Researchers present one of the first investigations into the impact of small and moderate disasters on morbidity, physical growth, and immunizations by combining household data on over 80,000 children from rural India.
To assure the health security of the United States, we must be capable of stopping anything a terrorist or Mother Nature might throw at us. Wholesale cuts to public health are taking us farther from that goal, write Art Kellermann and Melinda Moore.
The Merck Childhood Asthma Network (MCAN) initiative selected five sites (New York City, Puerto Rico, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia) to engage in translational research to adapt evidence-based interventions (EBIs) to improve childhood asthma outcomes. The authors summarize the sites' experience.
An alternative approach employs community-based care coordinators who bridge gaps between families, health care providers, and support services. Merck Childhood Asthma Network, Inc. (MCAN) sites developed community-based care coordination approaches for childhood asthma.
The National Institutes of Health's Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) has developed several scales measuring symptoms and function for use by the clinical research community.
This study investigates racial and ethnic disparities in hospital admission and emergency room visit rates resulting from exposure to ozone and fine particulate matter levels in excess of federal standards ("excess attributable risk").
Medicare's National Pilot Program on Payment Bundling should use hip fracture and joint replacement as the conditions to include and use longer episodes, capturing a higher percentage of costs and hospital readmissions but adding little financial risk.
Communication between healthcare providers and adults about influenza vaccination was relatively uncommon during the 2009-2010 pandemic. Increased communication could significantly enhance influenza vaccination rates.
Presents data from a national survey of health care personnel describing a range of employer efforts to promote influenza vaccination and their associations with vaccination rates during the 2009-2010 influenza season.
We examined the effect of allowing participants to give more precise responses in the 0-1% range on the validity of reported probability judgments. Participants assessed probabilities for getting H1N1 influenza and dying from it conditional on infection, using a 0-100% visual linear scale.
Seasonal flu can be prevented by annual vaccination, which has proven to be safe and effective, yet vaccination rates among Americans remain low. Strategies to increase vaccination rates need to include stronger efforts to address public skepticism.
Seniors of Hispanic descent are far less likely to become immunized against the flu or pneumonia compared to similar White seniors. Those who prefer speaking Spanish and live in linguistically isolated communities are least likely to be immunized.
Immunization remains the best and first line of defense against serious infectious illness. This year's seasonal flu shot incorporates vaccine for H1N1. It's safe, and it's vitally important to get it, write Art Kellermann and Katherine Harris.