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  • Capt. Sarah Miller and Tech. Sgt. Carrol Brewster discuss options in response to a staged cyber attack during filming of a scene for an AFRC mission video at Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas, June 1, 2019, photo by Maj. Christopher Vasquez/U.S. Air Force

    Report

    Combating Foreign Disinformation on Social Media

    Jul 19, 2021

    Disinformation campaigns on social media pose a nuanced threat. But much of the U.S. response remains ad hoc and uncoordinated. It's unclear who has the edge moving forward, because disinformation techniques and countermeasures are evolving simultaneously.

  • SpaceX Starlink mission, <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/spacex/47926144123/">photo</a> by SpaceX/ <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.0/">CC BY 2.0</a>

    Commentary

    Satellite Internet Services—Fostering the Dictator's Dilemma?

    Apr 12, 2021

    The ability to provide relatively low cost internet access outside of government control is both a challenge for authoritarian states and an opportunity for democracies. What are low-altitude, low-latency satellites and why are authoritarian states so concerned?

Explore The Internet

  • U.S. sailors assigned to Navy Cyber Defense Operations Command monitor, analyze, detect, and respond to unauthorized activity within U.S. Navy information systems and networks

    Commentary

    The Online Fight Against ISIS

    To prevail against ISIS in cyberspace, the United States and its cyber soldiers will have to be capable of reacting quickly, while being guided by an overarching strategy. Secretary of Defense Carter urged U.S. Cyber Command to intensify the fight against ISIS but it would also be wise to recruit civilian volunteers.

    Apr 1, 2016

  • U.S. President Barack Obama shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping at the start of the climate summit in Paris, November 30, 2015

    Report

    Getting to Yes with China in Cyberspace

    The tensions that divide the United States and China apply just as much to cyberspace as to relations in the physical world. Can the two countries achieve meaningful outcomes through formal negotiations over cyber norms and rules?

    Mar 22, 2016

  • Report

    Report

    Evaluation of CalMHSA Student Mental Health Online Resources

    Analysis of visitors to CalMHSA-funded student mental health websites shows that visitors at educational institutions comprised the largest audience segment and promotional campaigns likely increased traffic.

    Mar 14, 2016

  • Women gather by a memorial for the victims of the March 11, 2004 train bombings at Atocha station, in Madrid

    Commentary

    Fighting Terrorism and Radicalisation in Europe

    Since the terrorist attack in Madrid 12 years ago, the threat of terrorism has not diminished. But counter-terrorism efforts have become more sophisticated across Europe, taking aim at the root causes of terrorism before actual attacks take place.

    Mar 11, 2016

  • A fish-eye view of a rack of computers

    Report

    Using Big Data to Identify the Concerns of Potential Army Recruits

    How has interest in military careers evolved over time and by geographic location? And what are potential recruits' biggest concerns related to the Army? Anonymous data from Internet searches can provide insight.

    Mar 9, 2016

  • Three young people on smartphones

    Report

    Attitudes Toward Local and National Government Expressed Over Chinese Social Media

    How can social media provide perspective on how the Chinese public feels about domestic political issues, such as the environment, food safety, and local versus national government?

    Mar 4, 2016

  • Pieces of an iPhone are seen on a repair store counter in New York City, February 17, 2016

    Commentary

    The Cost of Security in the iPhone Era

    As the security on the iPhone better protects users from criminals, it also excels at keeping law enforcement from accessing the data. The dispute between the FBI and Apple over unlocking the iPhone of one of the San Bernardino attackers continues but the real debate is about whether society wants legislation that weakens iPhone security for law enforcement.

    Feb 26, 2016

  • Cybersecurity "leak"

    Multimedia

    Emerging Cyber Threats and Implications

    Cyberspace is expanding, becoming more vulnerable, and hosting increasingly vast amounts of data. Compounding this challenge is the growing number of bad actors seeking to exploit cyberspace. What steps can be taken to help mitigate emerging threats and improve U.S. cybersecurity?

