Taiwan

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Taiwan became the primary stronghold of the Republic of China following the Communist party's rise in mainland China in 1949. RAND has analyzed shifts in U.S. diplomatic and military policy toward Taiwan and the People's Republic of China (PRC) over the decades and, in recent years, has examined Taiwan's rapid economic development, gradual political liberalization, and efforts to achieve independence from the PRC.

  • Production line at Eminent Luggage Corp. in Taiwan and a <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ym_People_at_Keelung.jpg">ship at Keelung</a>, Taiwan, photos by Pichi Chuang/Reuters and pete/<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en">CC by 2.0</a>

    Report

    Implications of a Coercive Quarantine of Taiwan by China

    It's possible that China could enact a quarantine of Taiwan, preventing it from sending exports or receiving imports. Quarantine exploits Taiwan's economic vulnerability but also has consequences for the United States and other allies. How might they respond?

    May 23, 2022

  • Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen visits army reservist troops during training in Nanshipu, Taiwan, March 12, 2022, photo by Ann Wang/Reuters

    Commentary

    Ukraine War Is Motivating Taiwan to Better Secure Its Own Future

    Russia's invasion of Ukraine is probably motivating Taiwan to better secure its own future versus China. But many of the challenges currently facing Taiwan, such as shortcomings in reservist training or lingering confusion over its military strategy, are difficult to fix, assuming they are even fixable.

    May 13, 2022

Explore Taiwan

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    Tawian's Foreign and Defense Policies: Features and Determinants

    Taiwan's foreign and defense policies have evolved greatly since the days of Chiang Kai-Shek. Its leaders have created a government based on popular sovereignty rather than Chinese nationalism; adopted pragmatic and creative approaches ...

    Jan 1, 2001

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    Dire Strait? : Military Aspects of the China-Taiwan Confrontation and Options for U.S. Policy

    This report analyzes the steps Taiwan should take to bolster the odds in its favor should a conflict with the mainland occur and describes how the United States can most effectivelycontribute in both peace and crisis.

    Jan 1, 2000

  • Commercial Book

    Commercial Book

    Marketization and Democracy: East Asian Experiences

    Using both a quantitative model and qualitative country studies, this work analyzes the experiences of China, Taiwan, Indonesia, and Korea in moving toward both marketization and democracy.

    Jan 1, 1999

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    Taiwan's National Security, Defense Policy, and Weapons Procurement Processes

    Examines Taiwan's national security decisionmaking structure and process and the primary factors guiding its defense strategy, force structure, and military procurement decisions.

    Jan 1, 1999

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    The 1958 Taiwan Straits Crisis: A Documented History

    Presents a comprehensive and detailed account of the 1958 military action between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China over the offshore island of Quemoy and describes the U.S. role in the crisis.

    Dec 1, 1996

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    China's Taiwan strategy : a point of no return?

    China's Taiwan strategy : a point of no return?

    Jan 1, 1996

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    Long-Term Economic and Military Trends 1994-2015: The United States and Asia

    Key economic and military trends in China, Taiwan, the United States, Japan, Korea, and India will likely indicate the future of Asia's security environment.

    Jan 1, 1995

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    Change in Taiwan and Potential Adversity in the Strait

    For more than 40 years, the China-Taiwan conflict has effectively institutionalized the outcome of China's 1945-49 civil war.

    Jan 1, 1995

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Taiwan on a Tightrope

    Powerful domestic changes have driven Taiwanese leaders to walk a narrow and perilous path between confrontation and conciliation with China.

    Jan 1, 1995

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    The Lessons of East Asian Development and Alternative Development Strategies for Hainan

    Examines the development experiences of South Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong to derive lessons that may aid in designing development strategies relevant to Hainan's policy decisions.

    Jan 1, 1991

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    Long-Term Economic and Military Trends, 1950-2010

    This Note presents estimates of certain key economic and military trends for the period 1950-2010 for 15 countries (the United States, the Soviet Union, Japan, China, West Germany, the United Kingdom, France, India, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, Egypt...

    Jan 1, 1989

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    China and Taiwan in 1988

    Adapted from contributions to the Britannica Book of the Year--1989, this essay presents overviews of the political, social, and economic climates in China and Taiwan in 1988. The reform programs of the Chinese leadership encountered major problems a...

    Jan 1, 1989

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    China and Taiwan in 1987

    This paper is adapted from essays written for the Britannica Book of the Year-1988. In it, the author reviews key political, economic, and foreign policy developments in China and Taiwan during 1987.

    Jan 1, 1988

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    China and Taiwan in 1986

    This paper is adapted from essays written for the Britannica Book of the Year--1987. In it, the author reviews key political, economic, and foreign policy developments in China and Taiwan during 1986. In the case of China, he notes that continuing de...

    Jan 1, 1987

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    China and Taiwan in 1984

    This paper is adapted from essays written for the Britannica Book of the Year--1985. In it, the author reviews key political, economic, and foreign policy developments in China and Taiwan during 1984. In the case of China, he notes its effort to incr...

    Jan 1, 1986

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    China and Taiwan in 1985

    This paper is adapted from essays written for the Britannica Book of the Year--1986. In it, the author reviews key political, economic, and foreign policy developments in China and Taiwan during 1985. In the case of China, he notes its continued purs...

    Jan 1, 1986

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    Taiwan Developments and Their Implications for U.S.-PRC Relations

    This study, based on extensive interviews conducted in Taiwan during August 1983, assesses how people in Taiwan have reacted to their evolving circumstances in recent years and how they view prospects for the future of their island.

    Mar 1, 1984

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    China and Taiwan in 1983

    This paper is adapted from essays that will appear in the Britannica Book of the Year--1984. It discusses domestic affairs, economic affairs, and foreign affairs in China during 1983 and political and economic affairs on the island of Taiwan during 1...

    Jan 1, 1983

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    The sale of FX aircraft to Taiwan

    The Reagan Administration on January 11, 1982, announced its decision to deny the Nationalist Government of China's request for aircraft superior to the F-5E Tiger. Instead, the United States granted permission to the Northrop Corporation to extend ...

    Jan 1, 1982

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    Economic development and the "old" international order

    Addresses the issue of the remarkable record of a small number of less-developed countries (the so-called Newly Industrialized Countries--especially Korea, Brazil, Taiwan, and Singapore) in realizing sustained economic development in the past decade....

    Jan 1, 1980