BORN Study Publications

BORN Survey Instruments

RAND Research on Health in Africa

The publications below highlight some of RAND's extensive research on health in Africa.

  • eyes of an elderly man


    Addressing the Global Cataract Problem

    Most of the millions of cataract cases worldwide can be cured by quick, inexpensive procedures. But a shortage of trained surgeons remains a challenge. The HelpMeSee approach, a high-volume training and development system, could help close this gap.

  • Fadamatu Musa, a Boko Haram insurgency survivor, is a beneficiary of supply of Super Cereal Plus, one of the specialized nutritious products that WFP uses to fight malnutrition, photo by Samuel Ochai/DG ECHO

    Research Brief

    Reducing Child Deaths in Nigeria

    A program paid expectant mothers in Nigeria to use prenatal, delivery, and postnatal health services, resulting in an increase in use of care. This led to a substantial decrease in child deaths. Scaling this program up across Nigeria could reduce stillbirths by 85,000 annually.

  • Ggaba, Uganda - June 30, 2011: Fishing boats line the banks of Lake Victoria after most fishermen have come in for the day.

    Journal Article

    Barriers to Linkage to HIV Care in Ugandan Fisherfolk Communities

    High population mobility, competing needs, low or inconvenient access to healthcare, and HIV stigma all play a role in impeding linkage to HIV care among fisherfolk in Uganda.

  • Two smiling Nigerian women

    Research Brief

    Evaluating Nigeria's Efforts to Improve Maternal and Child Health

    Nigeria is the world's second-largest contributor to under-five and maternal mortality. To address low rates of use of maternal and child health services, the government deployed midwives to work in rural communities. How effective has this program been?

  • Nigerian midwife


    Evaluating the Impact of the Nigerian Midwives Service Scheme

    To improve maternal and child health, the Nigerian government introduced the Midwives Service Scheme (MSS), a program to increase access to skilled care in rural areas. Experts evaluated the impact of MSS and found that initial improvements were not sustained.

  • Government health workers administering blood tests for the Ebola virus in Kenema, Sierra Leone, June 2014


    Mitigating the Impact of Ebola in Potential Hot Zones

    The experiences of African countries that successfully contained Ebola early can be informative for government officials, international organizations, and aid agencies seeking to capture the underlying factors that affect countries' resilience to such outbreaks and can help them prepare for high-risk scenarios.

  • fruits and vegetables

    Journal Article

    Discounts on Healthy Foods Can Improve Diet Quality; First Result from a National Program

    Lowering the costs of healthy foods in supermarkets increases the amount of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods that people eat, while also appearing to reduce consumption of nutritionally less-desirable foods.

  • Journal Article

    What Is the Price of Prevention?

    The potential for treatment costs can discourage screening in developing countries. A field experiment in Nigeria offered cervical cancer screening to women at randomly chosen prices, as well as a chance for treatment subsidies. Findings indicate that preventive efforts in developing countries should subsidize both testing and treatment costs.

  • African woman and child

    Journal Article

    Antiretroviral Therapy and Food Security Support Each Other

    In examining the socioeconomic benefits of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Uganda, researchers find that ART helps alleviate the food insecurity of adults with HIV, which in turn may improve ART outcomes.

  • mother and child by hut

    Journal Article

    Determining the Relationship of Depression to Work Status and Income Among HIV Clients in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Findings suggest that while depression is related to work and income, its influence may only be indirect through its relationship to other factors such as work self-efficacy and physical health functioning.

  • Journal Article

    Using Health IT to Improve HIV/AIDS Care in Uganda

    Missed appointments compromise the ability to plan for and deliver quality care. By implementing Electronic Medical Records and same day patient tracing, researchers were able to reduce missed appointments and increase efficiency in an community-based care clinic.

  • Research Brief

    How Does the Private Health Sector Affect Access and Equity in Developing Countries?

    Researchers analyzed data on child and maternal health care use from 34 African countries and found that private sector participation in the health care system is associated with increased access to health care facilities and reduced disparities in care.

  • Research Brief

    Improving Mass Delivery of Antiretroviral Therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa

    A more thorough understanding of how to make ART scale-up more cost-effective and efficient, while still providing quality care, is critical to program administrators, government officials, and funding agencies that are aiming to make ART access widespread and sustainable in sub-Saharan Africa.