Regulatory frameworks enable a business environment that encourages private investment. Researchers prepared a roadmap for logistics infrastructure investments for the Brazilian Ministries of Planning and Finance.
Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and program administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.
RAND is advising Ecuador on the collection of data in the Longitudinal Social Protection Survey (Encuesta Longitudinal de Protección Social). The data collected concern Ecuador's social security plans and programs and will be used to design reforms of the social security system.
Rio de Janeiro has one of the highest youth homicide rates in Brazil, especially among black males. Understanding why Brazilian youth leave gangs, and what policies may discourage their initial entry, may help to reduce the crime and homicide rate.
Understanding how criminal gangs and other non-state actors compete with the state to provide public services, gain popular support, and jeopardize security can help policymakers counter these groups' activities.
The Forest Allowance Program (Programa Bolsa Floresta) is an avoided deforestation initiative in Brazil that pays the local population a monthly allowance for environmental services and increases deforestation monitoring and enforcement. RAND is studying this and similar initiatives to determine their success in reducing deforestation.
Hispanic immigrants constitute a rapidly growing share of the U.S. population but are less likely to be financially literate than natives. RAND researchers are investigating barriers to Hispanic immigrants' use of financial services and evaluates financial education materials for them.
RAND conducts research throughout Latin America and the Latin American population in the United States in the areas of aging, social determinants and consequences of health, saving for retirement, social security coverage, labor market dynamics, and migration.
Given the worldwide trend of aging populations, it is important to learn about the long- and short-term effects of non-contributory social security programs. With the State of Yucatan, CLASP designed such a program for towns with more than 20,000 inhabitants. The project team is now evaluating its impact on the welfare of residents ages 70 and older.
Chile, Colombia, and Mexico each have fully-funded, defined-contribution social security systems, yet there are significant differences in system design and incentive that may affect individuals' participation. The research team compared the differences of individual coverage in the three countries' systems.
On varied measures of health, including the prevalence of certain chronic diseases, U.S. Hispanics consistently fare better than non-Hispanic whites. The aim of this research was to examine selective migration in and out of the U.S. as potential explanations for the "Hispanic health paradox."