Teachers and Teaching

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The challenge of transforming underperforming schools and improving student achievement drives RAND's commitment to education. RAND research on teachers and teaching explores a wide range of topics, including instructional practices, technology in the classroom, class size, teacher recruitment and retention, and teacher quality and effectiveness.

  • Report

    Educator Turnover and How Districts Are Addressing It

    Teacher turnover rose to 10 percent nationally at the end of the 2021–2022 school year. Principal turnover also increased, reaching 16 percent going into the 2022–2023 school year. How are states and districts responding to these staff shortages?

    Feb 16, 2023

  • Q&A

    Amplifying Teachers' Voices: Q&A with Ashley Woo

    Ashley Woo, an assistant policy researcher at RAND and a Ph.D. candidate at the Pardee RAND Graduate School, aims to bring teachers' perspectives into policymaking. In this interview, she discusses her research on teachers' responses to state restrictions on how they can address topics related to race and gender in the classroom.

    Mar 16, 2023

Explore Teachers and Teaching

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Day by Day: Investigating Variation in Elementary Mathematics Instruction That Supports the Common Core

    This article investigates the extent to which students were being engaged in complex practices exemplified by Common Core State Standards for Mathematics and the Standards for Mathematical Practice on a daily basis, according to teachers' reports.

    May 15, 2020

  • Report

    Report

    Writing Instruction in U.S. Classrooms: Diverging Perspectives for Teachers Across Content Areas

    This American Educator Panels Data Note provides insights into secondary teachers' perceptions of their preparedness to teach and assess writing skills and their levels of support in the classroom.

    May 14, 2020

  • Boston Public School teacher Princess Bryant teaches her kindergarten class via videoconference from her apartment in Boston, Massachusetts, April 28, 2020, photo by Brian Snyder/Reuters

    Commentary

    Now That Digital Materials Are Front and Center, How Should They Be Used?

    Schools and teachers can support student learning during the COVID-19 crisis by considering how to keep curricula front and center alongside a set of targeted digital materials that connect with curricula and can keep students learning, engaged, and connected to their school support systems.

    May 4, 2020

  • Joseph Wilkinson does schoolwork at his home in Manchester, Britain, March 23, 2020, photo by Phil Noble/Reuters

    Commentary

    Digital Learning Needs to Benefit All Children When Schools Close

    Three factors are essential for any digital learning method. First, it must be inclusive. Second, it should support the learning experience, not replace it. And third, evidence of what works should inform digital learning interventions.

    May 4, 2020

  • Hallways are empty during school closures in an effort to curb the spread of the coronavirus, in Milton-Union Exempted Village School District in West Milton, Ohio, March 13, 2020, photo by Kyle Grillot/Reuters

    Commentary

    Coronavirus Will Necessitate Changes in Schools When They Reopen

    Schools will likely need to modify their practices so that their teachers, staff, and students maintain social distancing standards whenever they reopen. If a federal agency would create guidance, then educators could focus on teaching students.

    Apr 16, 2020

  • A teacher at a desk with a tablet and a laptop, photo by FluxFactory/Getty Images

    Report

    What Digital Materials Do Teachers Use?

    Digital materials for lesson planning and instruction are becoming an increasingly important resource for teachers. A survey of English language arts, mathematics, and science teachers across the United States provides insights on which materials they use and what they consider barriers to use.

    Apr 16, 2020

  • Teachers talking in a school hallway, photo by DGLimages/Getty Images

    Report

    Educators Turn to Colleagues for Help with Struggling Students

    When students have academic or behavioral challenges, educators often consult with another teacher, support staff, principal, or district leader to weigh strategies. When selecting interventions, they consider relevance to local context, rigor of evidence, and feasibility.

    Apr 15, 2020

  • A group of teachers looking at data, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    Report

    Teachers Find Value in National Educator Survey Data

    More than 80 percent of teachers reported that their peers' responses to surveys about topics like social and emotional learning and curriculum would be useful. Those in higher-poverty schools were more likely to report that data on many topics would be useful for improving their instruction.

