Dec 4, 2019
Justice Policy Publications
Publications from the RAND Justice Policy program cover topics related to public safety and the performance of the U.S. criminal justice system for federal law enforcement and other agencies, police departments, and other clients.
RAND Justice Policy also conducts research on topics related to civil justice through the RAND Institute of Civil Justice (ICJ).
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RAND Justice Policy publications are categorized in the following issue areas; some publications are cross-listed in multiple categories:
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This paper assesses community perceptions of crime and the police before and after the implementation of an intervention aimed at eliminating overt drug markets through focused deterrence and police-community partnerships emphasizing racial reconciliation.
An Online Alcohol and Risky Sex Prevention Program for College Students Studying Abroad: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial September 19, 2019
This study protocol describes a proposed randomized controlled trial that builds upon a successful pilot intervention study to address problematic and dangerous drinking among young adult college students studying abroad in foreign environments.
Adolescents with Better Mental Health Have Less Problem Alcohol Use Six Months Later September 19, 2019
Addressing mental health in primary care may be important for decreasing alcohol problems in adolescents.
Law Enforcement Efforts to Fight the Opioid Crisis: Convening Police Leaders, Multidisciplinary Partners, and Researchers to Identify Promising Practices and to Inform a Research Agenda September 6, 2019
An expert panel of law enforcement leaders identified promising efforts to combat the opioid crisis, including connecting people with opioid use disorder to medication-assisted treatment; building lasting partnerships to achieve community buy-in, enable information sharing, and effectively tackle challenges; and addressing community and other stakeholder concerns before high-priority harm-reduction approaches can be pursued.
Higher Education Programs in Prison: What We Know Now and What We Should Focus On Going Forward August 28, 2019
Having a college education is necessary to compete for many jobs, and the stakes for ex-offenders are higher than for others. This Perspective summarizes research on the effectiveness of educational programs in reducing recidivism and lessons learned from one state's experience in providing college programs to incarcerated individuals. Focusing on the Second Chance Pell Experimental Sites Initiative, it outlines key issues to address.
Caseload Standards for Indigent Defenders in Michigan: Final Project Report for the Michigan Indigent Defense Commission August 26, 2019
In 2017, the Michigan Indigent Defense Commission (MIDC) asked the RAND Corporation for assistance in determining maximum caseload standards for providers of indigent legal representation to adult defendants in the trial-level courts of Michigan. This project conducted three data collection efforts to provide an empirical foundation for these standards. The authors present recommended caseload standards based on analysis of the collected data.
Forensic DNA Surveillance Tool August 12, 2019
This tool shows criminal justice policymakers how state policies affect the size and racial composition of forensic DNA databases. Users can view current state policies or change inputs and assumptions to see how database composition is impacted.
Forensic Familial and Moderate Stringency DNA Searches: Policies and Practices in the United States, England, and Wales August 12, 2019
Forensic DNA databases help solve crimes after the investigative trail has gone cold. Familial DNA and moderate stringency searches are logical extensions in cases where there is no exact DNA match, but these methods are not widely used. The authors present evidence from current practices in the United States, England, and Wales to support policymakers as they make decisions on the use and effects of familial and moderate stringency search.
Associations Between Driving Under the Influence or Riding with an Impaired Driver and Future Substance Use Among Adolescents August 6, 2019
In this article, we examined characteristics of adolescents who reported DUI and RWID in the past year using a baseline survey and then assessed associations between baseline reports of DUI and RWID with reports of alcohol and marijuana use and consequences 6 months later.
The overdose crisis in North America continues to worsen, prompting many jurisdictions to consider opening supervised consumption sites (SCS) that allow individuals to consume street-sourced drugs under medical supervision.