This report provides an initial assessment of the possible short-term economy-wide effects of social distancing. These results should be taken as rough order-of-magnitude estimates meant to help inform decisionmakers during the coronavirus disease 2019 crisis.
RAND Social and Economic Well-Being Publications
Browse publications by center or program:
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Research from RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.
The Health and Economic Impacts of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions to Address COVID-19: A Decision Support Tool for State and Local Policymakers 2020
There is an urgent need for an assessment of public health interventions to address coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and determine when to relax them. This document describes the COVID-19 Decision Support Tool, which is designed to fill that need.
State-of-the-Art Strategies for Addressing Selection Bias When Comparing Two or More Treatment Groups 2020
This course introduces causal modeling using the potential outcomes framework and propensity score weights to estimate causal effects from observational data. Those who take the course learn how to implement propensity score weighting using state-of-the-art methods and gain insights into some of the practical issues around evaluating the quality of propensity score weights for binary, multinomial, and time-varying treatments.
The Mediating Role of Perceived Crime in Gender and Built Environment Associations with Park Use and Park-Based Physical Activity Among Park Users in High Poverty Neighborhoods 2020
This study conducted mediation analyses to examine the effects of gender and presence of park walking path on park use, participation in park programs, and park-based physical activity through the hypothesized mediator (perception of crime).
Gearing Up for PrEP in the Middle East and North Africa: An Initial Look at Willingness to Take PrEP Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in Beirut, Lebanon 2020
These findings delineate a need and opportunity for public health researchers to work with Ministries of Health and policy makers to extend pre-exposure prophylaxis coverage and services to young men who have sex with men.
A Clinically Integrated Mhealth App and Practice Model for Collecting Patient-Reported Outcomes Between Visits for Asthma Patients: Implementation and Feasibility 2020
Implementation of a clinically integrated mHealth app and practice model can achieve high patient retention and adherence to guideline-recommended asthma symptom monitoring, while minimally burdening clinicians.
Awareness, Risk Perception, and Protective Behaviors for Extreme Heat and Climate Change in New York City 2020
This study demonstrates that non-Hispanic black individuals are more likely to lack access to air conditioning, and with the finding that people with low household incomes are more likely to lack access, may explain disparities in heat-related morbidity and mortality.
Vulnerability to the Cardiovascular Effects of Ambient Heat in Six U.S. Cities: Results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) 2020
In a changing climate with extreme heat events, it is important to understand the mechanisms by which heat affects health and who is vulnerable. This knowledge will allow better targeting of assistance and interventions, which could help people adapt.
Association Between Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Change in Quantitatively Assessed Emphysema and Lung Function 2020
Long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants, especially O3, was significantly associated with increasing emphysema assessed quantitatively using CT imaging and with worsening lung function.
The study expands upon existing literature by focusing on a longitudinal population exposed to air pollution concentrations typically experienced in the United States and other countries with lower average air pollution exposure.