Jul 1, 2020
Justice Policy Publications
Publications from the RAND Justice Policy program cover topics related to public safety and the performance of the U.S. criminal justice system for federal law enforcement and other agencies, police departments, and other clients.
RAND Justice Policy also conducts research on topics related to civil justice through the RAND Institute of Civil Justice (ICJ).
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RAND Justice Policy publications are categorized in the following issue areas; some publications are cross-listed in multiple categories:
Browse Justice Policy Publications
"Nothing Is More Opaque Than Absolute Transparency": The Use of Prior History to Guide Sentencing April 15, 2020
This article reviews prior literature, evaluating an algorithm used to determine prison sentencing for criminals with prior history.
Breaking Barriers: A Rapid Rehousing and Employment Pilot Program for Adults on Probation in Los Angeles County: Evaluation Report March 31, 2020
Many individuals on probation in Los Angeles County face challenges with housing and employment, placing them at risk for further involvement with the criminal justice system. This report presents early findings on the progress of the Breaking Barriers program, which provides Los Angeles County adults on probation with a time-limited rental housing subsidy, case management, and employment supports.
Fostering Innovation Across the U.S. Criminal Justice System: Identifying Opportunities to Improve Effectiveness, Efficiency, and Fairness March 23, 2020
In this report, the authors focus on common needs that apply to all three sections of the justice system: law enforcement, the courts, and corrections agencies. Starting with the deep pool of feedback and input collected from the practitioner community across the five-year Priority Criminal Justice Needs Initiative project, the authors abstracted insights about innovation needs for the justice system as a whole.
A Database of Criminal Justice Needs for Innovation: Requirements for Developers and Funders: User Guide March 5, 2020
The RAND Corporation and partners are carrying out a research effort to assess and prioritize technology needs across the criminal justice community. Since 2015, the Priority Criminal Justice Needs Initiative has published more than 20 reports identifying and prioritizing criminal justice needs for innovation. This product provides a database of all of the needs generated during the first five years of the Initiative.
Types of Cannabis and Tobacco/Nicotine Co-Use and Associated Outcomes in Young Adulthood February 14, 2020
This study examined different types of co-use as a first step in understanding more detailed patterns of cannabis and tobacco/nicotine use among young adults, an age group that has the highest rates of both cannabis and tobacco/nicotine use, as well as co-use of these products.
Wage Loss Monitoring for Injured Workers in California's Workers' Compensation System: 2016–2017 Injury Year Findings (Third Interim Report) February 5, 2020
The authors of this report present new estimates of wage loss for California's injured workers in 2016–2017 and compare these estimates with trends before, during, and after the Great Recession. They also analyze trends for key subgroups of interest in the workers' compensation system, including analyses by receipt of indemnity benefits, industry, type of injury, and geographic region.
Los Angeles County Jails Could Divert More Individuals to Community-Based Mental Health Services February 3, 2020
Summarizes findings of a report in which researchers estimated the percentage of individuals with mental health disorders in Los Angeles County jails who could be diverted from traditional criminal justice processing to community-based care.
The Frequency and Economic Impact of Musculoskeletal Disorders for California Firefighters: Trends and Outcomes over the Past Decade January 31, 2020
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common type of occupational injury among firefighters, so there is considerable interest among policymakers and stakeholders about how best to monitor, prevent, and treat firefighter MSDs. The authors update analyses from a 2010 study on firefighters in California, considering the impacts on injured firefighters of recent workers' compensation reforms and the economic shocks of the late 2000s.
Industrial Cancers in California's Workers' Compensation System: Evidence on Earnings Losses and Disability Benefits January 31, 2020
The adequacy of disability benefits for workers with occupational cancer is an issue of considerable public concern. In this report, the authors conduct an empirical analysis of earnings losses, disability ratings, and benefit payments for occupational cancer claims in the California workers' compensation system. Findings from this study may inform ongoing debate over California's approach to compensating workers with industrial cancer.
Evaluation of a Trauma-Informed Program for Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth: The Pilot Program at Lookout Mountain Youth Services Center January 30, 2020
There is increasing recognition of the prevalence of trauma exposure among youth involved in the juvenile justice system. To better address the needs of these youth, and to reduce the negative consequences of their behavior, there has been a move toward trauma-informed programming. In this report, the authors present the evaluation of a trauma-informed pilot program run by the Colorado Division of Youth Services in a residential youth facility.