National Security and Terrorism

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RAND conducts a broad array of national security research for the U.S. Department of Defense and allied ministries of defense. Our federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) explore threat assessment, military acquisition, technology, recruitment and personnel management, counterinsurgency, intelligence, and readiness. RAND is a world leader in terrorism research. Studies address such topics as terrorism financing and strategies to undermine violent extremism.

  • Report

    AUKUS Collaboration on Responsible Military AI

    Collaborating with allies and partners is important to the advancement of military artificial intelligence. What are the challenges that could inhibit or prevent the co-development of AI between Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States (AUKUS) as they face rising threats from China?

    Feb 6, 2024

  • Essay

    How Gender Diversity Improves Defense Operations

    It's U.S. defense policy to make sure women play a meaningful role in matters of war, peace, and security. This includes embedding women's perspectives in decisionmaking. Real-world examples show the benefits of applying a gender lens to military planning and operations.

    Jan 9, 2024

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  • A welder works on a Cougar H 4 X 4 MRAP vehicle at the factory in Ladson, S.C.

    Commentary

    Reform the Budget Process to Strengthen U.S. Global Leadership

    As the U.S. government confronts two near-peer challengers in China and Russia, along with mounting conflict in the Middle East, ensuring stability, predictability, and some measure of flexibility in the U.S. defense budget is more important than ever. Yet the U.S. budgeting system is in a state of disarray.

    Feb 7, 2024

  • Unrecognizable person taking toxic samples, photo by SrdjanPav/Getty Images

    Report

    Attributing Biological Weapons Use

    Why is attribution of biological weapons use so important? And how can the U.S. Department of Defense better support investigations into deliberate biological incidents?

    Feb 6, 2024

  • A Royal Air Force A330 Voyager taxis past the air traffic control tower as it prepares to take off in Mildenhall, England, May 20, 2021, photo by Karen Abeyasekere/U.S. Air Force

    Commentary

    Public Finance Initiative Problems? The Challenges of Long-Term Defence Acquisition in a Rapidly Changing World

    Future-proofing defense equipment acquisition remains a perplexing and wicked problem for policymakers, but one that merits ever greater attention. Acquisition decisionmakers would benefit from greater use of robust decisionmaking tools and methods to help them identify options that could increase the UK's operational (and financial) resilience for multiple different futures.

    Feb 6, 2024

  • Tool

    Tool

    An Accession Benchmarking Tool for the U.S. Department of the Air Force

    This guide provides instructions for use of a tool for benchmarking diversity at the time of accession for active duty accession sources. The tool gives decisionmakers the ability to continue to benchmark accessions and explore eligibility scenarios.

    Feb 5, 2024

  • The deck of the USS Donald Cook

    Journal Article

    A Security Strategy for the Black Sea

    This report outlines the strategic setting, regional challenges and threats, key planning assumptions, risk and risk mitigation, and finally DIME-based recommendations for enhancing security and stability in the Black Sea region.

    Feb 5, 2024

  • Soldiers from the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force during a United Nations peacekeeping mission

    Journal Article

    The Future of Multilateral Peacebuilding and Conflict Prevention

    The multilateral system, defined as the set of rules, norms, and institutions that together constitute the world's governance architecture, is not static. Several drivers of change threaten to erode hard-earned gains the system has delivered.

    Feb 5, 2024

  • Multimedia

    Multimedia

    What Americans Think About Veterans—and Why It Matters

    The RAND Epstein Family Veterans Policy Research Institute shared results from a recent survey on how U.S. adults view veterans. Experts discussed the role of public perceptions in policies to support veterans and promote national security.

    Feb 2, 2024

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    PLA Social Media Warfare and the Cognitive Domain

    The article explores how the Chinese military has come to recognize the important role of social media in modern conflict and peacetime operations through its discussions of "social media warfare."

    Feb 2, 2024

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Powering the PLA Abroad: How the Chinese Military Might Fuel Its Overseas Presence

    This article explores Chinese military thinking on the role of renewable energy for powering its overseas bases, focusing on the research of Zheng Chongwei, a Chinese military researcher.

