Are States Ready for a COVID-19 Election?

Updated July 27, 2020

In most states, conducting elections means bringing together large groups of people, often in small spaces, to use shared machines to cast their votes. But to hold an election safely during the COVID-19 pandemic, states need registration and voting options that do the opposite—minimize personal contact, reduce crowds, and limit common access to high-touch surfaces.

Are states prepared to do this? To find out, RAND researchers assessed how much flexibility states have in terms of where, when, and how residents can register to vote and cast their ballots. The researchers examined three key areas:

  • Voter registration: The availability of online, automatic, and same-day registration can help limit the amount of person-to-person contact required to register to vote.
  • Remote voting: Voting by mail provides an option for voters to cast their ballots without gathering at a polling place on Election Day.
  • Early voting: By distributing voters across times and locations, early voting policies help to “spread out” the voting process—limiting the amount of interpersonal contact on Election Day.

These policies may have other implications, especially for voting access and election integrity. However, this analysis focuses on how such policies enable disease-fighting measures like social distancing, and in turn, support a state's ability to conduct safe elections in November. For more on the issues of access and integrity, read our related report, Options for Ensuring Safe Elections.

Note: The information presented here reflects the permanent processes outlined in state voting law and policy documents. A number of states have implemented temporary provisions to help navigate the November 2020 election, such as extending the early voting period or eliminating the excuse requirement for remote voting. These changes are not documented here, but they can be found in chapter five of our full report.

Explore Voting Process Flexibility by State

Overall Flexibility by State

Voter Registration Flexibility by State

Remote Voting by State

Early Voting by State

Alabama

Very Low Flexibility

Alabama's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Alabama must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and there is no early voting. Alabama has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Alabama's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Alabama have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 15 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

No Flexibility

Alabama’s remote voting processes have no flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the country or state, being a student outside the county, an illness or disability, or a work shift. Voters can also request absentee ballots if they are an election worker or poll watcher, a caregiver, or incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due five days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by noon on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Voters must provide a copy of their identification and a signed voter statement.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Because it does not offer early voting, Alabama has no flexibility in this area.

Read more about Alabama's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ala. Code § 17-3-50
Remote Voting Ala. Code 1975 §§ 17-11-3, 3.1, 7

Alaska

Moderate Flexibility

Alaska's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Alaska do not need an excuse to vote by mail and early voting is available, but the state has a short early voting period. Alaska has automatic and online voter registration, but does not allow voters to register on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Alaska's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Alaska have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when they apply for a Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD). Individuals are notified (usually by mail) that they will be registered, at which point they can opt out.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Alaska's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
If applying for an absentee ballot by mail, the application is due ten days before the election. If applying electronically, the application is due by 5:00 p.m. on the day before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots must be mailed no later than Election Day and received no later than the tenth day after Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
The signature of a witness or an official authorized to administer oaths is required in addition to the signed voter statement. For first-time voters, a copy of the voter's identification or other document showing name and address is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Alaska does not notify voters if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Alaska's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 15 days before the election and ends on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at an election supervisor's office or at another location designated by an election director. Days and times vary by election jurisdiction.
Read more about Alaska's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Alaska Stat. 15.07.070(c)
Remote Voting AK §§ 15.20.010 et seq.
Early Voting AK §§ 15.20.064, 045

Arizona

Moderate Flexibility

Arizona's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Arizona do not need an excuse to request an absentee ballot and can choose to vote by mail permanently. Arizona has some flexibility for early voting. Online voter registration is available, but there is no automatic or same-day voter registration in Arizona.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Arizona's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Arizona have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 29 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Arizona's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Arizona voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently, which means that they will receive ballots in the mail every election after they select this option.
Application due date
Applications are due 11 days before Election Day, by 5:00 p.m. local time.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter’s signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
In the case of a rejected ballot, a reasonable effort to contact the voter will be made. Rejected ballots must be “cured” within five days of the election.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Arizona's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 27 days before Election Day and ends the Friday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the county recorder's office, or at any other locations in the county that the recorder deems acceptable. Days and times for early voting are not specified.
Read more about Arizona's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 16-120
Remote Voting ARS § § 16-541 et seq.
Early Voting ARS §§ 16-541 et seq.

Arkansas

Very Low Flexibility

Voting processes in Arkansas have very low flexibility. Voters in Arkansas need an excuse to vote by mail. Early voting is available, but the early voting period is short. Arkansas has no flexibility in its voter registration processes.

Voter Registration

No Flexibility

Voter registration processes in Arkansas have no flexibility.

