Jan 14, 2020
Publications from Community Health and Environmental Policy
Still HOPEful: Reconsidering a "Failed" Replication of a Swift, Certain, and Fair Approach to Reducing Substance Use Among Individuals Under Criminal Justice Supervision 2020
Combined with other studies of “swift-certain-fair”-style interventions, the HOPE replication further strengthens the conclusion that these methods reduce substance use among people under criminal justice supervision.
This report provides an initial assessment of the possible short-term economy-wide effects of social distancing. These results should be taken as rough order-of-magnitude estimates meant to help inform decisionmakers during the coronavirus disease 2019 crisis.
The Health and Economic Impacts of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions to Address COVID-19: A Decision Support Tool for State and Local Policymakers 2020
There is an urgent need for an assessment of public health interventions to address coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and determine when to relax them. This document describes the COVID-19 Decision Support Tool, which is designed to fill that need.
The Mediating Role of Perceived Crime in Gender and Built Environment Associations with Park Use and Park-Based Physical Activity Among Park Users in High Poverty Neighborhoods 2020
This study conducted mediation analyses to examine the effects of gender and presence of park walking path on park use, participation in park programs, and park-based physical activity through the hypothesized mediator (perception of crime).
Gearing Up for PrEP in the Middle East and North Africa: An Initial Look at Willingness to Take PrEP Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in Beirut, Lebanon 2020
These findings delineate a need and opportunity for public health researchers to work with Ministries of Health and policy makers to extend pre-exposure prophylaxis coverage and services to young men who have sex with men.
Awareness, Risk Perception, and Protective Behaviors for Extreme Heat and Climate Change in New York City 2020
This study demonstrates that non-Hispanic black individuals are more likely to lack access to air conditioning, and with the finding that people with low household incomes are more likely to lack access, may explain disparities in heat-related morbidity and mortality.
Vulnerability to the Cardiovascular Effects of Ambient Heat in Six U.S. Cities: Results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) 2020
In a changing climate with extreme heat events, it is important to understand the mechanisms by which heat affects health and who is vulnerable. This knowledge will allow better targeting of assistance and interventions, which could help people adapt.
Association Between Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Change in Quantitatively Assessed Emphysema and Lung Function 2020
Long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants, especially O3, was significantly associated with increasing emphysema assessed quantitatively using CT imaging and with worsening lung function.