Do not resuscitate (DNR) orders are increasingly common, though there has been little evaluation of their changing use. The authors contrasted the use and outcomes of DNR orders for nationally representative samples of Medicare patients hospitalized with specific diagnoses in 1981 to 1982 and 1985 to 1986.
This article examines the hospital and patient characteristics associated with variation in 28-day mortality rates for very low birth weight infants in 62 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) participating in the Vermont Oxford Network Database.
Determine if body mass Index (BMI = weight [kg]/height [m]2), predictive of mortality in longitudinal epidemiologic studies, was also predictive of mortality in a sample of seriously ill hospitalized subjects.
For patients hospitalized with serious illnesses, we identified factors associated with a stated preference to forgo cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), examined physician-patient communication about these issues, and determined the relationship of patients' preferences to intensity of care and survival.
This article uses data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine the extent to which three key factors -- financial well-being, living arrangements, and marital history -- account for this relationship.
The authors present a summary of the recently developed SUPPORT model (Study to Understand Prognoses and Preferences for Outcomes and Risks of Treatment) for estimating survival time of seriously ill adult inpatients and illustrate the possible clinical use of such a model.