RAND Summer Institute Speakers Bios for 2009 Conference
- David Barker, University of Southampton, UK; Oregon Health and Science University
- Christopher C. Benz, Buck Institute for Age Research
- Eileen Crimmins, Ph.D., University of Southern California
- Dana Goldman, RAND Corporation
- David Greenberg, Buck Institute for Age Research
- Robert Hauser, University of Wisconsin-Madison
- Arie Kapteyn, RAND Corporation
- David Laibson, Harvard University
- Ronald Lee, University of California, Berkeley
- Linda Martin, RAND Corporation
- Andrew Mason, University of Hawaii
- Richard Miller, The University of Michigan
- Christina Paxson, Princeton University
- Robert Schoeni, University of Michigan
- Steven Schwartz, University of California, Los Angeles
- James Smith, RAND Corporation
- Stephen Stearns, Yale University
- Linda Waite, University of Chicago
- David Weir, University of Michigan
- David Wise, Harvard University & NBER
University of Southampton, UK; Oregon Health and Science University
Professor David Barker MD PhD FRS is a physician. He is Professor of Clinical Epidemiology at the University of Southampton, UK, and Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine at Oregon Health and Science University, US. He trained at Guy's Hospital, London, and at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham. After spending three years in Uganda he moved to the new Medical School in Southampton where he became director of the Medical Research Council's Epidemiology Unit. In 1986 he proposed that coronary heart disease, and the disorders related to it, originate through malnutrition in the womb. He and his colleagues showed that people who had low birthweight, a marker of malnutrition, are at increased risk of hypertension, stroke and type 2 diabetes. It has since become recognised that early malnutrition permanently changes the structure and function of the body in ways that lead to later disease, a process known as programming. David Barker is currently exploring the roles of mothers' lifetime nutrition, and the transport of nutrients across the placenta, in programming chronic disease and premature death.
Christopher C. Benz
Buck Institute for Age Research
Dr. Benz attended the University of California at Los Angeles (BS; 1968), University of Michigan School of Medicine (MD; 1972), Vancouver General Hospital and University of British Columbia (Internal Medicine/Clinical Oncology; 1978), and Yale University School of Medicine (Assistant Professor; 1983). While a Professor of Medicine in the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Department of Medicine's Division of Hematology-Oncology, he became a founding faculty member of the Buck Institute for Age Research in 2000, directing the Cancer and Developmental Therapeutics Program. He maintains his faculty position at UCSF, cares for patients at the UCSF/Mt. Zion Breast Care Clinic, and plays an active role as senior member of the UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center's Breast Oncology Program. As Director of the Buck Institute's Program on Cancer and Developmental Therapeutics, Dr. Benz's translational research program focuses on identifying molecular strategies to improve breast cancer diagnostics and therapeutics, with a special emphasis on trying to understand and interrupt the link between breast cancer and aging. He has published over 200 peer-reviewed manuscripts and serves on multiple national and international review and oversight committees, including the National Cancer Institute's DTP/DCTD Biological Resources Branch Oversight Committee and the American Association of Cancer Research's Task Force on Cancer and Aging.
Eileen Crimmins, Ph.D.
University of Southern California
Eileen Crimmins is currently working on a number of projects. "The Role of Biological Factors in Determining Differences in Health by Education and Income Level" is being undertaken with Teresa Seeman of UCLA. This project examines how aging is linked to markers of biological functioning and how the pace of change in these markers is related to education and income. Factors such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, homocysteine, antioxidants, fibrinogen, and immune function indicators are among the factors being investigated.
Crimmins also works on Healthy Life Expectancy in the Older Population defining healthy in a variety of ways. In addition she is working on male/female differences in health and mortality as well as differences by gender in life stresses and strains. Crimmins is the director of the USC/UCLA Center on Biodemography and Population Health (CBPH). The purpose of the Center is to integrate medical, biological, and epidemiological information to model and predict population health trends. The Center provides pilot project money for relevant research and supports a series of seminars and workshops on the two campuses.
Dana Goldman holds the RAND Chair in health economics; directs RAND's program in economics, finance, and organization; and is the director of the Bing Center for Health Economics at RAND. He is also an adjunct professor of health services and radiology at UCLA. Dr. Goldman serves on several editorial boards including Health Affairs and the Forum for Health Economics and Policy. He was the recipient of the National Institute for Health Care Management Research Foundation award for excellence in health policy, and the Alice S. Hersh New Investigator Award that recognizes the outstanding contributions of a young scholar to the field of health services research. He is a research associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research. Dr. Goldman received his B.A. from Cornell University and a Ph.D. in Economics from Stanford University.
