Jan 28, 2020
Publications from Community Health and Environmental Policy
When Financial Incentives Backfire: Evidence from a Community Health Worker Experiment in Uganda 2020
Despite stronger financial incentives for community health workers, the entrepreneurial model led to substantially less effort (fewer household visits) than the free delivery model. Our results call into question the notion that an entrepreneurial model necessarily increases community health worker effort relative to free distribution.
Examines the effects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on landings, revenues, and effort in the commercial blue crab fishery.
Children with in utero opioid exposure had a predicted probability of being diagnosed with a pediatric complex chronic condition similar to that among children with tobacco exposure and those with neither exposure (20.4%,18.7%, and 20.2%, respectively). Our findings were consistent when we examined a subgroup of opioid-exposed children identified as having neonatal opioid withdrawal symptoms.
U.S. Airport Infrastructure Funding and Financing: Issues and Policy Options Pursuant to Section 122 of the 2018 Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization Act 2020
Passenger air travel is at an all-time high. A key question for Congress is whether current levels of spending will be sufficient under existing federal policies to enable commercial service airports to make appropriate and timely infrastructure investments to meet future demand. This report contains a comprehensive review of the role of the federal government in airport infrastructure funding and financing.
U.S. Airport Infrastructure Funding and Financing: Issues and Policy Options Pursuant to Section 122 of the 2018 Federal Aviation Administration Reauthorization Act: Executive Summary 2020
Section 122 of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization Act of 2018 directed the FAA to contract with an independent research organization to address questions and provide recommendations related to infrastructure funding and financing at commercial service airports. This executive summary presents the full report's core findings, recommendations, and answers to the questions listed in Section 122.
Selecting and Evaluating Case Studies of the Economic Benefits of Research and Services at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health: Case Studies on Personal Dust Monitors for Coal Miners, Improved Ambulance Design, and Amputation Surveillance 2020
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health must prioritize its investments in workplace safety and health to make the best use of available funding. However, a number of challenges impede understanding of the benefits associated with research activities. The authors define a process for selecting case studies of the economic benefits of the agency's research and services and evaluate benefits associated with three selected cases.
Sexual Violence in Childhood and Post-Childhood: The Experiences of Young Men Who Have Sex With Men in Beirut 2019
We examined the prevalence of childhood and post-childhood experiences of sexual violence, and how they are correlated with each other as well as with measures of mental health, substance use, sexual behavior, and sexuality-related discrimination.
Amid a growing global forced displacement crisis, refugees and the organizations that assist them have turned to technology as an important resource in solving problems in humanitarian settings. This report analyzes technology uses, needs, and gaps, as well as opportunities for better using technology to help displaced people and improving the operations of responding agencies.