Jan 20, 2020
Justice Policy Publications
Publications from the RAND Justice Policy program cover topics related to public safety and the performance of the U.S. criminal justice system for federal law enforcement and other agencies, police departments, and other clients.
RAND Justice Policy also conducts research on topics related to civil justice through the RAND Institute of Civil Justice (ICJ).
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RAND Justice Policy publications are categorized in the following issue areas; some publications are cross-listed in multiple categories:
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Types of Cannabis and Tobacco/Nicotine Co-Use and Associated Outcomes in Young Adulthood February 14, 2020
This study examined different types of co-use as a first step in understanding more detailed patterns of cannabis and tobacco/nicotine use among young adults, an age group that has the highest rates of both cannabis and tobacco/nicotine use, as well as co-use of these products.
Evaluates a large-scale effort to significantly increase certainty and celerity of sanction for an offense while keeping severity low.
Wage Loss Monitoring for Injured Workers in California's Workers' Compensation System: 2016–2017 Injury Year Findings (Third Interim Report) February 5, 2020
The authors of this report present new estimates of wage loss for California's injured workers in 2016–2017 and compare these estimates with trends before, during, and after the Great Recession. They also analyze trends for key subgroups of interest in the workers' compensation system, including analyses by receipt of indemnity benefits, industry, type of injury, and geographic region.
Los Angeles County Jails Could Divert More Individuals to Community-Based Mental Health Services February 3, 2020
Summarizes findings of a report in which researchers estimated the percentage of individuals with mental health disorders in Los Angeles County jails who could be diverted from traditional criminal justice processing to community-based care.
The Frequency and Economic Impact of Musculoskeletal Disorders for California Firefighters: Trends and Outcomes over the Past Decade January 31, 2020
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the most common type of occupational injury among firefighters, so there is considerable interest among policymakers and stakeholders about how best to monitor, prevent, and treat firefighter MSDs. The authors update analyses from a 2010 study on firefighters in California, considering the impacts on injured firefighters of recent workers' compensation reforms and the economic shocks of the late 2000s.
Industrial Cancers in California's Workers' Compensation System: Evidence on Earnings Losses and Disability Benefits January 31, 2020
The adequacy of disability benefits for workers with occupational cancer is an issue of considerable public concern. In this report, the authors conduct an empirical analysis of earnings losses, disability ratings, and benefit payments for occupational cancer claims in the California workers' compensation system. Findings from this study may inform ongoing debate over California's approach to compensating workers with industrial cancer.
Evaluation of a Trauma-Informed Program for Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth: The Pilot Program at Lookout Mountain Youth Services Center January 30, 2020
There is increasing recognition of the prevalence of trauma exposure among youth involved in the juvenile justice system. To better address the needs of these youth, and to reduce the negative consequences of their behavior, there has been a move toward trauma-informed programming. In this report, the authors present the evaluation of a trauma-informed pilot program run by the Colorado Division of Youth Services in a residential youth facility.
Court Appearances in Criminal Proceedings Through Telepresence: Identifying Research and Practice Needs to Preserve Fairness While Leveraging New Technology January 20, 2020
Telepresence technology, which allows an individual or group to appear in a court proceeding from a remote location, has the potential to increase court safety, reduce costs, and enhance court efficiency. However, its use might have unintended consequences. In November 2018, the Priority Criminal Justice Needs Initiative convened a workshop to examine the benefits of this technology and identify solutions for addressing potential problems.
This article highlights how cyber risk dependencies can be taken into consideration when underwriting cyber-insurance policies.
Estimating the Size of the Los Angeles County Jail Mental Health Population Appropriate for Release into Community Services January 7, 2020
Researchers studied the Los Angeles County jail mental health population to identify those who would likely be appropriate for diversion with the aim of providing them with needed care and reducing recidivism. The report includes the results from a legal and clinical review of recently incarcerated individuals identified with a serious mental illness, as well as relevant recommendations for diversion in Los Angeles County.