    Feb 2, 2024

  • Typhoons at RAF Coningsby in Linconshire, United Kingdom, December 9, 2022, photo by Joe Giddens/Pool via Reuters

    Commentary

    Lessons for Industrial Resilience: The UK's Typhoon Export Conundrum

    If Turkey steps back from its pursuit of the Typhoon, it would join India, South Korea, Finland, the UAE, and Switzerland on the list of countries to decline acquisition of the four-nation collaborative platform jointly exported by the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, and Spain. The United Kingdom and Germany have the most to gain, or lose, from the Typhoon's success.

    Feb 2, 2024

  • Rear view of Black female soldier saluting, photo by DanielBendjy/Getty Images

    Commentary

    Support for Veterans Leaves Rape Victims Behind

    Far too many survivors of military sexual trauma are unable to access the generous benefits available to those injured by enemies overseas. Survivors are already far less likely to qualify for the full range of benefits and services available to those injured in combat, and the United States is doing nothing to rectify this injustice, allowing further inequities to fester.

    Feb 2, 2024

  • Report

    Report

    Weerbaarheid becijferd: Een methode om weerbaarheid tegen dreigingen voor de nationale veiligheid inzichtelijk te maken: [Resilience quantified: A method for understanding resilience to threats to national security]

    This study develops a method to determine the resilience of Dutch society against current and future threats to national security. The method uses a "resilience matrix" to be populated through expert sessions based on the Delphi technique.

    Feb 1, 2024

  • Glowing quantum beam weapon hit blue target, photo by sakkmesterke/Getty Images

    Testimony

    The Chinese Industrial Base and Military Deployment of Quantum Technology

    The United States and China are the leaders in quantum science and technology development. But since they focus on different applications, it is hard to assess which country is closer to military deployment. If Congress determines that quantum technology is a strategic priority, continued investment in research is paramount.

    Feb 1, 2024

  • Online profile icons with scattered icons in red, photo by DamnwellMedia/Getty Images

    Testimony

    China's Developing Use of Generative AI in Influence Operations

    There are many reasons to be concerned that China's military will use generative AI to enhance its influence operations to undermine the democratic process in the United States and around the world. What can U.S. policymakers do to counter China's social media manipulation and other IO efforts?

    Feb 1, 2024

  • Report

    Report

    Allied by Design: Defining a Path to Thoughtful Allied Space Power

    In this report, the authors evaluate the U.S. Department of Defense space enterprise and the interest, potential, and perspectives of six allies to recommend opportunities for a more effective approach to allied space power.

    Jan 30, 2024

  • two large ground satellites at a military base

    Research Brief

    Getting Space Acquisition Right: Steps to Realize Enduring Change

    RAND researchers explored ways the U.S. Space Force can facilitate the integration, synchronization, and acceleration of space acquisition and fielding to support the delivery of end-to-end space capabilities to outpace adversary threats.

    Jan 30, 2024

  • Planet Earth with U.S. and allies' flags around it, design by Rick Penn-Kraus/RAND from photos by Getty Images

    Research Brief

    Charting a Path to Thoughtful Allied Space Power

    U.S. policy statements stress that close cooperation with allies is central to U.S. strategy, especially in space. But allies have grown increasingly vocal about a gap between what the United States says and what it does to make tangible progress toward allied space cooperation. How can that be improved?

    Jan 30, 2024

  • A Ukrainian serviceman drives an M2 Bradley infantry fighting vehicle at a position near Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, June 26, 2023, photo by Rfe/Rl/Serhii Nuzhnenko via Reuters

    Commentary

    Upping the Ante on Western Weapons Could End the Stalemate in Ukraine

    The Russo-Ukrainian war might be at a strategic tipping point. The ground fight in Ukraine's east is stalemated, but Russian sea and air power in Crimea is diminished. The future flow of Western aid may be less certain. To address these challenges, the West might escalate support for Ukraine's military and signal firmness to Moscow.

    Jan 30, 2024

  • Report

    Report

    Command and Control in the Future: Concept Paper 2: The Defence C2 Enterprise

    This is the second in a series of four papers examining how Command and Control (C2) will manifest in the future, and focuses on what will likely constitute the C2 enterprise.

    Jan 29, 2024