Buck Institute for Age Research
David A. Greenberg is Professor and Vice President for Special Research Programs at the Buck Institute for Age Research in Novato, CA. He trained at Cornell University, Johns Hopkins University and the University of California-San Francisco, and served on the faculty of the Department of Neurology at the University of California-San Francisco and the University of Pittsburgh before joining the Buck Institute. His laboratory studies mechanisms that the brain uses for protection and self-repair in stroke and neurodegenerative disease, including changes in the expression of neuroprotective proteins and production of new nerve cells (neurogenesis).
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Robert M. Hauser has wide-ranging research and teaching interests in aging, social stratification, and social statistics. He collaborated with David L. Featherman on the 1973 Occupational Changes in a Generation Survey, a replication and extension of the classic Blau-Duncan study. Beginning in 1969, he collaborated with William H. Sewell on the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, and he has led the WLS since 1980. The WLS began as a study of the transition from high school to college or the work force. It has become a multi-disciplinary study of the life course and aging, and the next major round of WLS surveys will begin in mid-2009. In recent years, Hauser has combined work on the WLS with studies of trends and differentials in educational attainment, the role of achievement testing in American society, and the measurement of adult literacy. On these projects, Hauser has worked closely with many graduate students. His classroom teaching repertoire includes social stratification, research methods, and introductory and advanced courses in statistics, including structural equation models and discrete multivariate analysis. He has pursued connections between social science and social policy through his work with the National Research Council.
Arie Kapteyn is a Senior Economist at RAND and Director of the Labor and Population program. He is a fellow of the Econometric Society, past President of the European Society for Population Economics, and Corresponding Member of the Netherlands Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Kapteyn's research expertise covers microeconomics, public finance, and econometrics. Much of his recent applied work is in the field of aging, with papers on topics related to retirement, consumption and savings, pensions and Social Security, disability (e.g. the joint paper with Jim Smith and Arthur van Soest in the American Economic Review on international comparison of work disability), and economic well-being of the elderly. At RAND he leads several projects, including one to incorporate Internet interviewing into the HRS, a center on the analysis of health and economic determinants of retirement, in the U.S. and Western Europe, and a center on the analysis of economic decision making related to retirement and saving and investing for retirement. Kapteyn is the initiator of a new survey system, MMIC, which is used for large scale data collection projects in the U.S, Europe, and Asia, as well as the director of the RAND American Life Panel, a nationally representative sample of 2000 households who are regularly interviewed over the Internet.
Dr. David I. Laibson is a Professor of Economics at Harvard University and a Research Associate at the NBER. He is also a member of the Institutional Review Board at the NBER and the Data Monitoring Committee (external review Board) of the Health and Retirement Survey. His research is funded by the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Aging, and the Social Security Administration. His research uses different methodological tools including laboratory experiments, field experiments, twin studies, genotyping, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), computer simulations, and theory. He is currently working in the fields of decision and cognitive sciences, neuroeconomics, behavioral finance, and genomics. Dr. Laibson received a BA in Economics from Harvard University (1988, Summa Cum Laude), an MSc in Econometrics and Mathematical Economics from the London School of Economics (1990, with distinction), and a PhD in Economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1994).
University of California, Berkeley
Professor Ronald Lee holds an M.A. in Demography from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University. He spent a postdoctoral year at the National Institute of Demographic Studies (INED, France). After teaching for eight years at the University of Michigan in the Economics Department and working at the Populations Studies Center, he joined Demography at Berkeley in 1979, with a joint appointment in Economics. He currently holds the Edward G. and Nancy S. Jordan Endowed Chair in Economics. He has taught courses here in economic demography, population theory, population and economic development, demographic forecasting, population aging, indirect estimation, and research design, as well as a number of pro-seminars. Honors include Presidency of the Population Association of America, the Mindel C. Sheps Award for research in Mathematical Demography, the PAA Irene B. Taeuber Award for outstanding contributions in the field of demography. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and a Corresponding member of the British Academy. He has chaired the population and social science study section for NIH and the National Academy of Sciences Committee on Population, and served on the National Advisory Committee on Aging (NIA Council). Professor Lee is also the Director of the Center on the Economics and Demography of Aging at U.C. Berkeley, funded by the National Institute of Aging. His current research includes including modeling and forecasting demographic time series, the evolutionary theory of life histories, population aging, Social Security, and intergenerational transfers. He enjoys tennis and hiking.
