Racial Discrimination

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In many communities, the practice of racial profiling and ethnic discrimination is still commonplace. RAND studies have shown the effects of ethnic and racial discrimination on health care utilization, children's mental health, job markets, and sports, as well as in police departments, where racial profiling prevention training is now common.

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    Was Unemployment Insurance Designed to Exclude Black Workers?

    Dec 21, 2020

    RAND economist Kathryn Edwards discusses whether the exclusion of Black workers in the design of the unemployment insurance program was incidental or intentional.

  • An illustration of people from diverse racial backgrounds. Image by Lyubov Ivanova / Getty Images

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    RAND Center to Advance Racial Equity Policy

    Aug 25, 2020

    RAND has launched a new research center dedicated to racial equity. The center supports a portfolio of innovative, high-impact racial equity research and analysis, creates a clearinghouse to help coordinate related efforts, and collaborates with organizations dedicated to advancing racial equity.

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  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Applying Demographic Analysis in Affirmative Action Disputes: An Instructional Case

    Applications of demographic concepts, data, and techniques in evaluating affirmative action goals for equalizing employment opportunity.

    Jan 1, 1998

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    A Riot of Color: The Demographic Setting

    The Los Angeles riots of 1992 were examined in the context of changing demographic and socioeconomic conditions.

    Jan 1, 1994

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    Journal Article

    Racial Differences in the Elderly's Use of Medical Procedures and Diagnostic Tests

    This study sought to examine racial differences in the use of medical procedures and diagnostic tests by elderly Americans.

    Jan 1, 1993

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    More Than Meets the Eye

    In 1991, the Justice Department threatened litigation against a city in Southern California citing alleged discrimination in the city's hiring practices. Closer study, however, revealed a far different picture.

    Jan 1, 1993

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    Journal Article

    Emerging Parallels in the American Health Care and Legal-Judicial Systems

    Deals with the problems of discrimination when health care priorities are set, by examining parallels in the American health care system and the legal-judicial system. It suggests that, by defining legitimate health care needs, society can eliminate the need to ration necessary care. Such needs can be defined using carefully developed coverage rules, rather than the informal rules currently in place, in conjunction with the already-existing due-process methods for interpreting and implementing those rules.

    Jan 1, 1992

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    Report

    Racial Disparities in Sentencing Decisions

    Discusses the distinction between racial disparity and racial discrimination; summarizes what is known about racial bias in capital and non-capital cases; and points out the reasons that the serious limitations of the research methods in this field...

    Jan 1, 1991

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    Report

    Some Models of Racial Discrimination in the Labor Market

    Part of a RAND study on the measurement of racial discrimination in the economic sphere.

    Jan 1, 1971

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    Report

    Racial Discrimination in Organized Baseball

    Estimates of the parameters of a model of salary determination — in which the independent variables include measures of performance and experience, alternative earnings potential, and race — explain from one-half to three-fourths of the variation in...

    Jan 1, 1970

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    Report

    Racial Discrimination in the Job Market : The Role of Information and Search.

    A theory of the value of discrimination in the job market as a function of the business cycle, based on elementary models of economic behavior in which, among other things, employer uncertainty about employee capacity to produce is incorporated. A fa...

    Jan 1, 1970

  • Report

    Report

    Patterns of Negro-White Residential Segregation.

    A critical review of some quantitative empirical studies of racial residential segregation, principally Negroes in Cities: Residential Segregation and Neighborhood Change, by Taeuber and Taeuber, which uses an "index of dissimilarity" as the princip...

    Jan 1, 1970

  • Report

    Report

    The Analysis of Residential Segregation.

    A review of residential segregation. Dealing mainly with black Americans' housing, this paper considers (1) why segregation is an important topic; (2) the current magnitude of segregation in American cities and recent trends; (3) theoretical, empiri...

    Jan 1, 1969

  • Report

    Report

    Models of Segregation

    Two theoretical models are developed to examine the individual incentives and perceptions of difference between people that can lead, collectively, to the segregation of various sub-populations.

    Jan 1, 1969

  • Report

    Report

    The Economics of Housing Segregation.

    An examination of the available statistics to determine the degree to which socioeconomic factors, rather than racial prejudice, determine observed nonwhite residential segregation in the Chicago and Detroit metropolitan areas. Multiple regression te...

    Jan 1, 1967

  • Report

    Report

    The economics of housing segregation

    An attempt to separate the causes of observed segregation of nonwhites in U.S. cities into socioeconomic differences and prejudice. The major hypothesis tested is that residential segregation is socioeconomic in character, i.e., is attributable to wh...

    Jan 1, 1965

  • Report

    Report

    The effects of the ghetto on the distribution and level of nonwhite employment in urban areas

    An analysis of the effect of discrimination in the housing market on the distribution and level of nonwhite employment in urban areas. The hypotheses evaluated are that racial segregation in the housing market: (1) affects the distribution of nonwhit...

    Jan 1, 1965

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    Shamena Anwar

    Economist
    Education Ph.D. in economics, Yale University; B.A. in economics, UC Berkeley

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    Shawn David Bushway

    Senior Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in public policy analysis and political economy, Carnegie Mellon University; B.S. in mathematics, University of Notre Dame

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    Lawrence M. Hanser

    Senior Behavioral Scientist
    Education Ph.D. and M.S. in psychology, Iowa State University; B.A. in psychology, Marquette University

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    David J. Klein

    Statistical Analyst
    Education M.S. in biometry, University of Southern California; B.S. in statistical science, University of California, Santa Barbara

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    Matthew Mizel

    Associate Policy Researcher
    Education Ph.D. in social welfare, UC Los Angeles; M.S.W in social welfare, UC Los Angeles; A.B. in psychology, Stanford University