Jul 30, 2020
Publications from Community Health and Environmental Policy
Systematic Review of the Emerging Literature on the Effectiveness of Naloxone Access Laws in the United States 2020
The existing literature on naloxone access laws in the United States supports beneficial effects for increased naloxone distribution, but provides inconclusive evidence for reduced fatal opioid overdose.
How Smart Cities Could Improve Open Data Portals to Empower Local Residents and Businesses: A Case Study of the City of Los Angeles and COVID-19 2020
The disclosure of timely and accurate information can promote bottom-up problem-solving and adherence to coronavirus disease 2019 crisis-management policies. Open data portals could allow community members access to the most up-to-date information. In this Perspective, researchers use Los Angeles's open data portal to develop generalizable strategies that city leaders could adopt to improve the utility of their open data portals.
Practitioner Approaches to Measuring Community Resilience: The Analysis of the Resilience of Communities to Disasters Toolkit 2020
In this article, we present the Analysis of the Resilience of Communities to Disasters (ARC-D) toolkit, a practical toolkit developed by an international aid organization, GOAL, over the course of a decade of practice.
Any institution-from workplaces to schools to correctional settings to law enforcement agencies-seeking to prevent suicide must take a comprehensive approach. Science suggests that there are five components that define what such an approach looks like.
Estimates the impact of COVID-19 and the likelihood of firm defaults, the potential for firm exits, and average firm default probabilities.
The authors of this report provide a framework for assessing a model's suitability to address policy questions regarding the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The authors suggest assessment criteria for early-stage and late-stage models that consider the effects of the pandemic on behavior, policy, health outcomes, and the economy, informed by a review of available models and the relevant literature.
Building Community Resilience to Large Oil Spills: Findings and Recommendations from a Synthesis of Research on the Mental Health, Economic, and Community Distress Associated with the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill 2020
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill was the largest in U.S. history, releasing an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. In this report, the authors explore how communities, government officials, nongovernmental organizations, businesses, and scientists can build community resilience to large oil spills.
This seasonal climate summary draws from a variety of scientific resources for the benefit of policymakers, practitioners, residents, and community leaders in the Mid-Atlantic region, with a focus on the Chesapeake Bay watershed. This edition includes details on spring 2020 weather, regional climate trends, and the upcoming summer 2020 season. An interactive tool shows historic and projected changes in the timing of spring temperatures.