As many as 70 percent of young people experiencing homelessness smoke cigarettes, and most use other tobacco products such as little cigars/cigarillos, e-cigarettes, and hookahs. What programs might help them quit?
More-popular middle school students are more likely to be cigarette smokers, drinkers, and marijuana users, as well as past-month drinkers, suggesting that popularity is a risk factor for substance abuse.
In order to inform the European Commission's formal Impact Assessment for a revision to the Tobacco Products Directive, this study provides an overview of evidence for tobacco product regulation and an analysis of health and economic implications.
Previously abstinent smokers who lapse are at risk for increased cigarette cravings and full-blown relapse. The findings have implications for cognitive–behavioral treatments to prevent relapse and medications to help smokers manage cravings.
Clinicians are more likely to treat symptoms of nicotine withdrawal when smoking is restricted. Hospitals should monitor prescriptions for nicotine replacement therapies to ensure high quality patient care.
We assessed the effect of Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) spending on smoking disparities in Arkansas, which distinguished itself from other states by investing all of its MSA funds in health-related programs.
Nudging has captured the imagination of the public, researchers, and policy makers as a way of changing human behaviour, with both the UK and US governments embracing it. Theresa Marteau and colleagues ask whether the concept stands up to scientific scrutiny.
College students were exposed to protobacco marketing through multiple channels in a relatively short period: Exposures occurred primarily in the afternoon (42%), on weekends (35%), and at point-of-purchase locations (68%) or in movies/TV (20%), and exposures to Marlboro, Newport, and Camel represented 56% of all exposures combined and 70% of branded exposure.
A survey of students conducted by RAND Health researchers at 16 California middle schools shows Hispanic kids are more likely to smoke, drink, or use marijuana than their peers in other ethnic or racial groups.
This article examines how friendship networks in adolescence are linked to tobacco use trajectories through a combination of analytic techniques that traditionally are located in separate literatures: social network analysis and developmental trajectory analysis.
Studies the social structures and dynamics of human networks: how peers at the micro level and physical environments at the macro level interact with the individual preferences and attributes and shape social dynamics.
We review the past literature on trends in disability and other health indicators and then estimate the most recent trends in biomarkers and limitations for both the population aged 65 and older and those aged 40 to 64, the future elderly.
This study found that abstinence from all substance use for 12 months among a sample of 13-17 year olds was associated with positive long-term educational and economic outcomes relative to use of any substance.