For 30 years, Linda Martin has conducted research on population aging in the United States and Asia. Her work has ranged from the labor force consequences of aging to the living arrangements of older people and, most recently, to trends in their health. She has served as a scholar-in-residence at the Institute of Medicine, president of the Population Council, vice president of RAND, director of the National Research Council's Committee on Population, and research associate at the East-West Center in Honolulu.
University of Hawaii
Andrew Mason is Professor of Economics, University of Hawaii at Manoa and Senior Fellow at the East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii. He is a member of the Center for the Economics and Demography of Aging (CEDA) at the University of California, Berkeley and a member of the Harvard Program on the Global Demography of Aging. He was a Visiting Professor, Institut d'Etudes de Politique de Paris in 1998 and a Visiting Scholar at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1983-84. He received his PhD from the University of Michigan in 1975.
He co-directs the National Transfer Account project, an international project involving researchers from more than twenty-five countries developing a comprehensive approach to measuring and studying the systems countries use to meet the economic needs of children and the elderly. National Transfer Accounts (www.ntaccounts.org) are being used to study the evolution of familial support systems, public pensions, health care, and education systems and their influence on economic growth, generational equity, and other features of the macroeconomy.
His most recent books are Population Aging, Intergenerational Transfers and the Macroeconomy co-edited with Robert Clark and Naohiro Ogawa; Population Change, Labor Markets, and Sustainable Growth co-edited with Mitoshi Yamaguchi, and Population Growth and Economic Development in East Asia: Challenges Met, Opportunities Seized.
The University of Michigan
Richard A. Miller, M.D., Ph.D., is a Professor of Pathology and Associate Director of the Geriatrics Center at the University of Michigan; he is also a Research Scientist at the Ann Arbor DVA Medical Center. He received the BA degree in 1971 from Haverford College, and MD and PhD degrees from Yale University in 1976-1977. After postdoctoral studies at Harvard and Sloan-Kettering, he moved to Boston University in 1982 and then to his current position at Michigan in 1990. Dr. Miller has served in a variety of editorial and advisory positions on behalf of the American Federation for Aging Research and the National Institute on Aging, and is currently one of four Editors-in-Chief of Aging Cell. He is the recipient of the Nathan Shock Award, the AlliedSignal Award, the Kleemeier Award and the Irving Wright Award for aging research. His main research interests all relate to the control of aging rate in mice, and include ongoing studies of mutations that slow aging, the relation of cellular stress resistance to longevity, mapping of genes that influence lifespan and age-sensitive traits, screens for drugs that extend lifespan in mice, and methods to improve function of T lymphocytes from old donors.
Christina Paxson is the founding director of the Center for Health and Wellbeing, an interdisciplinary health research center in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. She is a Senior Editor of The Future of Children; a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research, where she is a member of the programs on Aging, Health, and Children; and a Research Associate of Princeton's Office of Population Research. Her research interests are in the areas of applied economics, health, and development economics. Her current research focuses on economic status and health outcomes over the life course in both developed and developing countries. She is the Principal Investigator of several NIH-funded studies, including "Economic Status, Public Policy, and Child Neglect", "Parental Resources and Child Wellbeing" and "College Education and Health", and is the director of an NIA Center for Demography of Aging at Princeton.
University of Michigan
Dr. Schoeni studies labor economics, the family, aging, and welfare policy. Recent studies include the investigation of changes in old-age health status and disability, the effects of welfare reform on various outcomes, the economic consequences of workplace injuries, and poverty among older women. He also serves as Associate Director of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics.
University of California, Los Angeles
Dr. Schwartz is internationally recognized as an outstanding teacher, clinician, surgeon and investigator. After receiving his medical degree from the University of Southern California (USC), he completed his internship at Los Angeles County-USC General Hospital, followed by ophthalmic residency training at Jules Stein Eye Institute. His vision science training was extended through a prestigious two-year fellowship awarded by Moorfields Eye Hospital in London, England. He joined the JSEI faculty in 1994 and was appointed Chief of the Retina Division in 2002. In 2007, he was appointed the Ahmanson Professor of Ophthalmology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.
As a clinician, Dr. Schwartz has a strong interest in improving access to specialized ophthalmic care through telemedicine and has developed innovative screening programs for diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). His research contributions involve vitreoretinal conditions, with particular emphasis on degenerative diseases such as macular degeneration, as well as vasoproliferative disorders including ROP and diabetic eye disease. His investigations have helped revolutionize the way many leading causes of blindness are evaluated and treated.
