Preschool Children

Featured

Early education helps prepare preschoolers for kindergarten — developmentally, academically, and socially — and also is associated with lasting positive outcomes. RAND research related to preschool children includes studies on early childhood development, effective preschool programs, child care quality, and the costs and benefits of investing in preschool education.

  • President Joe Biden signs the American Rescue Plan with Vice President Kamala Harris looking on, in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, D.C., March 11, 2021, photo by Tom Brenner/Reuters

    Commentary

    Biden's Child Tax Credit Will Bring Lifetime of Improvement

    Apr 28, 2021

    The American Rescue Plan is expected to cut child poverty in the United States by more than 40 percent. The benefits are important to families today and could be compounded over the hundred years these children are expected to live.

  • A young girl reading with her grandmother, photo by Malek Hosni

    Multimedia

    From Day One: The Importance of Early Learning

    Feb 24, 2021

    RAND researchers Rita Karam and Gail Zellman discuss the importance of early childhood learning. This video features interviews with families and educators in the Middle East who have experienced the positive effects of engaging children in conversations and educational activities at home and in early childhood programs.

Explore Preschool Children

  • Students eating lunch in a school cafeteria

    Journal Article

    The Role of School Environments in Explaining Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Body Mass Index Among U.S. Adolescents

    School characteristics in the fifth and eighth grades showed little additional influence on the racial and ethnic disparities in body mass index observed at school entry in a longitudinal study of elementary and middle school students.

    Jun 24, 2016

  • A group of preschool children sit with their teacher and play musical instruments

    Report

    Professional Development for the Early Care and Education Workforce in Shelby County, Tennessee

    This report examines how early care and education caregivers with licensed providers in Shelby County, Tennessee, gain through ongoing professional development the relevant knowledge for working with infants, toddlers, and preschool-age children.

    Apr 13, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Spending on Children's Personal Health Care in the United States, 1996–2013

    Changes in pediatric health care spending across payor types over time, such as increased expenditures on inpatient well-newborn care and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, can help decision-makers plan for future pediatric health systems.Â

    Mar 28, 2016

  • News Release

    News Release

    High-Quality, Full-Scale Preschool Programs Boost School Readiness and Produce Sustained Benefits

    The investment in high-quality preschool programs may be paid back through improved outcomes during the school-age years and beyond. In addition to school readiness, they produce long-term benefits like lower rates of special education use, reduced grade repetition, and higher high school graduation rates.

    Mar 11, 2016

  • Preschool students and a teacher building a tower with blocks

    Report

    High-Quality, Full-Scale Preschool Programs Boost School Readiness and Produce Sustained Benefits

    The investment in high-quality preschool may be paid back through improved outcomes during the school-age years and beyond. In addition to school readiness, they produce long-term benefits like lower rates of special education use, reduced grade repetition, and higher high school graduation rates.

    Mar 11, 2016

  • U.S. President Barack Obama waves at the conclusion of his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress in Washington, January 12, 2016

    Blog

    State of the Union 2016: Insights on Obama's Last Address

    RAND research, analysis, and expertise provide context for many of the issues discussed in President Barack Obama's final State of the Union address, including the threat of ISIS, global climate change, and bringing peace to Syria.

    Jan 13, 2016

  • Lynn Karoly

    Multimedia

    Lynn Karoly on the Return on Early Childhood Investment

    In this 60 Second Lecture from the Center for High Impact Philanthropy, Lynn Karoly, a senior economist at the RAND Corporation, discusses the return on philanthropic investments in early childhood programs.

    Sep 23, 2015

  • Young children listening to their teacher

    Report

    Evaluating Delaware Stars for Early Success: Year Two Report

    In the second year of RAND's evaluation of Delaware's quality rating and improvement system (QRIS), key findings offer insight into provider participation, the use of financial incentives, and the amount of technical assistance received by providers—all pointing to the importance of administrative data in a QRIS.

