Teachers and Teaching


The challenge of transforming underperforming schools and improving student achievement drives RAND's commitment to education. RAND research on teachers and teaching explores a wide range of topics, including instructional practices, technology in the classroom, class size, teacher recruitment and retention, and teacher quality and effectiveness.

  • A Kindergarten teacher cleans and prepares her classroom, from where she will begin the new school year teaching virtually because of the COVID-19 pandemic, in Boston, Massachusetts, September 18, 2020, photo by Brian Snyder/Reuters


    Stress Topped the Reasons Why Teachers Quit, Even Before COVID-19

    Feb 22, 2021

    Stress was the most common reason teachers cited for leaving the profession, both before and during the pandemic. Most former teachers went on to take jobs for less or equal pay, with many taking jobs with no health insurance or retirement benefits.

  • Pro-Trump supporters hold flags as they gather at the U.S. Capitol in Washington, DC, January 6, 2021, photo by Jonathan Ernst/Reuters


    Giving Teachers the Tools They Need to Provide 21st-Century Civic Education

    Feb 23, 2021

    The Capitol attack has rightly led to many calls for teachers to address civic education in a much more robust way in their classrooms. However, a national survey of social studies teachers suggests that teachers lack the critical training and incentives to do so.

Explore Teachers and Teaching

  • Two teachers receiving advice, photo by julief514/Getty Images

    Research Brief

    Results from the Intensive Partnerships for Effective Teaching Initiative

    A multiyear effort aimed at increasing students' access to effective teaching failed to achieve its goals for improved student achievement and graduation. However, the participating school districts and charter management organizations did implement better measures of teaching effectiveness.

    Feb 11, 2019

  • Blog

    Korea, Climate, AI in the Classroom: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on four problems on the Korean Peninsula, triaging climate change, using artificial intelligence in the classroom, and more.

    Jan 25, 2019

  • Teacher using tablet computer in elementary school lesson


    Artificial Intelligence Applications to Support Teachers

    Artificial intelligence could support teachers rather than replace them. But before the promise of AI in the classroom can be realized, risks and technical challenges must be addressed.

    Jan 23, 2019

  • Blog

    Refugees, Brexit, Cannabis: RAND Weekly Recap

    This weekly recap focuses on how Syrian refugees can contribute to local economies, prospects for Brexit, marijuana legalization, and more.

    Dec 14, 2018

  • Report


    AEP Data Note Technical Appendix

    This technical appendix provides additional information about the sample, data, and estimation strategy that were used for a series of AEP Data Notes published by the RAND Corporation in 2018 and 2019.

    Dec 13, 2018

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    Considerations for Implementing the TNTP Core Rubric

    RAND researchers assessed whether the TNTP Core Teaching Rubric produces scores that are representative of teachers' overall instructional practices and whether raters' content expertise influences scores on TNTP Core.

    Nov 7, 2018

  • Report


    Validation Study of the TNTP Core Teaching Rubric

    RAND researchers assess whether the TNTP Core Teaching Rubric produces scores that are representative of teachers' overall instructional practices and whether raters' content expertise influences scores on TNTP Core.

    Nov 7, 2018

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    What Teachers Know and Do in the Common Core Era: Findings from the 2015–2017 American Teacher Panel

    This brief describes work derived from five reports in RAND Education, which summarize some changes in what teachers know about Common Core standards and what they do in the classroom, based on RAND American Teacher Panel surveys.

    Oct 2, 2018

  • Research Brief

    Research Brief

    How Do Teachers Perceive Feedback and Evaluation Systems? Findings from the American Teacher Panel

    Most teachers surveyed reported receiving useful feedback, although the majority perceived feedback from fellow teachers and from coaches or mentors more positively than feedback from formal observations or from school leaders.

    Sep 28, 2018

  • Teacher grading homework at laptop in classroom


    What Teachers Know and Do in the Common Core Era

    Have Common Core State Standards changed what teachers think and do? Survey findings suggest that states must do more to support teachers' knowledge about standards and standards-aligned practices. Online venues may be a good way to provide such support.

    Sep 27, 2018

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Teaching, Pedagogy and Practice in Early Years Childcare: An Evidence Review

    This report is a review of teaching and practice in childcare settings. It identifies areas of early years childcare practice that are well evidenced and provides an accessible overview of the research for policymakers and practitioners.

    Aug 15, 2018

  • Math teacher and elementary students writing on a whiteboard


    How Well Do Math Teachers Follow Common Core State Standards?

    Teachers are eager to engage their students in Common Core State Standards for mathematics if they have the knowledge and tools they need to do so. They need access to high-quality instructional materials and help in distinguishing whether these materials are aligned with the standards.

    Aug 9, 2018

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Examens de l'OCDE du cadre d'évaluation de l'éducation : Maroc: OECD Reviews of Evaluation Framework Education: Morocco

    This report features RAND Europe analysis of the strengths and challenges in Morocco's current approach for teacher appraisal, and provides actionable policy recommendations and advice for implementing improvements.

    Jul 23, 2018

  • A teacher, coach, and principal talking in a school hallway


    How Do Teachers Respond to Feedback?

    Education leaders across the United States have revised their policies in an effort to enhance the quality of teacher evaluation measures and instructional practices. A unique survey asked teachers about their perceptions of the feedback they receive and the evaluation systems at their schools.

    Jul 9, 2018

  • Young man writing on a whiteboard while students look on


    The American Educator Panels

    The American Educator Panels, made up of the American Teacher Panel and the American School Leader Panel, report on educators' evolving knowledge, attitudes, practices, and working conditions.

    Jul 3, 2018

  • Periodical


    RAND Review: July-August 2018

    This issue spotlights RAND's Gun Policy in America initiative and RAND's evaluation of Housing for Health, a Los Angeles County program that has moved some of its most chronically homeless and vulnerable residents into permanent housing.

    Jul 2, 2018

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    Impacts of the Intensive Partnerships Initiative

    The Intensive Partnerships for Effective Teaching initiative enhanced how teachers are evaluated and improved teacher staffing policies. But it did not lead to gains in student achievement or graduation rates.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • News Release

    News Release

    Opening School-Based Health Clinics Can Lower Teacher Health Costs

    Opening onsite health clinics to provide comprehensive primary care to teachers and their families can lower a school district’s health care costs and decrease teacher absenteeism.

    Jun 20, 2018

  • Seen from behind, a woman holding hands with her daughter on a city sidewalk


    Will School Renovations Impact Students, Teachers, and Communities?

    Baltimore will renovate or replace more than two dozen public school buildings. How could these changes affect students, school staff, school conditions, and the surrounding community?

    May 23, 2018

  • Lesson in school


    How Schools Could Support Teachers' Implementation of State Standards

    Most states have adopted more rigorous college and career readiness standards in the past decade. How do schools support teachers' implementation of these standards? School leaders need more training and support to better understand content and approaches aligned with their state standards.

    May 3, 2018