Recently, his research has led to innovative approaches to ocular robotic surgery. Over the past few years, he has won such awards as the American Academy of Ophthalmology Secretariat Award, for outstanding contributions to Ophthalmology; he also was presented with the Venice Family Clinic's prestigious Morton K. Rubenstein award as outstanding physician of the year serving the underserved and homeless. He serves on the Board of Directors of the American Society of Retina Specialists and is the Retina Program Section Chair for Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology 2009.
James P. Smith (Ph.D., University of Chicago, 1972) holds the RAND Chair in Labor Markets and Demographic Studies. He has led numerous projects, including studies of immigration, the economics of aging, black-white wages and employment, the effects of economic development on labor markets, wealth accumulation and savings behavior, the interrelation of health and economic status, and the effects of attrition and nonresponse in the HRS. He is currently Principal Investigator for The New Immigrant Survey, a cost-effective survey that yields adequate sample size of the foreign-born, has known sampling properties, permits longitudinal analyses, and can answer policy questions of particular relevance to immigration. Dr. Smith was the Chair of the Panel on Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration (1995-1997), and of the Committee on Population and the Committee on National Statistics, National Academy of Sciences. Illustrative pertinent papers within the past ten years include “Attrition and Follow-Up in the Indonesia Family Life Survey” and “Enhancing the Quality of Data on Income: Recent Innovations from the HRS” in the Journal of Human Resources; “Measurement of Late-Life Income and Wealth” in the Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics; and “Trends and Projections in Income Replacement During Retirement” in the Journal of Labor Economics. He has been an invited speaker before the President's Initiative on Race in Phoenix, the Federal Reserve Board of Los Angeles, and the Prime Minister and members of Parliament of New Zealand, among many others. He has twice received the National Institutes of Health Merit Award, the most distinguished honor NIH grants to a researcher.
Prof. Stearns specializes in life history evolution, evolutionary medicine and evolutionary functional genomics. He is the author of influential books, including "Evolution, an Introduction", "The Evolution of Life Histories", "Evolution in Health and Disease" (second edition pictured above) and "The Evolution of Sex and its Consequences." Prof. Stearns founded and has served as President of both the European Society for Evolutionary Biology and the Tropical Biology Association, and was Founding Editor of the Journal of Evolutionary Biology. He has been a Vice President of the Society for the Study of Evolution and is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
University of Chicago
Linda Waite is the Lucy Flower Professor in Urban Sociology. Waite's current research interests include social demography, aging, the family, health, working families, the link between biology, psychology and the social world. Waite's current research projects include studies on the Social Life, Health, and Illness at Older Ages (Co-Principal Investigator); Contemporary Families and Experiences of Work (Co-Principal Investigator); The Social Environment, Loneliness, Stress and Health (Co-Principal Investigators); Loneliness, Stress and Health in Aging (Investigator).
Her current positions include Director, Center on Aging at N.O.R.C.; Co-Director, Alfred P. Sloan Center on Parents, Children and Work; Co-Director, MD/PhD Program in Medicine, the Social Sciences, and Aging; Member, Scientific Advisory Board, eHarmony Labs.
University of Michigan
Dr. Weir's current research interests include the measurement of health-related quality of life; the use of cost-effectiveness measures in health policy and medical decision-making; the role of supplemental health insurance in the Medicare population; the effects of health, gender, and marital status on economic well-being in retirement; and the effects of early-life experience on longevity and health at older ages.
Harvard University & NBER
David A. Wise, John F. Stambaugh Professor of Political Economy, came to the Kennedy School after graduate work in economics at the University of California, Berkeley. His past research includes analysis of youth employment, the economics of education and schooling decisions, and methodological econometric work. His work now focuses on issues related to population aging, and he directs a large project on the economics of aging and health care at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His recent books and papers include: Social Security and Retirement Around the World; Frontiers in the Economics of Aging; Facing the Age Wave;Inquiries in the Economics of Aging; Social Security and Retirement Around the World: Micro-Estimation; The Transition to Personal Accounts and Increasing Retirement Wealth: Macro and Micro Evidence; Aging and Housing Equity: Another Look; Implications of Rising Personal Retirement Saving; The Taxation of Pensions: A Shelter Can Become a Trap; Utility Evaluation of Risk in Retirement Saving Accounts; and Analyses in the Economics of Aging.