Science of Science

  • Tool


    Monitoring Open Science Trends in Europe

    The Open Science Monitor tracks trends in areas that have consistent and reliable data, specifically: open access, open research data, open scholarly communication and citizen science.

    Apr 3, 2017

  • Report


    100 Metrics to Assess and Communicate the Value of Biomedical Research: An Ideas Book

    This report presents 100 ideas for metrics that can be used assess and communicate the value of biomedical research to wider audiences including patients, providers, administrators, and legislators.

    Nov 3, 2016

  • A doctor looking at an image of a human brain on a tablet


    Who's Funding Mental Health Research Worldwide?

    The size and diversity of mental health research is significant, but it remains a loosely defined field in which funders tend not to spell out what counts as mental health. An outline of the current state of mental health research funding worldwide helps to address the huge challenges of mental illness.

    Aug 17, 2016

  • Report


    The National Institute for Health Research at 10 Years: An impact synthesis: 100 Impact Case Studies

    This report celebrates 100 examples of positive change arising from the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)'s support of research over the last 10 years, highlighting how it has transformed R&D in and for the NHS and the people it serves.

    May 18, 2016

  • Group of people discussing research funding


    Why Research Funders Looking for Impact Need to Be 'DECISIVE'

    Funding decisions in the UK direct the flow of billions of pounds of public and philanthropic funding but there is little evidence to suggest how to allocate grants to researchers to increase the chances that the work they support changes lives and improves society. New research helps inform funders' strategies.

    Apr 14, 2016

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Quantifying the Economic Impact of Government and Charity Funding of Medical Research on Private Research and Development Funding in the United Kingdom

    This study estimates the magnitude of the effect of government and charity biomedical and health research expenditure in the United Kingdom (UK), separately and in total, on subsequent private pharmaceutical sector R&D expenditure in the UK.

    Apr 11, 2016

  • Cover image of RR1271


    Project Ecosystem: Mapping the global mental health research funding system

    This study maps the global funding of mental health research between 2009 and 2014. It builds from the bottom up a picture of who the major funders are, what kinds of research they support and how their strategies relate to one another.

    Mar 25, 2016

  • Cover image for RR1132, A 'DECISIVE' approach to research funding


    A 'DECISIVE' Approach to Research Funding

    Eight lessons drawn from a decade's worth of arthritis, cardiovascular, and mental health studies provide a 'DECISIVE' approach to maximize the impact of biomedical and health research funding.

    Jan 21, 2016

  • University students working in a laboratory


    What's Next for REF?

    In 2014, the research of 154 UK universities was evaluated, accounting for the efforts of 52,061 academic staff members. For the first time, the impact that the research had on wider society was part of the assessment. As we approach the next assessment period, there is opportunity for discussion to tweak and refine future measures of impact.

    Jul 8, 2015

  • Group of people discussing research


    Three Cheers for Research Users Engaging in REF 2014

    In the UK, research outputs from universities are assessed every five years to determine future funding allocations from government. In 2014, for the first time, the Research Excellence Framework included an assessment of research impact. Research users played key roles throughout the process.

    Mar 31, 2015

  • Report


    Preparing impact submissions for REF 2014: An evaluation: Findings and observations

    As part of a review of the preparation process for the impact element of the REF 2014 within UK higher education institutions to assess the process and identify future improvements, this report summarises the approach and describes the key findings and observations.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report


    Preparing impact submissions for REF 2014: An evaluation: Approach and Evidence

    As part of a review of the preparation process for the impact element of the REF 2014 within UK higher education institutions to assess the process and identify future improvements, this report provides an in-depth analysis of the gathered data.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • Report


    Assessing impact submissions for REF2014: An evaluation

    A review of the assessment process for the impact element of the REF 2014 within UK higher education institutions to assess the process and identify future improvements.

    Mar 25, 2015

  • reviewing papers


    Peer Review Not the Only Option for Selecting Research Projects to Fund

    Peer review is considered the gold standard for reviewing research proposals, but it is not always the best method for every research funding process. RAND Europe has updated its folio of cards highlighting a set of established approaches that offer unique alternatives to traditional peer review.

    Apr 17, 2013

  • University of Sydney


    How Do Universities Identify and Demonstrate Impact?

    The Australian Technology Network of Universities asked RAND Europe to review the Excellence in Innovation for Australia (EIA) Impact Assessment Trial ('the EIA Trial'), in order to assess how well universities identified and demonstrated impact, as well as how the process could be further improved.

    Mar 27, 2013

  • Scientist conducts research in a lab


    How ImpactFinder Can Aid Universities with the Research Excellence Framework

    Impact now plays a role in the allocation of research funding to UK universities through the Research Excellence Framework (REF), presenting universities with a new challenge: how best to capture research results and construct submissions to the REF. ImpactFinder is an analysis and advice package to help senior research leaders determine how best to identify research with the greatest impact and present it to the REF panels.

    Jan 19, 2012

  • cover image from MG1079


    Understanding the Returns from Cardiovascular and Stroke Research

    Project Retrosight analyzed 29 case studies of cardiovascular and stroke research in Australia, Canada, and the UK, and found that clinical research has greater societal impact over a 15–20 year timescale, while basic research has greater academic impact.

    Mar 6, 2011

  • sun in hands like a chalice


    In Search of the Holy Grail: Understanding Research Success

    A paper on the allocation challenges facing funders in the area mental health research. It provides an overview of research policy in the last 20-25 years and considers what approaches could build an evidence base to support future decisions.

    Mar 30, 2010

  • Mouse and magnifying glass on book


    Examining International Frameworks to Assess the Impact of Research

    To help inform the development of its Research Excellence Framework the Higher Education Funding Council for England asked RAND Europe to review of how different countries evaluate the impact of university research. The RAND Europe study suggested that Australia's case-study approach to impact assessment may be best suited to HEFCE's needs. The report also describes challenges, lessons, and observations from international practice, to help HEFCE develop its framework.

    Jan 15, 2010

  • A scientist looking at a DNA sequence


    Evaluating Grant Peer Review in the Health Sciences: A review of the literature

    This report presents findings from a literature review to evaluate grant peer review in the health sciences. Research for the report was conducted with funding support from the Department of Health (England). The report is available in English only.

    Aug 11, 2009