Prisoner Reentry

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The transition from incarceration to life in the community has implications for public safety at large and for the communities into which the former prisoners are introduced. RAND research has explored how to prevent recidivism through correctional education, the public health issues of prisoner reentry, and the question of prisoner rehabilitation.

  • Research Brief

    Resetting the Record: The Facts on Hiring People with Criminal Histories

    Misperceptions may keep employers from hiring people with criminal records. If hiring managers can make evidence-based decisions, it could help ensure that companies get the employees they need, people with criminal records get jobs, and society benefits.

    Jan 9, 2024

  • Report

    How Did COVID-19 Affect Prison Education?

    Many U.S. correctional systems shut down or cut back on education and vocational programs because of the pandemic. But having to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions helped accelerate the adoption of online and hybrid learning models and the use of technology for prison education programs.

    Mar 23, 2023

Explore Prisoner Reentry

  • prisoners attending a class

    Report

    Education and Vocational Training in Prisons Reduces Recidivism, Improves Job Outlook

    Inmates who participate in correctional education programs have a 43 percent lower odds of returning to prison than those who do not. Employment after release is 13 percent higher among prisoners who participated in either academic or vocational education programs than those who did not.

    Aug 22, 2013

  • prison

    Research Brief

    How Effective is Correctional Education?

    One strategy to counter recidivism is to provide education to inmates while incarcerated so that they have the knowledge, training, and skills to support a successful return to their communities.

    Aug 22, 2013

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    Report

    Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2011-2012 Report

    This annual report for the California Board of State and Community Corrections measures the success of Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act programs and initiatives for six state-mandated outcome measures and county-mandated supplemental measures.

    Aug 12, 2013

  • Teens working together at the Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument

    Commentary

    Advancing Social Outcomes: Private Investors Could Be Part of the Solution

    Under a Social Impact Bond, private investors — rather than the government — provide up-front funding for programs that tackle such challenges as recidivism or homelessness. If these programs succeed, the government pays some of the savings back to the investors.

    May 14, 2013

  • gavel and anvil

    Journal Article

    Racial Disparities in Criminal Court Referrals to Drug Treatment

    The U.S. prison population grew nearly fivefold between 1980 and 2009, at least partially due to the “War on Drugs.” Racial disparities in criminal justice referrals to drug treatment potentially affect access to treatment for hundreds of thousands of individuals arrested for drug offenses each year.

    May 13, 2013

  • Lois Davis speaking at a RAND Policy Forum on Calfornia's prisoner dilemma on January 24, 2012, with Greg Ridgeway, J. Clark Kelso, and R. Steven Tharratt

    Announcement

    Lois Davis's Prisoner Re-Entry Work Earns Recognition from California Assembly

    RAND congratulates senior policy researcher Lois Davis, whose work on the public health consequences of prisoner re-entry in California earned RAND the 64th Assembly District's AB 109 Re-Entry Award.

    Jan 23, 2013

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    Report

    Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2010-2011 Report

    The Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act funds programs that curb crime among juvenile probationers and young at-risk offenders. This report summarizes, for fiscal year 2010-2011, state- and county-determined outcome measures from each program.

    Sep 17, 2012

  • Congressional Briefing Podcast

    Multimedia

    Prisoner Reentry and Public Health: Is Your State Ready?

    In this June 2012 Congressional Briefing, Lois Davis discusses the health care needs of prisoners who reenter the general population; the roles that health care providers, other social services, and family members play in successful reentry; and recommendations for improving access to care for this population in the current fiscal environment.

    Jun 21, 2012

  • Events @ RAND Audio Podcast

    Multimedia

    California's Prisoners Dilemma

    At this January 2012 Policy Forum, experts discuss the public health implications of a U.S. Supreme Court order to reduce the prison population by more than 30,000.

    Jan 24, 2012

  • Los Angeles area map

    Report

    Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2009-2010 Report

    The Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act funds programs that curb crime among juvenile probationers and young at-risk offenders. This report summarizes, for fiscal year 2009-2010, state- and county-determined outcome measures from each program.

    Jan 24, 2012

  • Periodical

    Periodical

    RAND Review: Vol. 35, No. 3, Winter 2011-2012

    Stories discuss world demographic trends, Afghan peace prospects, U.S. health care spending, California prisoner reentry, Latin American inequalities, global health, veterans' mental health, highway investments, teacher bonuses, and charter schools.

    Jan 13, 2012

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    What Are the Public Health Implications of Prisoner Reentry in California?

    Examines the health care needs of released California prisoners, communities most affected by reentry, safety net capacity, and provider experiences with ex-prisoners, given California's Public Safety Realignment Plan and federal health care reform.

    Dec 7, 2011

  • News Release

    News Release

    California Faces Challenges Meeting Health Needs of Offenders Released from Prison

    With the health care safety net in California under stress from the state's continuing financial crisis, jurisdictions across the state face unprecedented challenges caring for the health and social service needs of people released from state prisons.

    Nov 16, 2011

  • former prisoner leaving jail

    Report

    California Faces Challenges Meeting Health Needs of Offenders Released from Prison

    With the health care safety net in California under stress from the state's continuing financial crisis, jurisdictions across the state face unprecedented challenges caring for the health and social service needs of people released from state prisons.

    Nov 16, 2011

  • A woman is checked into the Orange County jail in Santa Ana, California, May 24, 2011, photo by Lucy Nicholson/Reuters

    Commentary

    California's Prisoner Shuffle

    The state needs to deal with prison overcrowding and inadequate medical care for prisoners in ways that don't simply transfer the burden to county criminal justice systems and the healthcare safety nets of local communities, writes Lois Davis.

    Aug 19, 2011

  • eu flag and gavel

    Report

    Development of a European Crime Report: Improving safety and justice with existing crime and criminal justice data

    The European Commission seeks to develop a European Crime Report (ECR) to improve understanding of the EU crime and justice situation. RAND Europe researched the analytical and operational challenges and opportunities to developing an ECR.

    Aug 2, 2011

  • shooting gun art

    Report

    Reducing Gun Violence

    An initiative that successfully reduced gun violence in Boston was adapted for a section of East Los Angeles with prevalent gang activity. Though not implemented as planned, the intervention helped reduce violent and gang crime in the targeted districts, both during and immediately after implementation.

    Dec 22, 2010

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    Report

    Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2007-2008 Report

    The Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act funds programs that have been proven effective in curbing crime among juvenile probationers and young at-risk offenders. This report summarizes outcome measures from each of the programs for fiscal year 2007-2008.

    Jan 1, 2010

  • Commentary

    Commentary

    Can Gitmo's Terrorists Be Rehabilitated?

    Before he closes Guantánamo, Obama must take a clear-eyed look at the record — and anticipate the next chapter of the fight against terrorism. What happens to terrorist suspects after they leave the detention center at Guantánamo Bay, asks Aidan Kirby Winn.

    Jun 29, 2009

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Assessing Parolees' Health Care Needs and Potential Access to Health Care Services in California

    California parolees' health care, mental health care, and drug- and alcohol-treatment needs, as well as where parolees go when they return to counties, place significant demands on counties' safety-net resources and on their ability meet those needs.

    Jun 17, 2009