The employment of illegal aliens is a crime in the United States, and federal law provides for forfeiture of the proceeds from this offense. This report presents an economic model, and describes a software program based on the model, that can be used by law enforcement officials to estimate what portion of a firm's profits are attributable to the employment of undocumented workers.
Institute for Civil Justice Publications
The RAND Institute for Civil Justice uses empirical and objective research methods to search out the root causes of system problems and identify the best fixes. We find common ground among adversaries, and interpret findings for policymakers. Our work aims to make the system more efficient and equitable for all, protecting society from the economic and social costs of a system that could become arbitrary and capricious.
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Using data from inpatient hospitalizations surrounding a 2003 Colorado auto insurance reform, tests the model of behavior that predicts physicians may respond dysfunctionally to financial incentives by recommending unnecessary treatment.
Examines whether drivers under no-fault insurance causes more accidents.
While a class action such as one brought under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure Rule 23 is certainly the most well-known mechanism for aggregating large numbers of similar claims, other approaches include mass joinder of parties, mass consolidation of separate cases, or multidistrict litigation transfer of federal cases from across the country into a single action for pretrial processing; corporate reorganizations under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code; large-scale inventories of clients controlled by a single attorney; government-initiated enforcement actions; and private attorneys general litigation brought on behalf of the general public.
It will be particularly important for autonomous vehicle technology standards-unlike standards for most other automotive technologies-to specify precise environmental conditions under which compliance must be met and tested, include performance standards and tests under a wide range of environmental conditions, and take into account how diverse populations of drivers might use the technologies.
Discusses the development of corporate governance institutions in China, including obstacles to the future outlook for Chinese corporate governance.
Mandatory Workplace Safety and Health Programs: Implementation, Effectiveness, and Benefit-Cost Trade-Offs 2008
In 1998, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) began developing a standard that would have required all workplaces to establish a safety and health program. By 1999, it had abandoned its rulemaking process, partly due to intense criticism of the proposed standard. This report assesses the standard and studies of its potential effects, concluding with recommendations should federal or state authorities revisit the initiative.
Occupational Safety and Health for Public Safety Employees: Assessing the Evidence and the Implications for Public Policy 2008
Police officers, firefighters, and other public safety workers face exceptionally high rates of injury and fatality relative to the general workforce. This document provides an analysis of the risk factors associated with different aspects of public safety occupations, to help policymakers in their efforts to improve the health and safety of these employees.
As China has aligned itself more closely with the international economy, it has also sought to adopt more Western-style corporate governance mechanisms. This report provides an overview of overview of corporate governance mechanisms in China, as well as an examination of continuing challenges and policy implications.
Understanding Mass Tort Defendant Incentives for Confidential Settlements: Lessons from Bayer's Cerivastatin Litigation Strategy 2008
Explores mass tort defendant incentives for confidential settlements using Bayer's cerivastatin litgation as a case study.