of care quality and mortality in veterans with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders could be used to improve performance and reduce mortality in this population.
This large-scale study compares the long-term health outcomes and mortality risks among veteran and non-veteran participants of the Women's Health Initiative, a set of studies that looks for health risk associations in postmenopausal women.
An innovative program that requires alcohol-involved offenders to abstain from alcohol and submit to frequent tests was associated with a 4 percent drop in mortality. The associations were most evident among causes of death related to excessive alcohol use, such as circulatory conditions.
An innovative program that requires alcohol-involved offenders to abstain from alcohol and submit to frequent tests was associated with a 4 percent drop in deaths. The associations were most evident among causes of death related to excessive alcohol use, such as circulatory conditions.
Multidisciplinary tumor board meetings are common in cancer care, but limited evidence is available about their benefits. We assessed the associations of tumor board participation and structure with care delivery and patient outcomes.
This paper aimed to estimate the effect of tobacco taxes on total mortality and cause-specific mortality in the 50 States plus the District of Columbia, USA, over the period 1970–2005 as well as the net effect on deaths averted in 2010.
CT lung cancer screening turns out to be like many new medical technologies: It improves health but is quite expensive. Moreover, it needs implementation that targets those most likely to benefit and provides them the care they need efficiently.
CT screening reduced death from lung cancer by 20% during a 6 year trial among heavy smokers age 50-74; the cost was about $81,000/QALY gained. If screening is extended to not-so-heavy smokers, its value falls dramatically, and radiation risks may outweigh screening gains.