    Feb 25, 2016

  • Group of friends holding their smart phones

    Commentary

    How You Can Be Cybersecurity's Strongest Asset

    Technology is thoroughly embedded within the average person's life but security is not emphasized to the general user. Teaching the importance of security early on and continually bringing awareness to the public could help temper technology-based attacks.

    Feb 18, 2016

  • Man using a laptop and drinking tea

    Commentary

    How Willing Are People to Allow Access to Their Internet Browsing History If It Helps National Security?

    A survey of over 26,000 citizens across the EU found that even in the event of a national emergency or limiting access of individuals' Internet usage to law enforcement agencies, there was still a strong aversion to information being stored or accessed.

    Feb 15, 2016

  • Department of Homeland Security researchers work at the Idaho National Laboratory in Idaho Falls, April 28, 2010

    Tool

    A Framework for Programming and Budgeting for Cybersecurity

    When defending an organization, cybersecurity professionals must choose from a large set of defensive measures while operating with a limited set of resources. What is the menu of actions for defending against an attack? And how can defenders navigate the selection process?

    Jan 20, 2016

  • Closeup of a hand using a digital tablet

    Commentary

    Following Online Footprints to Catch Terrorists

    Millions of people leave behind online footprints each day, giving law enforcement and intelligence experts the chance to construct a profile of who is more likely to commit violence in the name of a murderous ideology.

    Dec 28, 2015

  • Journal Article

    Journal Article

    Cloud-Trust—a Security Assessment Model for Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Clouds

    The vulnerability of Cloud Computing Systems (CCSs) to Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs) is a significant concern to government and industry.

    Dec 23, 2015

  • Financial system representation

    Report

    The National Security Implications of Virtual Currency

    Could a non-state actor deploy a virtual currency to disrupt sovereignty and increase its political or economic power? How might a government or organization successfully disrupt such a deployment?

    Dec 16, 2015

  • Protesters from the online activist group Anonymous

    Commentary

    Anonymous vs. ISIS: Wishing the Vigilante Hackers Luck Against the Murderous Jihadists

    While ISIL uses the Internet to recruit fighters and incite violence, the Anonymous counter initiative could lower the volume of the online echo chamber, and yield support for the war against ISIL and its extremist ilk.

    Dec 14, 2015

  • Smart phone in woman's hand.

    Report

    Electronic Surveillance of Mobile Devices for Law Enforcement

    Mobile phones collect and retain enormous amounts of information that can be useful in criminal investigations. However, state and local law enforcement face substantial challenges when accessing these data.

    Dec 10, 2015

  • Close-up view on white conceptual keyboard - European Union (key with flag)

    Report

    Exploring Cybersecurity Threats and Policy Responses in the EU and Beyond

    Existing cybersecurity measures in the EU are fragmented, largely due to gaps in operational capabilities as well as strategic priorities of Member States. However, there are many policy options that may improve the EU's overall cybersecurity approach.

    Nov 18, 2015

  • A U.S. Air Force airman works at the 561st Network Operations Squadron, which executes defensive cyber operations

    Commentary

    The Two Sides of Cybersecurity

    Securing government networks is certainly necessary, but authorities should not lose sight of the need to couple their defense of America's networks with appropriate resources dedicated to combatting criminal, terrorist, and other threats in cyberspace.

    Nov 13, 2015

  • Malware phishing data concept

    Q&A

    Social Engineering Explained: The Human Element in Cyberattacks

    The human element is the most unpredictable factor in cybersecurity. A social engineer aims to make people do what they want or give the social engineer information, often without the person considering the negative consequences.

    Oct 20, 2015

  • U.S. President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping shake hands following a joint news conference in the Rose Garden at the White House in Washington September 25, 2015

    Commentary

    Define Acceptable Cyberspace Behavior

    While a U.S.-China cyberspace agreement is a welcome step, it also underscores the greater issues facing the United States and the international community in this largely ungoverned space. A precondition for securing U.S. networks should be the development of an overarching cyber doctrine that defines acceptable behavior and allows the U.S. to defend its networks against threats.

    Sep 27, 2015