Apr 29, 2020
Justice Policy Publications
Publications from the RAND Justice Policy program cover topics related to public safety and the performance of the U.S. criminal justice system for federal law enforcement and other agencies, police departments, and other clients.
RAND Justice Policy also conducts research on topics related to civil justice through the RAND Institute of Civil Justice (ICJ).
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RAND Justice Policy publications are categorized in the following issue areas; some publications are cross-listed in multiple categories:
Browse Justice Policy Publications
Court Appearances in Criminal Proceedings Through Telepresence: Identifying Research and Practice Needs to Preserve Fairness While Leveraging New Technology January 20, 2020
Telepresence technology, which allows an individual or group to appear in a court proceeding from a remote location, has the potential to increase court safety, reduce costs, and enhance court efficiency. However, its use might have unintended consequences. In November 2018, the Priority Criminal Justice Needs Initiative convened a workshop to examine the benefits of this technology and identify solutions for addressing potential problems.
This article highlights how cyber risk dependencies can be taken into consideration when underwriting cyber-insurance policies.
Estimating the Size of the Los Angeles County Jail Mental Health Population Appropriate for Release into Community Services January 7, 2020
Researchers studied the Los Angeles County jail mental health population to identify those who would likely be appropriate for diversion with the aim of providing them with needed care and reducing recidivism. The report includes the results from a legal and clinical review of recently incarcerated individuals identified with a serious mental illness, as well as relevant recommendations for diversion in Los Angeles County.
Who Settles in Workers' Compensation? An Analysis of How Trends in Claim Settlements Relate to Workers' Compensation Benefit Changes in Oregon December 23, 2019
This report explores how the expected value of workers' compensation benefits interacts with the decision to settle a claim. The authors analyze the relationship between the expected value of benefits and the probability of settlement before and after a 2005 policy in Oregon that changed the value of permanent disability benefits. The findings do not show evidence that changes in potential benefit values result in strategic decisions to settle.
Sexual Minority Substance Use Disparities: Bisexual Women at Elevated Risk Relative to Other Sexual Minority Groups December 20, 2019
The objective of this study is to test for differences in the prevalence of a range of substance use behaviors and disorders across LGBT individuals of the same gender using a nationally representative sample of adults.
Co-use of Tobacco and Marijuana Among Young People Experiencing Homelessness in Los Angeles County December 20, 2019
The present study is a first step in understanding the prevalence, types, and correlates of co-use in a probability sample of young tobacco users experiencing homelessness.
Associations of Tobacco Advertising Appeal With Intentions to Use Alternative Tobacco Products Among Young Tobacco Users Experiencing Homelessness December 12, 2019
The primary goal of this study was to examine the relationship between the appeal of advertising for five classes of tobacco product and future intentions to use those products, among youth experiencing homelessness who had some level of experience with it.
Early Alcohol and Smoking Initiation: A Contributor to Sexual Minority Disparities in Adult Use December 11, 2019
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults report higher rates of smoking and alcohol use than heterosexual peers. Prior studies have not examined whether disparities in early initiation among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth contribute to adult disparities.
An Observational Study of Retail Pharmacy Naloxone Prescriptions: Differences Across Provider Specialties and Patient Populations December 6, 2019
This article explores variation in pharmacy-dispensed naloxone by prescriber specialty and patient characteristics.
Real-Time Crime Centers in Chicago: Evaluation of the Chicago Police Department's Strategic Decision Support Centers December 4, 2019
The Chicago Police Department's Strategic Decision Support Centers (SDSCs) serve as command, control, and communications hubs for staff to gain awareness of what is happening in their districts and decide on responses. In this report, the authors evaluate the processes, organizational structures, and technologies employed in the SDSCs. They also assess the extent to which the introduction of SDSCs was associated with reductions in crime levels.