Arturo Munoz is a senior political scientist at the RAND Corporation. Prior to joining RAND, Munoz served 29 years at the Central Intelligence Agency, both in the Directorate of Operations and in the Directorate of Intelligence. He created successful counterterrorism, counterinsurgency, and counternarcotics programs, from initial planning to full implementation in the field. As an analyst, he wrote groundbreaking intelligence assessments on insurgent movements in Latin America, which pioneered the application of anthropology to intelligence. In various supervisory positions, both at headquarters and in the field, he managed campaigns with verifiable impact in Latin America, Southwest Asia, the Balkans, the Middle East, and North Africa. Munoz received his B.A. in history and Spanish literature from Loyola University; his A.B.D. in anthropology from the University of California, Los Angeles; and his M.A. in anthropology and Ph.D. in history from Stanford University.