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  • Members of the Iowa National Guard load vehicles during railhead operations at Camp Shelby, Miss., photo by Sean Taylor/U.S. Army

    Report

    Weighing the Trade-Offs of U.S. Military Interventions

    Dec 13, 2021

    Military interventions can be effective at advancing U.S. interests in some contexts and situations. But they can have the opposite effect in other cases, creating long-term entanglements and increasing economic and strategic costs without realizing U.S. objectives.

  • Spc. Kiana Malbas, an automated logistical specialist, performs a two-mile run during a diagnostic Army Combat Fitness Test in Los Angeles, California, July 17, 2021, photo by SFC Christopher Oposnow/U.S. Army

    Report

    Evidence to Support New Army Combat Fitness Test Is Incomplete

    Mar 23, 2022

    The U.S. Army has a new fitness test for the first time in 40 years. A review finds that more evidence is needed to prove that all six test events adequately predict performance on combat tasks and that combat standards are a necessary metric for all Army jobs. Women, National Guard troops, and others are passing the test at lower rates.

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  • U.S. Army personnel with members of the Special Rescue Unit, Bureau of Fire Protection, National Capital Protection at Camp Aguinaldo, Manila, Philippines

    Report

    Assessing, Monitoring, and Evaluating Army Security Cooperation: A Framework for Implementation

    To help the Army increase the effectiveness of its security cooperation activities, this report examines when Army security cooperation can have the greatest impact, and how the Army should assess, monitor, and evaluate security cooperation.

    Jul 24, 2018

  • An officer walking his children to school and daycare on Bike and Walk to School and Work Day at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, May 4, 2016

    Report

    Army Soldier and Family Needs Vary Across Bases

    The Army has many programs to help soldiers and their families cope with military life. But do these programs address their most pressing needs? An analysis of survey data, interviews, and focus groups from 13 garrisons provides local-level insight into soldier and family issues and needs, as well as the resources they use.

    Jul 24, 2018

  • Report

    Report

    Resources Required to Meet the U.S. Army's Enlisted Recruiting Requirements Under Alternative Recruiting Goals, Conditions, and Eligibility Policies

    The project sought to enhance efficient use of Army recruiting resources and policies by optimizing required resource levels and mix to support recruiting under varying recruiting requirements and environments and recruit eligibility policies.

    Jul 12, 2018

  • Report

    Report

    Prospective Outcome Assessment for Alternative Recruit Selection Policies

    To help the Army select recruits more likely to complete their first term and avoid adverse outcomes, this report describes a tool that estimates how changes in a variety of recruit characteristics affect first-term outcomes and costs to the Army.

    Jul 6, 2018

  • Infographic

    Infographic

    Are They Living Healthy? How Well Are Soldiers Taking Care of Themselves

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health, health-related behaviors, and well-being of active-duty service members. This infographic reports key findings across the Army.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • Infographic

    Infographic

    Are They Living Healthy? How Well Are Service Members Taking Care of Themselves

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey sought information on the health, health-related behaviors, and well-being of active-duty service members. This infographic reports key findings across the Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, Navy, and Coast Guard.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • Cmdr. Jennifer Wallinger, a dietitian at Naval Hospital Jacksonville, recommends healthy food and beverage choices to a patient, December 9, 2016

    Report

    How Healthy Are U.S. Service Members?

    The DoD's Health Related Behaviors Survey asks about health and well-being issues that can affect force readiness. Results from the 2015 survey suggest that certain groups of service members warrant targeted intervention to prevent negative health outcomes and improve behaviors.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • A hand holding contraceptive pills

    Research Brief

    Sexual Behavior and Health Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey asked active-duty service members about risky sexual practices, contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy, and HIV testing. Levels of sexual risk behaviors across the services may be great enough to increase the potential for rapid spread of HIV and other STIs.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • A runner from the 405th Army Field Support Brigade

    Research Brief

    Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey asked active-duty service members about physical activity, weight status, routine medical care, alternative medicine, sleep, supplements and energy drinks, and texting while driving.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • A marine with a stress ball

    Research Brief

    Mental and Emotional Health Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey asked active-duty service members about mental health indicators, social and emotional factors associated with mental health, sexual assault and physical abuse history, non-suicidal self-injury, suicidality, and use of mental health services.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • U.S. Airmen play basketball at Shaw Air Force Base

    Research Brief

    Findings of the Health Related Behaviors Survey

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey collected information on the health, health-related behaviors, and well-being of active-duty service members. A summary lists the key findings by topic, such as substance use or mental health, and describes policy implications.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • A military couple holds hands

    Research Brief

    Sexual Orientation, Transgender Identity, and Health Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey provides the first direct estimate of the percentage of service personnel who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT). Results from the survey made possible a comparison of various health behaviors and outcomes among LGBT and non-LGBT service members.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • A simulated sobriety test

    Research Brief

    Substance Use Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey asked active-duty service members about their use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit and prescription drugs. Cigarette smoking in the military has decreased over the past decade, but rates of binge drinking are still high enough to cause concern.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • Physical therapy

    Research Brief

    Physical Health and Functional Limitations Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey asked active-duty service members about chronic medical conditions, such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels; physical symptoms, such as back or joint pain; and health-related functional limitations at work or at home.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • U.S. Marines and Sailors with the 26th Marine Expeditionary Unit

    Research Brief

    Deployment Experiences and Health Among U.S. Active-Duty Service Members

    The 2015 Health Related Behaviors Survey asked active-duty service members about the frequency and duration of deployments, their levels of exposure to combat-related experiences, the prevalence of deployment-related injuries and substance use, and deployment-related mental and physical health.

    Jun 21, 2018

  • Members of Battle Group Poland stage their vehicles upon arriving at the city of Suwalki, Poland, during an exercise to enhance NATO throughout the Baltic region and Poland, June 17, 2017

    Report

    The Russian Challenge: Deterring Aggression in the Baltics

    The risk of Russian aggression in the Baltics can no longer be ignored. To successfully deter Moscow, the United States and its European allies should invest in NATO's ability to defend its eastern boundary.

    Jun 4, 2018

  • New Army recruits

    Report

    Who Joins the Army, and Why?

    The U.S. Army wants to improve its understanding of soldiers' motivations to enlist, and how the reality of Army life matches up with expectations. Interviews with soldiers ranked E-1 to E-4 offer a rich portrayal of life as a private.

    May 14, 2018

  • 2nd Lt. Peter Sprenger receives his second lieutenant bars from Gen. David Petraeus and his father, Nov. 19, 2009, U.S. Army Photo

    Report

    Malleability and Measurement of Army Leader Attributes: Personnel Development in the U.S. Army

    This review addresses the degree to which leader characteristics associated with attributes in the Army Leader Requirements Model can be developed through training and education and identifies approaches to measuring those characteristics.

    Apr 12, 2018

  • U.S. Army soldiers in an exercise on Udari Range Complex near Camp Buehring, Kuwait, that better prepares them to certify for future deployments, November 2017

    Report

    How Does Deployment Experience Compare Across the Services?

    Deployments are a key aspect of U.S. military service. Since 9/11, 2.77 million service members have served on 5.4 million deployments. Accrued time deployed is a relevant metric for measuring military experience, but also for measuring service member and family well-being.

    Mar 6, 2018

  • Brochure

    Brochure

    Preparing for Major Challenges to National Security: Arroyo Center 2016-2017

    RAND Arroyo Center prepared this report for the U.S. Army to summarize four major threats to national security -- those represented by Russia, North Korea, the Middle East, and China.

    Mar 2, 2018