The City of Pittsburgh and Allegheny County, Pennsylvania could enhance the economic progress of the region if its governments are consolidated, although evidence of such gains in other consolidations is mixed.
Examines whether physical restraint initiation is associated with subsequent lower physical or mental health in nursing home residents. Finds a substantial association between restraint initiation and subsequent adverse health consequences.
To encourage and facilitate data-driven decisionmaking, many states and districts have begun providing staff with information from value-added assessment systems—collections of complex statistical techniques that use multiple years of test-score data to estimate the causal effects of individual schools or teachers on student learning.
The RAND Corporation has presented the first Victor R. Fuchs Research Award to a team from Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh for publishing the best research paper with the potential to spawn new research in an underdeveloped area of health economics or health policy.
State test scores provide one useful piece of information to parents, school and governmental officials, and other taxpayers... But while this type of reporting provides one way of judging school quality, other information is needed to understand how well schools are actually educating their students, writes Laura Hamilton.
The U.S. Department of Education has awarded the RAND Corporation a $6 million grant to conduct a five-year study of the effectiveness of a technology-based mathematics curriculum created by Carnegie Learning, Inc., of Pittsburgh.
While testing can serve a valuable purpose, it can only do so if: the tests are designed to measure complex, important content; safeguards are developed to address harmful effects on students; and the tests are used as one part of a comprehensive strategy for producing more-qualified graduates, writes Laura Hamilton.
Academic improvement among students attending Philadelphia public schools managed by private operators kept pace, but did not exceed, the achievement gains of students in the rest of the district in the past four years.
After six years of expansion in Pittsburgh, RAND celebrates the opening of new offices in the RAND Building on June 21, 2006. In a commentary in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, RAND President and CEO James A. Thomson and Barry Balmat highlight RAND's commitment to making the city and region better.
Lead poisoning remains a serious, preventable environmental health threat to young children. Analysis of data on blood lead levels in Allegheny County, PA indicated the need for more diligent state and local involvement to ensure that at-risk children are screened.