Neighborhood Influences on Health


  • A divided community where one side is getting flooded, illustration by Meriel Waissman


    Stress Accumulates in Marginalized Communities, Generation After Generation

    Jul 8, 2020

    Psychologists and biologists have known for years that prolonged stress is toxic to the human body. A better understanding of how stress builds in communities—and the burden it puts on them—can lead to more effective policies to address it.

  • Men on different ladders to illustrate inequity in Pittsburgh, Pa., illustrations by hyejin kang and teddyandmia/Getty Images; design by Chara Williams/RAND Corporation


    How Pittsburgh Is Addressing Social and Economic Disparities

    Jul 2, 2019

    Pittsburgh has been taking a hard look at race, wealth, and opportunity. In partnership with RAND, the city has run and published its numbers on subjects ranging from police contacts to business ownership to graduation rates as part of a commitment to do better.

Explore Neighborhood Influences on Health

  • Journal Article

    A Multilevel Decomposition Approach to Estimate the Role of Program Location and Neighborhood Disadvantage in Racial Disparities in Alcohol Treatment Completion

    Large racial disparities in completion rates from substance abuse treatment programs in urban settings remain largely unexplained, although evidence is accumulating that neighborhood conditions may influence individual substance abuse patterns and consequences.

    Jan 1, 2007

  • Journal Article

    Daily Smoking Patterns, Their Determinants, and Implications for Quitting

    In this article, the authors examine daily temporal patterns of smoking in relation to environmental restrictions on smoking and cessation outcomes.

    Jan 1, 2007

  • News Release

    RAND Study Finds Neighborhood Parks Associated with More Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls

    November 6, 2006 News Release: RAND Study Finds Neighborhood Parks Associated with More Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls

    Nov 6, 2006

  • African American man stretching in the park in Los Angeles, California


    L.A. Residents Like Their Parks, Likely to Use Those Close to Home

    People in Los Angeles like their neighborhood parks, and are most likely to use them if they are close to home and have supervised activities. Officials should consider adding park space throughout the city and including more facilities such as running tracks and trails.

    Jan 30, 2006

  • Journal Article

    Neighborhood Parks Associated with More Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls

    Adolescent girls who live within one-half mile of a public park are significantly more physically active than other girls. Parks with amenities such as basketball courts, playgrounds and walking paths were associated with more physical activity than parks with picnic areas and lawn games.

    Jan 1, 2006

  • Research Brief

    Does Neighborhood Deterioration Lead to Poor Health?

    Traditional thinking about health in America has been that individuals alone decide whether to engage in unhealthy behaviors. However, the conditions in which individuals live may also contribute to their health and longevity.

    Nov 25, 2005

  • Content

    Chloe E. Bird

    Chair, Diversity and Inclusion Forum; Senior Sociologist
    Education Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; B.A. in sociology, Oberlin College

  • Content

    Tara Laila Blagg

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Candidate, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.S.W., University of Houston; B.A. in Hispanic studies, Rice University

  • Content

    Tamara Dubowitz

    Senior Policy Researcher; Faculty, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Sc.D. in public health nutrition/social epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health; S.M. in maternal and child health, Harvard School of Public Health; M.Sc. in anthropology, University of Pennsylvania

  • Content

    Esther M. Friedman

    Behavioral and Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in sociology, University of California - Los Angeles

  • Content

    Jaime Madrigano

    Policy Researcher
    Education Sc.D. in epidemiology and environmental health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health; M.P.H., Rutgers University; B.E. in environmental engineering, Stevens Institute of Technology

  • Content

    Lilian Perez

    Associate Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in public health, UC San Diego; M.P.H. in public health, Emory University; B.A. in neuroscience, Wellesley College

  • Content

    Sameer M. Siddiqi

    Associate Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in health policy and management, Johns Hopkins University; B.S. in biology, University of Houston

  • Content

    Linnea Warren May

    Senior Policy Analyst
    Education M.P.H. in health behavior, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health; B.S. in biology and psychology, University of Pittsburgh

  • Content

    Margaret M. Weden

    Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. in population dynamics, Johns Hopkins University; M.H.S. in biostatistics, Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health