Empowering those under criminal justice supervision to cease drug use on their own - rather than forcing them into formal treatment against their will - is a policy approach that warrants further evaluation.
Women of reproductive age were more likely to use electronic cigarettes than smoking cessation aids to quit smoking, suggesting an urgent need to understand the potential risks and benefits of e-cigarette use in this population.
Surgeons successfully delivered a brief smoking cessation intervention to patients preparing for peripheral artery disease surgery; initial results suggest the pre-surgery period may be a “teachable moment” for encouraging patients to quit smoking.
Smoking prevention programs may benefit from incorporating a social network-based approach to help youth foster relationships with lower-risk peers; programs should also address other forms of substance use.
Helpful strategies for establishing consistent nicotine patch use include staying motivated to use a nicotine patch, linking patch use to daily routines, and managing expectations of what a patch can do.
Using data from a follow-up sample (N = 491) and a community sample (N = 369) of adult daily and nondaily smokers, we replicated the findings from Edelen et al. (2014a) and examined the correlations of legacy smoking measures with the new item bank scores.
Up to 70% of homeless youth are smokers, smoking more than a half pack of cigarettes a day. Though there is strong demand for smoking-cessation services among this population and a willingness to help among providers, delivering these services remains a challenge.
RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from trials of Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) to provide estimates of its efficacy and safety for treating substance use disorders.