This experimental study observed large reductions in inappropriate antibiotic prescribing regardless of whether participants received an intervention.
Sep 13, 2016
This evidence review found that palliative care improves outcomes for cancer, dementia, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Sep 12, 2016
Family reports of patients' experiences with pain, difficult breathing, and depression near the end of life suggest strategies at the clinical and population level for assessing and managing symptoms.
Aug 23, 2016
For some clinical decisions, there may be a 'sweet-spot' in which the benefits of intuitive versus reflective clinical decisonmaking are in balance.
Apr 22, 2016
Effect of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing Among Primary Care Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial
This study assesses the effects of behavioral interventions and rates of inappropriate (not guideline-concordant) antibiotic prescribing during ambulatory visits for acute respiratory tract infections.
Feb 18, 2016
SimCoach Evaluation: A Virtual Human Intervention to Encourage Service-Member Help-Seeking for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression
This report describes an assessment of SimCoach, a tool designed to encourage service members, especially those with signs or symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder or depression, to seek help for psychological health concerns.
Sep 21, 2015
The authors describe changes in pain intensity and symptom prevalence during the last year of life from 1998 to 2010.
Feb 11, 2015
Evaluating the Feasibility and Utility of Translating Choosing Wisely Recommendations Into E-Measures
Few of the low-value services identified by the Choosing Wisely campaign can be translated into e-measures.
Feb 10, 2015
This study seeks to characterize the types and patterns of data usage from electronic health records (EHRs) for clinical research.
Dec 15, 2014
Nudging Physician Prescription Decisions by Partitioning the Order Set: Results of a Vignette-Based Study
Provider treatment choice appears to be influenced by the grouping of menu options, suggesting that the layout of electronic health record (EHR) order sets is not an arbitrary exercise.
Nov 25, 2014
The research team worked with 11 hospitals and ambulatory practices to evaluate a process improvement strategy and tools developed to help health care organizations diagnose, monitor, and mitigate health information technology-related safety risks.
Jul 15, 2014
This article describes the patient-centered Scalable National Network for Effectiveness Research (pSCANNER), which is part of the recently formed PCORnet, a national network composed of learning healthcare systems and patient-powered research networks funded by the Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI).
Jul 1, 2014
Displaying poster-sized commitment letters in examination rooms decreased inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for ARIs. The effect of this simple, low-cost intervention is comparable in magnitude to costlier, more intensive quality-improvement efforts.
Jan 1, 2014
We found that primary care clinicians' likelihood of prescribing antibiotics for ARIs increased as clinic sessions wore on, consistent with the hypothesis that decision fatigue progressively impairs clinicians' ability to resist ordering inappropriate treatments.
Jan 1, 2014
Use of Behavioral Economics and Social Psychology to Improve Treatment of Acute Respiratory Infections (BEARI): Rationale and Design of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial [1rc4ag039115-01] - Study Protocol and Baseline Practice and Provider Characteristics
The Application of Behavioral Economics to Improve the Treatment of Acute Respiratory Infections (BEARI) Trial is a multisite, cluster-randomized controlled trial with practice as the unit of randomization.
Jun 1, 2013
Diabetes Management for Low-Income Patients in Los Angeles: Two Strategies Improved Disease Control in the Short Term
Health care providers serving vulnerable patients in Los Angeles have developed programs intended to increase diabetes control through more-intensive patient education and engagement.
Jan 1, 2012
First dollar coverage for preventive services increases utilization modestly among healthy individuals, particularly those in lower deductible plans, but patients' predisposing characteristics merit attention.
Jan 1, 2010