In this paper, we provide an overview of methodological challenges facing opioid policy researchers when conducting opioid policy evaluation studies using observational data, as well as some potential solutions to those challenges.
RAND Social and Economic Well-Being Publications
Browse publications by center or program:
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Research from RAND Social and Economic Well-Being.
Australia's Third Action Plan of the National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and Their Children, Priority Area 2: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women and Their Children — Final Report 2021
The authors discuss their evaluation of the Australian Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet's Third Action Plan (3AP) of the National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and Their Children, and specifically 3AP's Priority Area 2: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Women and Their Children. The report describes the research activities undertaken and analyses conducted and presents recommendations drawn from the evaluation findings.
Comparing the Effects of Academy Training Models on Recruit Competence: Does Curriculum Instruction Type Matter? 2021
The purpose of this paper is to determine if a police academy using adult learning techniques instills higher levels of perceived competence in recruits than an academy using traditional pedagogical methods.
COVID-19 and the Experiences of Populations at Greater Risk: Description and Top-Line Summary Data — Wave 2, Fall 2020 2021
This report presents the results of the second of four surveys on how Americans' health views and values have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, with particular focus on populations deemed at risk or underserved, including people of color and those from low- to moderate-income backgrounds. This top-line report summarizes descriptive findings from the second wave of the COVID-19 and the Experiences of Populations at Greater Risk Survey.
Rapid Mixed-Methods Assessment of COVID-19 Impact on Latinx Sexual Minority Men and Latinx Transgender Women 2021
A rapid, mixed-methods assessment to understand how COVID-19 affected Latinx sexual minority men (LSMM) and transgender women (LTGW).
Longitudinal Assessment of Changes in Mental and Sexual Health Outcomes Due to COVID-19 Among Latinx SMM and TGW 2021
This study provides longitudinal information on how COVID-19 is impacting the mental and sexual health of Latinx SMM and TGW across Los Angeles County.
Poor birth and infant outcomes and pronounced racial disparities persist in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, despite robust maternal and child health and social service systems. The authors use predictive models of which interventions women are likely to participate in, develop a causal inference framework to estimate the effectiveness of those interventions, and reveal how that effectiveness varies for women with different risk and other factors.
Over the past ten years, the climate change research community has developed a scenario framework combining alternative futures of climate and society to facilitate integrated research and consistent assessment to inform policy. Here we assess how well this framework is working and what challenges it faces.
Quantifying the Bias Due to Observed Individual Confounders in Causal Treatment Effect Estimates: A Tutorial for the Selection Bias Decomposition (SBdecomp) Package 2020
In this tool, the authors explain the methodology behind the primary function of the selection bias decomposition (SBdecomp) package; describe its features, syntax and how to implement the function; and illustrate its use with an example. The package allows researchers to identify the most important observed confounder(s) in accounting for observed selection bias.
In this proof-of-concept study, datasets derived from both observations and climate models were used together to train and test statistical methods to downscale.