Sep 18, 2019
Publications from Community Health and Environmental Policy
United States–Japan Research Exchange on Artificial Intelligence: Proceedings from a Pair of Conferences on the Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Work, Health, and Data Privacy and on Disaster Prediction, Resilience, and Recovery 2020
The RAND Corporation convened a pair of public conferences that brought together leading U.S. and Japanese experts on work, health, and data security and on international affairs, disaster response, and disaster modeling to exchange views on artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies. This report captures insights from the two conferences and is built around the papers that conference presenters submitted.
Improved Street Walkability, Incivilities, and Esthetics Are Associated with Greater Park Use in Two Low-Income Neighborhoods 2020
Improved walkability, incivilities, and aesthetics surrounding parks in socioeconomically disadvantaged neighborhoods were associated with greater park use and may help increase visits to underutilized parks.
Effects of Opting-Out from Federal Nurse Anesthetists' Supervision Requirements on Anesthesiologist Work Patterns 2020
In response to California opting out of a supervision requirement for CRNAs, anesthesiologists' did not change time spent working, or time spent supervising CRNAs. They did decrease direct care clinical work hours and worked more in intraoperative care and less in postoperative care.
The Benefits and Costs of Decarbonizing Costa Rica's Economy: Informing the Implementation of Costa Rica's National Decarbonization Plan Under Uncertainty 2020
Costa Rica's National Decarbonization Plan sets the ambitious goal for the country to become carbon-neutral by 2050. The authors of this report applied a novel methodology for planning under deep uncertainty to evaluate whether the benefits of the plan exceed its costs. They find that under the vast majority of plausible assumptions about the future, the plan would achieve or nearly achieve its goals and do so at a net economic benefit.
Several public cord blood banks are struggling financially, and the question remains whether additional allocations of funds to them are justified. This article estimates the social benefits of public cord blood bank inventory net of cord blood banks' operational costs.
The Use of and Experiences With Telelactation Among Rural Breastfeeding Mothers: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial 2020
The objective of this study was to identify maternal characteristics associated with the demand for and use of telelactation and to describe visit characteristics.
Association of Scheduled vs Emergency-Only Dialysis With Health Outcomes and Costs in Undocumented Immigrants With End-stage Renal Disease 2020
This article examines the association of scheduled vs emergency-only hemodialysis with health care outcomes and costs in undocumented immigrants with end-stage renal disease.
To assess predictors of utilization and telelactation visit characteristics, we merged and analyzed data from two sources: visit-level data supplied by the telelactation vendor and longitudinal surveys of women in the intervention group at four timepoints.