Racial Equity


RAND research has addressed racial equity from several angles. Studies have explored such topics as disparities in the U.S. criminal justice system, unequal economic opportunities and barriers to employment for people of color, the achievement gap between minority and nonminority students, and how differences in access to quality health care can affect individual and community health and well-being.

  • Shearon Roberts at Pardee RAND's Faculty Leaders Program in July 2018, photo by Diane Baldwin/RAND Corporation


    Pardee RAND's Faculty Leaders Program: Shaping the Future of Public Policy

    Sep 3, 2020

    To be effective, public policy needs to reflect the aspirations, lives, and perspectives of the people it serves. The Pardee RAND Graduate School seeks to build diversity in public policy by engaging faculty leaders from U.S. colleges and universities committed to serving students of color.

  • A woman looks for information on the application for unemployment support at the New Orleans Office of Workforce Development in New Orleans, Louisiana, April 13, 2020, photo by Carlos Barria/Reuters


    Laid Off More, Hired Less: Black Workers in the COVID-19 Recession

    Sep 29, 2020

    As the U.S. economy tries to rebound from the COVID-19 pandemic, companies are adding workers to their teams, yet one group is being picked last: Black workers. Getting back into a job later could do lasting harm to millions of Black Americans' incomes and wealth accumulation for years.

Explore Racial Equity

  • RAND staff attend a rideshair fair at RAND's Santa Monica headquarters, August 9, 2018


    Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion at RAND

    Advancing diversity, equity, and inclusion is an important priority at RAND. We believe that sharing the composition of our workforce is an important step toward fulfilling our commitment to fostering a diverse, equitable, and inclusive workplace.

    Oct 19, 2018

  • Pedestrians crossing a city street, backlit by sunshine


    Conceptualizing Community Stress

    Understanding existing stress levels within a community can help inform how it responds to acute or traumatic events. RAND researchers outlined a framework to determine cumulative community stress and how it may affect public health and community resilience.

    Jun 29, 2018

  • A pharmacist fills a Suboxone prescription at Boston Healthcare for the Homeless Program in Massachusetts, January 14, 2013

    Journal Article

    Use of Medication Therapy to Treat Opioid Abuse Among Medicaid Recipients Increased After Approval of New Drug

    The number of Medicaid recipients receiving medication to treat opioid abuse increased sharply in the years after approval of buprenorphine, but the increase was smaller in poorer counties and areas with larger populations of black and Hispanic residents.

    Jun 27, 2018

  • A depressed woman being comforted by her friend


    Survey of Californians' Mental Health Finds Disparities

    Tracking mental health indicators tells decisionmakers about changing population needs and how well policies and services designed to prevent and treat mental health conditions are working. According to data from 2011 to 2013, California could benefit from focusing on improving outcomes for women, Latino and black residents, and young adults.

    May 1, 2018

  • Recording artist Mariah Carey poses for a portrait in Los Angeles, California, U.S., November 18, 2016


    What Mariah Carey's Bipolar Revelation Could Mean for Public Health

    Five-time Grammy winner Mariah Carey is being widely applauded for recently revealing she was diagnosed with bipolar disorder in 2001. By openly talking about her mental health struggles, she is helping lift mental illness out of the shadows and bringing attention to how common mental illness can be.

    Apr 30, 2018

  • African American girl in foreground, ignored by a group of girls in the background

    Journal Article

    The Association Between Discrimination and PTSD in African Americans: Exploring the Role of Gender

    Discrimination may contribute to the disparate rates of PTSD experienced by African Americans in two lower-income Pittsburgh neighborhoods.

    Apr 12, 2018

  • A male student getting reprimanded by a teacher


    Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools

    In the United States, black and poor students are suspended at much higher rates than their white and non-poor peers. While the existence of these disparities is not controversial, how to interpret the disparities is bitterly disputed.

    Nov 21, 2017

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Black and Hispanic Patients Receive Hospice Care Similar to That of White Patients When in the Same Hospices

    Black and Hispanic patients received care from poorer quality hospices than white patients.

