This article represents the first U.S. study employing exclusively household-level longitudinal data spanning the Great Recession to estimate the response of household spending to negative wealth shocks induced by the sharp declines in house prices.
RAND Social and Economic Well-Being Publications
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Research from RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.
Does Home Production Replace Consumption Spending? Evidence from Shocks in Housing Wealth in the Great Recession 2019
This paper sheds new light on the importance of home production in welfare analyses by focusing on the elasticity of substitution estimated over the retired population, thus holding constant non-work time, but also on the share of spending that is potentially substitutable.
An Online Alcohol and Risky Sex Prevention Program for College Students Studying Abroad: Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial 2019
This study protocol describes a proposed randomized controlled trial that builds upon a successful pilot intervention study to address problematic and dangerous drinking among young adult college students studying abroad in foreign environments.
Long-term Associations Between Substance Use-Related Media Exposure, Descriptive Norms, and Alcohol Use from Adolescence to Young Adulthood 2019
This study uses advances in longitudinal modeling to extend our understanding of how exposure to substance-related media content, quantity of alcohol use, and perceived descriptive norms about alcohol use are reciprocally related over time.
This paper introduces a new approach to estimating the propensity score using Gaussian processes and optimizing hyperparameters with respect to covariate balance.
Addressing mental health in primary care may be important for decreasing alcohol problems in adolescents.
Examining Civic Engagement Links to Health: Findings from the Literature and Implications for a Culture of Health 2019
This report summarizes a structured review to understand what the current scientific literature presents about the empirical relationship between health and civic engagement. It describes whether health is a cause of civic engagement, a consequence of it, or both; what causal mechanisms underlie this link; and where there are gaps in knowledge. Future research should continue to explore the causal mechanisms that support civic engagement.
This web-based tool is part of a quarterly series that draws from a variety of scientific resources to inform Chesapeake Bay Watershed policymakers, practitioners, residents, and community leaders on historical and projected future climate trends. An in-depth analysis of changes in extreme heat events over multiple decades is displayed in an interactive figure.
Law Enforcement Efforts to Fight the Opioid Crisis: Convening Police Leaders, Multidisciplinary Partners, and Researchers to Identify Promising Practices and to Inform a Research Agenda 2019
An expert panel of law enforcement leaders identified promising efforts to combat the opioid crisis, including connecting people with opioid use disorder to medication-assisted treatment; building lasting partnerships to achieve community buy-in, enable information sharing, and effectively tackle challenges; and addressing community and other stakeholder concerns before high-priority harm-reduction approaches can be pursued.
The Appalachia Partnership Initiative's Investments in K–12 Education and Catalyzing the Community: Reflections from 2014 Through 2017 2019
The growth in energy production in the tristate Appalachia region has spurred a demand for hiring workers who are proficient in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. RAND Corporation researchers assessed the Appalachia Partnership Initiative's (API's) October 2014 to December 2017 investments in K–12 STEM education activities and initiatives related to catalyzing the community.