This study sought to (i) describe the nature of interventions that have been used to reduce length of stay in acute care hospitals; (ii) identify the factors that are known to influence length of stay; and (iii) assess the impact of interventions on patient outcomes, service outcomes and costs.
Dec 18, 2014
This report explored the hospital landscape in France, Germany, Ireland and the United States to inform hospital provision in England. It found that different forms of hospital cooperation may have different impacts on hospital performance.
Aug 5, 2014
The report reviews regulatory mechanisms in six countries that seek to ensure that essential standards of care are applied and being adhered to, considering the range of policy instruments used to encourage and ensure continuous quality improvement.
Feb 7, 2014
This fact sheet describes the results of research into the factors influencing physician professional satisfaction and their implications for health care.
Oct 11, 2013
Factors Affecting Physician Professional Satisfaction and Their Implications for Patient Care, Health Systems, and Health Policy
This report presents the results of a series of surveys and semistructured interviews intended to identify and characterize determinants of physician professional satisfaction.
Oct 8, 2013
Despite the wide recognition of a shift to prevention, barriers remain. Our analysis focuses on the costs of certain health issues that may be preventable to improve outcomes in later life. We look at preterm birth, unintentional injury, child obesity and certain child mental health problems.
Oct 1, 2013
Our study offers important lessons for the planned implementation of choice in primary care in the English NHS.
Sep 1, 2013
Options for Effective Mechanisms to Support Evidence-Informed Policymaking in RMNCH in Asia and the Pacific
This RAND Europe report looks at providing timely, reliable and high-quality evidence to inform decision-making to improve women's and children's health.
May 1, 2013
The authors explore the expectations of prolapse surgery held by women before that surgery and to examine reasons why such expectations were met, or not met.
Jan 1, 2013
Understanding India, Globalisation and Health Care Systems: A Mapping of Research in the Social Sciences
National and transnational health care systems are rapidly evolving with current processes of globalisation.
Sep 1, 2012
Establishing and Sustaining Research Partnerships in Africa: A Case Study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease
This paper examines the challenges and opportunities in establishing and sustaining north–south research partnerships in Africa through a case study of the UK-Africa Academic Partnership on Chronic Disease.
Aug 1, 2012
Understanding Health Systems, Health Economies and Globalization: The Need for Social Science Perspectives
The complex relationship between globalization and health calls for research from many disciplinary and methodological perspectives.
Aug 1, 2012
What Are the Effects of Different Models of Delivery for Improving Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes for Poor People in Urban Areas in Low Income and Lower Middle Income Countries?
The burden of maternal and infant deaths falls disproportionately on low income countries (LICs) and lower middle income countries (LMCs1) and among the poorest within these countries.
Jan 1, 2012
There has been a steady growth in recent decades in Nepal in health and health services research, much of it based on quantitative research methods.
Oct 1, 2011
In many ways, nut allergy may be considered a form of disability, because it imposes social barriers on participating fully in society.
Jan 1, 2011
Clinicians' Views on the Feasibility of Surgical Randomized Trials in Urogynecology: Results of a Questionnaire Survey
This study highlights the difference between collective and individual equipoise and their impact upon surgical trials.
Jan 1, 2011
This study aimed to explore the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in undergraduate medical education in developing countries.
May 1, 2010
Assessing and Understanding Quality of Care in a Labour Ward: A Pilot Study Combining Clinical and Social Science Perspectives in Gondar, Ethiopia
Ensuring high quality intrapartum care in developing countries is a crucial component of efforts to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity.
Jan 1, 2010
An understanding of how staff identify, classify, narrativise and orient to patient safety risks is important in understanding responses to efforts to effect change.
Aug 1, 2009
Characteristics of Effective Interventions in Improving Young People's Sexual Health: A Review of Reviews
The authors conducted a review of reviews to identify characteristics of effective sex and relationship education (SRE) interventions and/or programmes in young people to improve sexual health and identify barriers and facilitators for implementation.
Aug 1, 2009
Explores women's perceptions of "choice" of place of delivery in remote and rural areas where different models of maternity services are available.
Feb 1, 2009
Lower urinary tract dysfunction is a common and distressing problem. With functional, psychological, and social sequel, it can have far-reaching effects on everyday life for individuals affected and others.
Jan 1, 2009
Models of Intrapartum Care and Women's Trade-Offs in Remote and Rural Scotland: A Mixed-Methods Study
Challenges for service redesign are to provide comprehensive obstetric services within acceptable travel time, while responding to the heterogeneity of women's preferences.
Apr 1, 2008
Awareness of Health Effects of Cooking Smoke Among Women in the Gondar Region of Ethiopia: A Pilot Survey
Increasing the awareness of the health-effects of indoor biomass cooking smoke may be the first step in implementing a programme to reduce exposure.
Jan 1, 2008
Culturally Sensitive Continence Care: A Qualitative Study Among South Asian Indian Women in Leicester
This exploratory study provides valuable understanding of the continence needs of South Asian Indian women.
Dec 1, 2007
The proxy wealth index offers potential as a pragmatic and quick means of assessing poverty status in a busy hospital setting.
Sep 1, 2007
Getting Women to Hospital Is Not Enough: A Qualitative Study of Access to Emergency Obstetric Care in Bangladesh
Explores what happens to poor women in Bangladesh once they reached a hospital providing comprehensive emergency obstetric care (EmOC), and identifies viable support mechanisms.
Jun 1, 2006
Randomised controlled trials of interventions in critical situations are necessary to establish safety and evaluate outcomes.
Apr 1, 2006
A case-study approach was used to explore experiences of working with an interpreter in Bangladesh as part of a research project investigating women's experiences of emergency obstetric care.
Jan 1, 2005
This study aimed to assess whether the uptake of chemotherapy for colorectal cancer varied by hospital type in Scotland.
Nov 1, 2002