Police-Community Relations

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Communities rely on police departments to "protect and serve" and the police, in turn, rely on community support and cooperation, but the relationship is not always harmonious. RAND researchers have examined the relationships between law enforcement agencies and their communities in several countries.

Explore Police-Community Relations

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Efforts to Improve Police-Community Relations in Cincinnati

    This research brief summarizes second-year findings. Although there is no evidence of systematic racial bias in Cincinnati Police Department vehicle stops, other police actions have racially disparate impacts that fuel perceptions of racial bias.

    Feb 16, 2007

  • News Release

    News Release

    RAND Corporation Will Assess NYPD Firearms Training and Tactics and Firearms Discharge Review Procedures, and Examine ...

    January 4, 2007 News Release: RAND Corporation Will Assess NYPD Firearms Training and Tactics and Firearms Discharge Review Procedures, and Examine Reflexive or 'Contagious' Shooting Issues.

    Jan 4, 2007

  • A police vehicle parked on an urban street

    Report

    Assessing the Progress of Police-Community Relations in Cincinnati

    The Cincinnati Police Department, Fraternal Order of Police, and American Civil Liberties Union pledged to collaborate in efforts to resolve social conflict, improve community relations and avoid litigation. RAND evaluated their progress in the second year of the agreement.

    Dec 10, 2006

  • Report

    Report

    Police-Community Relations in Cincinnati

    In 2002, the Cincinnati Police Department, the Fraternal Order of Police, and the American Civil Liberties Union entered into a collaborative agreement. They contracted RAND to conduct required annual progress evaluations, of which this is the first.

    Nov 30, 2005

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Interactive Police-Citizen Encounters That Result in Force

    The behavior of officers and suspects during encounters is influenced by the actions, comments, and demeanor of the other actor.

    Jan 1, 2004

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    A Measurement Model Approach to Estimating Community Policing Implementation

    This study developed and assessed a measurement model to examine the implementation of community policing (COP).

    Jan 1, 2004

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Fair Treatment or Preferred Outcome? The Impact of Police Behavior on Victim Reports of Domestic Violence Incidents

    Research is an exploratory test of two hypotheses emerging from debates about how police behavior may influence domestic violence victim reporting.

    Jan 1, 2003

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Police Use of Force: An Analysis of Organizational Characteristics

    Police use of force has become an important public policy concern and topic of research during the past few years.

    Jan 1, 2001

  • Report

    Report

    The Criminal Investigation Process: Volume I: Summary and Policy Implications

    A capsule statement of the major findings and proposed reforms resulting from a two-year RAND study of police investigation of serious reported crimes.

    Jan 1, 1975

  • People

    People

    Danielle Sobol

    Assistant Policy Researcher, RAND; Ph.D. Student, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.P.A. in international development practice, Columbia University; B.A. in history, The University of Wisconsin - Madison

  • People

    People

    Meagan Cahill

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. and M.A. in geography, The University of Arizona; BA in geography, Mary Washington College

  • People

    People

    Richard H. Donohue

    Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in criminology and criminal justice, University of Massachusetts-Lowell; M.A. in criminal justice, University of Massachusetts-Lowell; M.A. in international tourism, University of Limerick; B.A. in history, Virginia Military Institute

  • People

    People

    Melissa M. Labriola

    Senior Behavioral/Social Scientist
    Education Ph.D. in sociology, City College of New York; M.A. in sociology, George Washington University; B.A. in social relations, Michigan State University

  • People

    People

    Nelson Lim

    Director, Workforce, Development, and Health Program, RAND Project AIR FORCE; Senior Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of California, Los Angeles; B.A. in economics, University of California, Los Angeles

  • People

    People

    William A. Williams

    Senior Policy Analyst; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
    Education M.A. in international relations, Creighton University; B.S. in radio/TV-film (concentrations in english and government), University of Texas, Austin