Recidivism—the act of repeating an undesirable behavior despite having suffered negative consequences for that behavior—is most often associated with criminal behavior and substance abuse. RAND research explores how to reduce reoffending among former convicts in the adult and juvenile justice systems.

  • Tanya Beverly at her apartment in Los Angeles, photo by Diane Baldwin/RAND Corporation

    Research Brief

    Supportive Housing Program Broke the Jail-to-Homeless Cycle and Mostly Paid for Itself

    The Just in Reach Pay for Success program diverted people with a history of homelessness from Los Angeles County jails into permanent supportive housing. It achieved a one-year housing stability rate of 82 percent. And most of its costs were offset by a reduction in the use of other county services.

    Aug 16, 2022

  • A man shakes a woman's hand at a job fair in Clarksville, Tennessee, March 6, 2020, photo by Casey Williams/Clarksville Now

    Research Brief

    A More Accurate Way to Predict Recidivism Risk in Background Checks

    Roughly 30 percent of people in the United States have criminal histories, so exclusions resulting from background checks can foreclose job and other opportunities for many. But what if it were possible to show that some people pose a low risk of recidivism?

    Jan 6, 2022

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