Does Arkansas have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Remote voting processes in Arkansas have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot if they are “unavoidably absent” or if they have an illness or disability.
Application due date
Applications are due seven days before the general election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 7:30 p.m. on Election Day. (If a voter is out of the country, the ballot must be postmarked by Election Day but can arrive up to ten days after Election Day.)
How are ballots verified?
A copy of the voter's identification and a signed voter statement is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Early voting processes in Arkansas have low flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 15 days before Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. on the Monday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at their county clerk's office or other locations as determined by the county board of election commissioners. Early voting takes place between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, and between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. Saturday. Early voting is not available on state and county holidays.
Read more about Arkansas's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration AR Const. Amend. 51, § 9
Remote Voting Ark. Code Ann. §§ 7-5-402 et seq.
Early Voting A.C.A. § 7-5-418

California

High Flexibility

California's voting processes have high flexibility. Voters in California do not need an excuse to request an absentee ballot and can choose to vote by mail permanently. There is some flexibility for early voting, and the state has automatic, same-day, and online voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

California's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does California have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 15 days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

California's remote voting processes have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. California voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently, which means that they will receive ballots in the mail every election after they select this option.
Application due date
Applications are due seven days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked by Election Day and received within three days of the election.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified of a rejected ballot no later than eight days before the election is certified. “Cured” ballots must be received by 5:00 p.m. two days prior to election certification.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

California's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 29 days before the election and ends the day before the election.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of county election officials and at other locations as determined by county election officials. Early voting days and times vary by county.
Read more about California's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Cal. Elec. Code § 2107
Remote Voting West's Ann.Cal.Elec.Code § 3001 et seq., 3200 et seq.
Early Voting Cal.Elec.Code § 3001

Colorado

Moderate Flexibility

Colorado's voting processes have moderate flexibility. The state has a universal vote-by-mail system with some options for in-person early voting. Colorado has automatic, same-day, and online voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Colorado's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Colorado have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Division of Motor Vehicles). Individuals are notified (usually by mail) that they will be registered unless they choose to opt out.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Colorado's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Colorado is a universal vote-by-mail state. Under this approach, all voting occurs through mail-in ballots, and voting in person is limited to special circumstances.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters whose ballots have a missing or mismatched signature are notified by mail within three days (or within two days after the election). For these ballots to be counted, voters must provide a confirmation form and a letter to the county clerk and recorder within eight days of Election Day.

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Colorado's early voting processes have low flexibility. Colorado is a universal vote-by-mail state that provides some in-person early voting options.

What is the early voting period?
Voter service and polling centers must be open 15 days before an election. Early voting ends on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots during normal business hours every day but Sunday within the 15-day early voting period. Locations for early voting are determined by county election officials.
Read more about Colorado's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Colo. Rev. Stat. § 1-2-201
Remote Voting C.R.S.A. § 1-5-401 et seq., 701 et seq.
Early Voting C.R.S. §1-5-102

Connecticut

Low Flexibility

Connecticut's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters in Connecticut must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and there is no early voting. However, Connecticut's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Connecticut's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Connecticut have automatic voter registration?
Although Connecticut does not have automatic voter registration, it does allow residents to opt into registration during certain interactions with state agencies, such as the Department of Motor Vehicles.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election Seven days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Connecticut's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of town, an illness or a disability, employment as an election worker or poll watcher, and religious beliefs or practices.
Application due date
Applications are due the day before the general election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by the time the polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
A signed voter statement is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Because it does not offer early voting, Connecticut has no flexibility in this area.

Read more about Connecticut's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration C.G.S.A. § 9-23g
Remote Voting C.G.S.A. §§ 9-135, 140, 140b

Delaware

Very Low Flexibility

Delaware's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Delaware must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail or to vote in-person prior to Election Day. Delaware has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration. All-mail voting goes into effect in Delaware in 2022.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Delaware's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Delaware have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 24 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Delaware's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include an illness or a disability, a work shift (including constant caregiving), religious beliefs or practices, and being out of the district on Election Day.
Application due date
Applications are due by noon on the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due before the polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
A signed voter's statement is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballots online, but state law does not specify a remedy process for addressing discarded or rejected ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

What is the early voting period?
There is no designated early voting period in Delaware, but the state has in-person absentee voting for those who cannot vote on Election Day. To vote before Election Day, voters must provide an acceptable excuse.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place at the offices of registrars and at election offices. No days or times are specified.
Read more about Delaware's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Del. Code Tit. 15 §2036 et seq.
Remote Voting 15 Del.C. § 5502 et seq.
Early Voting 15 Del.C. § 5502

District of Columbia

Moderate Flexibility

Voting processes in the District of Columbia have moderate flexibility. Voters in Washington, D.C., do not need an excuse to request an absentee ballot and can choose to vote by mail permanently. The district has a short early voting period but has automatic, same-day, and online voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Voter registration processes in Washington, D.C., have high flexibility.