    Aug 1, 2017

  • News Release

    News Release

    Black and Hispanic Patients More Likely to Use Lower-Quality Hospices

    Black and Hispanic patients are more likely to receive care from poorer-quality hospices. And their family caregivers are less likely to receive the right amount of emotional and religious support in hospice care. However, caregivers of black and Hispanic patients report similar or better experiences than caregivers of white patients within a given hospice.

    Jul 5, 2017

  • African American woman with hands raised in worship at a church service

    Research Brief

    The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in Addressing HIV

    In a series of collaborative studies, RAND researchers sought to better understand urban congregations' capacity for HIV prevention and care, specifically in the areas of stigma reduction and HIV testing.

    Apr 27, 2017

  • Humanoid robot touching a computer screen


    The Risks of Bias and Errors in Artificial Intelligence

    Machine learning algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI) influence many aspects of life today. These agents are not exempt from errors or bias because they are designed, built, and taught by humans. While AI has great promise, using it introduces a new level of risk and complexity in policy.

    Apr 5, 2017

  • A doctor talking with a stressed patient


    Should the Definition of Health Include a Measure of Tolerance?

    Involving the medical community in helping to measure and increase tolerance could help make individuals and communities healthier. Since hate is both deadly and contagious, now is the time to engage the medical profession in eradicating it.

    Feb 15, 2017

  • African American teacher helping high school student in the classroom

    Journal Article

    To Educate or to Incarcerate: Examining Disparities in School Discipline

    Several factors contribute to disparities in office referral, suspension, and expulsion in high schools. Helping students engage in school may protect against disproportionate school discipline.

    Sep 30, 2016

  • Six stick figures standing on steps


    How Does Income Inequality Impact Opportunity?

    Rising income inequality can affect outcomes for children of parents with lower incomes by limiting their opportunities. Understanding the extent to which inequalities in opportunity and outcomes are related can help determine which policies have the most potential to level the playing field.

    May 23, 2016

  • The grand opening of a Shop 'n Save grocery store in the Hill District neighborhood of Pittsburgh, October 2013

    Research Brief

    What Happens When a Food Desert Gets a Supermarket?

    Introducing a new supermarket into a Pittsburgh “food desert” led to some improvements in residents' diets. However, most improvements were not linked to supermarket use.

    Nov 3, 2015

  • NYPD officers interact with pedestrians in Central Park, Manhattan, May 22, 2011


    Strengthening Trust Between Police and the Public

    Amid recent tensions between law enforcement and the public, three key questions must be answered to build the foundation for long-lasting mutual trust, especially given technological changes that are increasing transparency.

    May 1, 2015

  • Los Angeles firefighters standing in a flood


    Improving the Recruiting and Hiring of Los Angeles Firefighters

    The city of Los Angeles should revise its hiring process for firefighters in ways that increase diversity among highly-competitive applicants, minimize processing demands on the city, and create greater transparency for applicants in minimum qualifications and selection criteria.

    Jan 22, 2015

  • A mother and child outside together

    Journal Article

    Minority Parents' Perspectives on Racial Socialization and School Readiness in the Early Childhood Period

    Very young minority children have already been alerted by their parents to unfair treatment due to racial discrimination.

    Jan 8, 2015

  • Demonstrators gesture and chant as they continue to react to the shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri August 17, 2014


    Data Key to Tackling Racial Profiling in Ferguson

    Authorities in Ferguson would be wise to consider following Cincinnati's example in dealing with mistrust between police and citizens after the police shooting of a young black man. The city embarked on a thorough examination of racial profiling by its police force and took steps to deal with the perception that bias was influencing the way police officers performed their duties.

    Aug 21, 2014

  • Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott III, 18th Air Force commander, passes the wing flag to Col. Gina Grosso, the new 87th Air Base Wing commander, during an assumption of command ceremony here March 3. Colonel Grosso will be the first joint base commander of JB McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst


    Improving Demographic Diversity in the U.S. Air Force Officer Corps

    To what extent does the representation of women and racial and ethnic minorities in the Air Force match the make-up of the general population? Despite the Air Force's efforts, minority groups and women are underrepresented in the active-duty line officer population, particularly among senior leaders.

    May 20, 2014