    Apr 15, 2020

  • A teacher pointing to a textbook helping a student, photo by monkeybusinessimages/Getty Images

    Report

    Teachers Need Access to High-Quality Materials

    When asked about their instructional materials, U.S. mathematics teachers were more likely to report regular use of at least one high-quality material compared to English-language arts teachers, although high school teachers did so less than their elementary or middle school counterparts. More open-access online materials could help.

    Apr 15, 2020

  • Teacher with laptop, photo by contrastwerkstatt/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Teachers' Access to and Use of Student Data Varies

    Using student data to inform instruction is considered sound educational practice. Many teachers have access to grades, attendance records, and standardized test scores. But they don't all have the skills needed to interpret and use the data. Providing educators with more support could increase their use of student data.

    Apr 10, 2020

  • A teacher holding a tablet and talking to a student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Report

    Do Teachers Have What They Need to Support Students with Unique Learning Profiles?

    Many students face unique educational circumstances, such as learning disabilities, housing instability, and exposure to poverty. Do teachers have what they need to help these students succeed?

    Apr 10, 2020

  • A row of lockers in a high school, photo by Monkey Business Images/Getty Images

    Report

    Secondary Educators Consider Discipline Reform a Priority

    One quarter of principals and 31 percent of teachers surveyed identified discipline reform as one of the top three most important interventions needed in their secondary schools. And those in high-poverty schools were more likely than those in low-poverty schools to do so.

    Apr 9, 2020

  • Two female teachers timetable and lesson planning, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    Report

    School Leadership: Teachers and Principals May Have Different Views

    Principals almost universally rate themselves as effective in leadership practices such as communicating a clear vision for the school and setting high standards for teaching. Some teachers rate principals lower, and this mismatch in perception could have negative consequences.

    Apr 9, 2020

  • Principal and teachers in a staff meeting, photo by asiseeit/Getty Images

    Report

    Principals Are More Optimistic Than Teachers About School Improvement Plans

    School improvement plans have been a central feature of American school reform for over two decades. Most educators are familiar with these plans, but principals are more likely than teachers to believe that they change teaching practices and improve schools in a five-year period.

    Apr 8, 2020

  • A teacher trying to resolve a conflict between two elementary students

    Report

    Are Educators Setting Goals for Social-Emotional Learning?

    Evidence shows that social and emotional skills predict long-term life outcomes of students. Interventions that improve social and emotional learning (SEL) can also boost academic achievement. Many teachers and principals are setting goals for SEL growth in their schools, but 40 percent of them are not.

    Apr 7, 2020

  • Teachers standing in hallway filled with students

    Report

    How Much Influence Do Teachers Have? It Depends on Whom You Ask

    Are teachers involved in making important decisions in their schools? A nationally representative survey shows that principals are more likely than teachers to say yes. Such gaps between teachers and school leaders signal a disconnect that may lead to professional stagnation and frustration.

    Apr 7, 2020

  • Teachers talking in a classroom, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    Report

    How Educators View the Rapid Life Cycle of School Reforms

    Researchers and educators have noted the emergence of a school reform

    Apr 7, 2020

  • A sign in front of Bothell High School, which closed in response to the COVID-19 outbreak, reads, 'Wash your hands!!!,' Bothell, Washington State, March 3, 2020, photo by Lindsey Wasson/Reuters

    Commentary

    Navigating College and Career Readiness in a Time of Uncertainty

    How we respond to the COVID-19 pandemic today will likely have longer-term effects. This means that we need to think about people who are actively preparing for that future: high school students looking to enter college and careers.

    Mar 26, 2020

  • Student taking a placement test alongside a teacher, photo by SDI Productions/Getty Images

    Report

    Supporting Students' College and Career Pathways: Teacher and Principal Perspectives

    Schools play a critical role in giving students access to college and career information and resources. What do U.S. high school educators think about the quality and availability of the resources that their schools provide?

    Mar 26, 2020

  • Two adolescent girls at school with a teacher standing nearby, photo by eric/Adobe Stock

    Report

    How Teachers Use Intervention Programs

    Academic intervention programs support students who are performing below grade level. When asked about their use of these programs, U.S. teachers were more likely to report using them in English language arts than in mathematics. Teachers also reported using a wide variety of interventions.

    Mar 19, 2020