    Jun 2, 2015

  • Preschool teachers or caregivers reading to children

    Q&A

    Investing in Kids Can Yield High Returns: Q&A with Lynn A. Karoly

    There is strong evidence of large potential economic returns to investing in high quality early childhood programs, but that doesn't mean that every program will generate equally large returns. Many programs likely have a “threshold” of quality and intensity that needs to be achieved in order to register positive returns.

    Apr 8, 2015

  • A toddler holds an electronic tablet

    Essay

    Tech for Tots: Learning to Use the Power of Technology to Enrich Kids' Lives

    When it comes to youngsters and technology use, how much is too much? How young is too young? RAND is on the case, to help prepare children for success in school and life.

    Jan 20, 2015

  • Mom watches on as her baby contemplates steps

    Tool

    Investing in Early Social and Emotional Development Is Key

    For children to flourish and succeed, they must be able to problem solve, handle stress and develop resilience, and interact appropriately with peers and adults. A study of children in Shelby County, Tennessee identifies factors in the home, child care setting, and community that contribute to social and emotional development.

    Jan 14, 2015

  • A mother and child outside together

    Journal Article

    Minority Parents' Perspectives on Racial Socialization and School Readiness in the Early Childhood Period

    Very young minority children have already been alerted by their parents to unfair treatment due to racial discrimination.

    Jan 8, 2015

  • pre-school girls drawing

    Report

    Evaluating Delaware Stars for Early Success: Year One Report

    As a first step in a larger study of Delaware Stars, a voluntary quality rating and improvement system for early learning and care programs, RAND researchers reviewed prior literature, examined existing data, and interviewed key stakeholders.

    Jun 9, 2014

  • caregiver with boy

    Report

    Early and School-Age Care in Santa Monica: Current System, Policy Options, and Recommendations: Executive Summary

    In July 2012, the City of Santa Monica Human Services Division and the Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District contracted with the RAND Corporation to conduct an assessment of child care programs in Santa Monica.

    Apr 25, 2014

  • young children with teacher playing outside with bubbles

    Report

    Early and School-Age Care in Santa Monica

    Researchers examine how well Santa Monica's child care programs meet the needs of families, including child care and early education programs before kindergarten, as well as care for school-aged children, both during the school year and the summer.

    Apr 25, 2014

  • kindergarten girls using computer

    Project

    “T” Is for Technology: Early Childhood Education and the Digital Divide

    Despite the central and growing role of digital technology for knowledge-based work, children in low-income families have relatively limited access to computer-based devices, software applications, and the Internet. “T” Is for Technology explored the potential for early childhood education to help narrow this digital divide.

    Mar 3, 2014

  • Young students using crayons with their teacher

    Solution

    Improving Access to Early Childhood Education

    Achievement gaps between disadvantaged and advantaged students in language arts and mathematics can form early, with some children trailing behind in school readiness measures when they enter kindergarten. Despite fiscal constraints, an increase in the funding for effective preschool programs can help to close these gaps and reduce costs later on.

    Dec 1, 2013

  • preschool activity

    Commentary

    To Eliminate the 'Readiness Gap,' Preschool Is Just the Beginning

    Preschool for four-year-olds should be as common as kindergarten is for five-year-olds. Ultimately, the goal should be the elimination of the readiness gap through expanded access to preschool, written materials in the home, and technology that could improve delivery of such materials.

    Nov 26, 2013

  • Preschool children using letters with a teacher

    Commentary

    Give Poor Kids a Chance with Early Education

    Federal and state initiatives to advance preschool program quality will further ensure that these investments in early learning programs will achieve their full promise and promote healthy child development — physically, socially, emotionally, and academically, writes Lynn Karoly.

    Apr 10, 2013

  • child number puzzle

    Blog

    RAND Researchers Discuss Early Childhood Development

    Joe Dougherty summarizes key points from a media conference call with RAND experts on early childhood development and education. They discuss the importance of early childhood development in laying the foundation for success later in life, as well as the potential for high-quality programs to yield a return on investment for society at large.

    Feb 21, 2013