Latest Publications from RAND
What America's Users Spend on Illegal Drugs, 2000–2010 — March 7, 2014
RAND researchers generated national estimates of consumption of four illicit drugs from 2000 to 2010: cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine. Throughout the decade, U.S. drug users spent on the order of $100 billion annually on these drugs, although the spending distribution and use patterns changed. For all of the drugs, total consumption and expenditures are driven by the minority of users who consume on 21 or more days each month.
2013 Dean's Report: 2013 Report to the Board of Governors — March 7, 2014
In this report from the dean to the Pardee RAND Graduate School Board of Governors, Dean Susan Marquis shares information about the new cohort, recent graduates, alumni highlights, events, dissertation awards, the year in fundraising, updates to the curriculum, and more.
RAND Behavioral Finance Webinar: Craig Fox Presents "Metacognitive Knowledge and Financial Decision Making" — March 6, 2014
Craig R. Fox discusses the importance of both subjective and objective knowledge in financial decision making.
This fact sheet summarizes the first-year evaluation of California's Student Mental Health Initiative.
Congress enacted the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (TRIA) in 2002, in response to terrorism insurance becoming unavailable or extremely costly in the wake of the 9/11 attacks. TRIA is set to expire at the end of 2014, and Congress is considering the appropriate government role in terrorism insurance markets. This policy brief examines the potential national security implications of allowing TRIA to expire.
What Has the Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative Done So Far? Year 1 Findings — March 5, 2014
This fact sheet summarizes the first-year evaluation of California's Stigma and Discrimination Reduction Initiative.
This fact sheet summarizes the first-year evaluation of California's Suicide Prevention Initiative.
What Has the CalMHSA Statewide Mental Health Prevention and Early Intervention Implementation Program Done So Far? Summary and Commentary for Year 1 Evaluation — March 4, 2014
This fact sheet assesses the progress that partners in California's Prevention and Early Intervention (PEI) Program have made so far in developing capacities and reaching Californians in accordance with the statewide strategic PEI plan.
Measuring Success in Health Care Value-Based Purchasing Programs: Summary and Recommendations — March 4, 2014
Value-based purchasing (VBP) refers to a broad set of performance-based payment strategies that link financial incentives to health care providers' performance on a set of defined measures in an effort to achieve better value. This report summarizes the current state of knowledge about VBP programs and offers recommendations for the design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of VBP programs.
Correctional Education in the United States: How Effective Is It, and How Can We Move the Field Forward? — March 4, 2014
Assesses the effectiveness of correctional education for both incarcerated adults and juveniles, presents the results of a survey of U.S. state correctional education directors, and offers recommendations for improving correctional education.
Measuring Success in Health Care Value-Based Purchasing Programs: Findings from an Environmental Scan, Literature Review, and Expert Panel Discussions — March 4, 2014
Value-based purchasing (VBP) refers to a broad set of performance-based payment strategies that link financial incentives to health care providers' performance on a set of defined measures in an effort to achieve better value. This report summarizes the current state of knowledge about VBP, drawing on a review of the published literature and other documents about VBP programs and discussions with a panel of experts on VBP.
Measuring Deeper Learning Through Cognitively Demanding Test Items: Results from the Analysis of Six National and International Exams — March 3, 2014
Two test consortia are developing a next generation of tests to measure students' attainment of the Common Core State Standards. These tests are expected to assess greater deeper learning skills than existing large-scale tests. A RAND study rated the cognitive demand of six nationally and internationally administered exams. The findings establish a benchmark for comparing how well the new generation of tests performs in assessing deeper learning.
Developing Army Leaders: Lessons for Teaching Critical Thinking in Distributed, Resident, and Mixed-Delivery Venues — March 3, 2014
The authors evaluated the effectiveness of the Common Core — the first phase of the U.S. Army's system for developing critical thinking skills in its officer corps — and the extent of differences among course venues: distributed, resident, and mixed delivery. Future evaluation should focus on whether the best possible outcomes within venues, rather than equivalent outcomes across venues, are achieved.
Using Early Childhood Education to Bridge the Digital Divide — March 3, 2014
Many children in low-income families in the United States are not able to access and use technology in the same ways as their more-advantaged peers. This means they may not be able to benefit from enhanced educational opportunities, and they will have fewer chances to develop the workforce skills they will need to succeed in later life. This Perspective explores the potential role of early childhood education in addressing the digital divide.
Lessons for a Negotiated Settlement in Afghanistan — If History Serves as a Guide — February 28, 2014
Historical insurgencies that ended in settlement after a stalemate have generally followed a seven-step path. A "master narrative" distilled from these cases could help guide and assess the progress toward a negotiated settlement in Afghanistan.
Can New Tests Lead to Better Teaching and Deeper Learning? — February 28, 2014
Summarizes how testing of K–12 students affects teaching practice, and identifies characteristics of assessment systems that can promote deeper-learning skills, such as critical thinking and problem-solving.
Three Essays on Education Policy: Empirical Analyses of the Challenges and Opportunities with For-Profit Colleges, Military Enlistment and Immigration — February 27, 2014
Examines the educational outcomes of for-profit college students, military enlistees and immigrant youth.
The Monetary Costs of Dementia in the United States — February 26, 2014
Testimony presented before the Senate Appropriations Committee, Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies on February 26, 2014.
Penaid Nonproliferation: Hindering the Spread of Countermeasures Against Ballistic Missile Defenses — February 26, 2014
An attacker's missile-borne countermeasures to ballistic missile defenses are known as penetration aids, or penaids. To support efforts to prevent the proliferation of penaid-related items, this research recommends controls on potential exports according to the structure of the international Missile Technology Control Regime.
Partner Capacity in Counterinsurgency Campaigns — February 25, 2014
"Success stories" in small-footprint U.S. interventions have occurred in countries with inclusive politics and reasonable state capacity. Unfortunately, most insurgencies seek to overthrow regimes that are weak in inclusion and capacity.