Youths are exposed to an average of three alcohol ads per day-and black and Hispanic youths' exposure is roughly double that of white youths—and the effect of a single exposure can last up to two days.
The Intensive Partnerships for Effective Teaching initiative enhanced how teachers are evaluated and improved teacher staffing policies. But it did not lead to gains in student achievement or graduation rates.
Adolescents who view more advertising for medical marijuana are more likely to use marijuana, express intentions to use the drug, and have more-positive expectations about the substance. An increasing amount of advertising about marijuana may prompt young people to increase their use of the drug.
As millennials become more prominent in the public and private sectors, their views will have greater influence. How do their attitudes toward security differ from those of previous generations? And what do these perceptions imply for U.S. security policy in 2040?
Compared with Black gay men, Black bisexual men experience significant psychosocial health disparities; interventions to decrease biphobia could improve sexual minority community support for these men.
Veterans are interested in complementary non-pharmacologic approaches to manage pain but they cite a range of barriers to access, including poor communication with providers and poor care coordination.
Exposure to marijuana advertising may play a significant role in shaping teen attitudes about the drug, and contribute to increased marijuana use and related negative consequences throughout adolescence. Restrictions on marijuana advertising similar to those on alcohol and tobacco would likely help limit its exposure to teens.
An implementation strategy called Getting to Outcomes increased the number of homeless vets that engaged in treatment in a VA program, but the strategy had no significant effects on hospitalization, mental health, or substance abuse outcomes.
In 2008, the Indian Health Service launched a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) initiative to improve the quality of care in its clinics. RAND researchers identified barriers and strategies to assist clinics on the path to PCMH recognition.
More than two-thirds of community college students and 40 percent of four-year college students take at least one developmental education course. States and colleges across the United States are experimenting with innovative approaches to developmental education to improve graduation rates for struggling students.