Racial Profiling

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In many communities, the practice of racial profiling and ethnic discrimination is still commonplace. RAND studies have shown the effects of ethnic and racial discrimination on health care utilization, children's mental health, job markets, and sports, as well as in police departments, where racial profiling prevention training is now common.

  • Multimedia

    Was Unemployment Insurance Designed to Exclude Black Workers?

    Dec 21, 2020

    RAND economist Kathryn Edwards discusses whether the exclusion of Black workers in the design of the unemployment insurance program was incidental or intentional.

  • An illustration of people from diverse racial backgrounds. Image by Lyubov Ivanova / Getty Images

    Content

    RAND Center to Advance Racial Equity Policy

    Aug 25, 2020

    RAND's Center to Advance Racial Equity Policy supports a portfolio of innovative, high-impact racial equity research and analysis, creates a clearinghouse to help coordinate related efforts, and collaborates with organizations dedicated to advancing racial equity.

Explore Racial Discrimination

  • President Joe Biden speaks with Smith Flooring owners James and Kristin Smith at an event highlighing the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan Act in Chester, Pennsylvania, March 16, 2021, photo by Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

    Commentary

    Promoting Social Equity in Infrastructure Planning and Delivery

    The American Jobs Plan and the American Families Plan propose to address racial inequities through significant infrastructure, workforce, education, and child care investments. Multiple barriers may need to be addressed for the funds to reach their intended destination.

    Jun 17, 2021

  • Senior couple embracing and smiling, photo by andreswd/Getty Images

    Commentary

    A Black Brother Needs Love, Too

    Elected and appointed to important roles, Black women may have the clout needed to play a significant role in shaping policy. How will they use it? Will they make more and stronger calls to protect Black women? Or will they use their influence to extend these calls to protect Black men and highlight the similar yet unique barriers Black men face?

    Jun 17, 2021

  • A person pays their respects at a mural of George Floyd after the verdict in the murder trial of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin, Denver, Colorado, April 20, 2021, photo by Kevin Mohatt/Reuters

    Commentary

    Policing in the Post-Floyd Era

    Calls to reform, reimagine, or disband the police can be seen as existential threats. But they present opportunities for progressive change that can work to the advantage of law enforcement.

    Apr 30, 2021

  • Blog

    Supporting Asian Americans, U.S. Gun Policy, Climate Migrants: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on how to support Asian Americans, the U.S. gun policy debate, the education “arms race,” and more.

    Mar 26, 2021

  • Men hold flowers during a vigil at a makeshift memorial outside the Gold Spa following the deadly shootings in Atlanta, Georgia, March 21, 2021, photo by Shannon Stapleton/Reuters

    Commentary

    Asian American Lives and Livelihoods Don't Just Deserve Our Qualified Support

    Racism against Asian Americans is deeply rooted in the history of the United States. Enduring stereotypes about and bias towards Asian Americans, as well as lack of concern about them, have had long-standing harm on Asian American lives and livelihoods. What can the Asian American community and its allies do?

    Mar 22, 2021

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Inter-Group and Intraminority-Group Discrimination Experiences and the Coping Responses of Latino Sexual Minority Men Living With HIV

    We conducted 30 qualitative interviews with HIV-positive Latino sexual minority men about recent discrimination events (context, details, perpetrator, type) and how they coped with these events.

    Mar 18, 2021

  • News Release

    News Release

    Even Among Those Most Affected by COVID-19, Many Don't See Racism as a Barrier to Good Health

    A national ongoing poll that is surveying people with lower and middle incomes with a focus on communities of color is bringing to light deep-rooted views on health, equity and race amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the uneven effects of a global pandemic on communities of color and those with lower incomes, many people do not recognize the fact that racism and health are connected.

    Jan 13, 2021

  • Blog

    RAND Commentary Highlights from 2020

    The roughly 400 op-eds and blog posts published by RAND researchers during the year reflected an enormous variety of expertise and perspectives, from remote education to election cybersecurity to the economic harms of racial disparities. Here are 10 highlights that landed in high-profile news outlets.

    Dec 18, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Bias in the Legal Profession: Self-Assessed Versus Statistical Measures of Discrimination

    This article uses data from the After the J.D. study to compare standard Blinder-Oaxaca measures of earnings discrimination to self-reported measures of client discrimination, other work-related discrimination, and harassment.

    Dec 11, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    What Can DNA Exonerations Tell Us About Racial Differences in Wrongful-Conviction Rates?

    We show that data on DNA exonerations can be informative about racial differences in wrongful-conviction rates.

    Dec 11, 2020

  • News Release

    News Release

    Survey Estimates More Than 1 in 4 FEMA Workers Experienced Civil Rights Violations

    About 29% of employees at the Federal Emergency Management Agency experienced a sex- or race/ethnicity-based civil rights violation in the past year, according to research undertaken by the Homeland Security Operational Analysis Center (HSOAC), a federally funded research and development center operated by the RAND Corporation under contract with the Department of Homeland Security.

    Dec 2, 2020

  • FEMA staff at a mobile center assist residents with registration and answer questions about disaster-assistance programs in the aftermath of Hurricane Sally, September 2020, photo by FEMA

    Research Brief

    Harassment and Discrimination in the FEMA Workplace

    A survey of FEMA personnel found that 29 percent of employees experienced a sex- or race/ethnicity–based civil rights violation in the past year. The survey results reveal areas in need of improvement and will help guide FEMA leadership decisions about programming and policy responses.

    Dec 2, 2020

  • Report

    Report

    Harassment and Discrimination on the Basis of Gender and Race/Ethnicity in the FEMA Workforce

    Researchers assessed the prevalence and characteristics of sexual harassment, gender discrimination, racial/ethnic harassment, and racial/ethnic discrimination at FEMA. This report documents the survey results.

    Dec 2, 2020

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Inpatient Patient Safety Events in Vulnerable Populations: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    In this retrospective study we found that a commonly used method for monitoring patient safety problems, namely voluntary incident reporting, may underdetect patent safety events in hospitalized vulnerable populations.

    Nov 3, 2020

  • A group of people stacking their hands together, photo by pixelfit/Getty Images

    Multimedia

    RAND Remote Series: Advancing Racial Equity Policy

    In this video conversation, RAND's Anita Chandra and Benjamin Preston discuss RAND's efforts to address the challenges of racial equity from a variety of angles—and options for converting research into action.

    Oct 6, 2020

  • A man speaks with a library worker after receiving an unemployment form in Hialeah, Florida, April 8, 2020, photo by Marco Bello/Reuters

    Commentary

    Unemployment's History with Black Workers

    There's a long-standing accusation leveled at the U.S. unemployment insurance system: that it's structurally racist, deliberately discriminatory from the outset, and remains so today. That claim has been met with doubt. But why doesn't unemployment insurance treat all workers and all earnings the same?

    Oct 5, 2020

  • Barbed wire fence surrounding a prison. Photo by fortton / Getty Images

    Journal Article

    Locking Up My Generation: Cohort Differences in Prison Spells Over the Life Course

    Our study highlights that the crime-punishment wave in the 1980s and 1990s created cohort differences in incarceration over the life course that changed the level of incarceration even decades after the wave.

    Oct 1, 2020

  • Multi-ethnic arms raised in the air on dark gray background, photo by Andriy Onufriyenko/Getty Images

    Announcement

    RAND Launches Center to Advance Racial Equity Policy

    Against the backdrop of a pandemic inflicting disproportionate physical and economic pain on communities of color, and an overdue reckoning with America's long history of systemic inequity and structural racism, the RAND Corporation is launching the RAND Center to Advance Racial Equity Policy.

    Aug 12, 2020