Does Washington, D.C., have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

Remote voting processes in Washington, D.C., have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Voters in Washington, D.C., can also choose to vote by mail permanently, which means that they will receive ballots in the mail every election after they select this option.
Application due date
Applications must be received no later than seven days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked by Election Day and arrive no later than seven days after Election Day. (If not postmarked by Election Day, other proof of completion must be sent.)
How are ballots verified?
A signed voter statement is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Early voting processes in Washington, D.C., have low flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 12 days before Election Day and ends the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
The elections board will designate no fewer than eight early voting centers, and at least one early voting center within each election ward must be in a central location. Early voting centers will be open from 8:30 a.m. until 7:00 p.m., excluding holidays.
Read more about the District of Columbia's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration DC ST § 1-1001.07
Remote Voting DC ST § 1-1001.07
Early Voting DC CODE § 1-1001.09

Florida

Low Flexibility

Florida's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters in Florida do not need an excuse to vote by mail. Early voting is available, but the early voting period is short. Florida has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Florida's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Florida have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 29 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Florida's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Applications must be received no later than ten days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
County election supervisors are required to notify any voter whose signature is missing or doesn't match records. Such ballots can be “cured” until 5:00 p.m. on Election Day.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form No
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Florida's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?

Early voting begins ten days before Election Day and ends three days before Election Day.

When an election includes state and federal races, it is at the discretion of the elections supervisor to offer early voting 11 to 15 days before Election Day and end it two days before Election Day.

When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at main or branch offices of elections supervisors or at other sites designated by the elections supervisor. Voting hours are no less than eight and no more than 12 per day. Election supervisors can also choose to provide additional days of early voting, including weekends.
Read more about Florida's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Fla. Stat. § 97.055
Remote Voting West's F.S.A. §§ 101.6103 et seq.
Early Voting West's F.S.A. § 101.657

Georgia

High Flexibility

Georgia's voting processes have high flexibility. Voters in Georgia do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state has some flexibility for early voting. Georgia has automatic and online voter registration but does not allow voters to register on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Georgia's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Georgia have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Driver Services). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 29 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Georgia's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due four days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
If a ballot is rejected, the voter is promptly notified. The voter must “cure” the ballot within three days of the election.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Georgia's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins the fourth Monday before a primary or election, or as soon as possible prior to a runoff. Early voting ends the Friday immediately before a primary, election, or runoff.
When and where does early voting take place?

Voters can cast their ballots at board of registrars' offices or at other sites designated by a board of registrars. (A voting location must be a government building that is generally accessible to the public.)

Voting takes place during normal business hours on weekdays and from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on the second Saturday prior to a primary or election. Election officials can choose to allow early voting beyond regular business hours.

Read more about Georgia's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ga. Code Ann. § 21-2-224
Remote Voting Ga. Code Ann., § 21-2-380 et seq.
Early Voting Ga. Code Ann., § 21-2-385

Hawaii

Moderate Flexibility

Hawaii's voting processes have moderate flexibility. The state has a universal vote-by-mail policy with some options for in-person early voting. Hawaii does not have automatic voter registration, but voters can register online and on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Hawaii's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Hawaii have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Hawaii's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Hawaii is a universal vote-by-mail state. Under this approach, all voting occurs through mail-in ballots, and voting in person is limited to special circumstances.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified about a rejected ballot by first-class mail, telephone, or email. Voters have until five days after the election to remedy the issue.

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Hawaii's early voting processes have low flexibility. Hawaii is a universal vote-by-mail state that provides some in-person early voting options.

What is the early voting period?
In-person early voting can begin ten working days prior to Election Day and ends at 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place at the offices of county clerks. Voting hours and any additional voting sites are designated by county clerks. On Election Day, voting hours are from 7:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Read more about Hawaii's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Hawaii Rev. Stat. §11-24
Remote Voting Hawaii Stat. §11-101 et seq.
Early Voting HRS §§ 11-109, 131

Idaho

Moderate Flexibility

Idaho's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Idaho do not need an excuse to request an absentee ballot, but the state has a limited early voting period. Although Idaho does not have automatic voter registration, voters can register online and on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Idaho's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Idaho have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Idaho's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications must be received 11 days prior to the election by 5:00 p.m.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Idaho's early voting processes have low flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Idaho has in-person absentee voting, which begins on or before the third Monday prior to Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Polling places for in-person absentee voting are determined by the county clerk; days and times are not specified. (If a voter is unable—due to physical or other disability—to enter the polling place, an election clerk can hand the voter a ballot outside the polling place but within 40 feet of the building.)
Read more about Idaho's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Idaho Code §34-408
Remote Voting I.C. § 34-1002 et seq.
Early Voting I.C. § 34-1012

Illinois

High Flexibility

Voting processes in Illinois have high flexibility. Voters in Illinois do not require an excuse to request an absentee ballot, and the state has a long early voting period. Illinois also has high flexibility in its voter registration processes.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Voter registration processes in Illinois have high flexibility.

Does Illinois have automatic voter registration?
Although Illinois does not have automatic voter registration, it does allow residents to opt into registration during certain interactions with state agencies, such as the Department of Motor Vehicles.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

Remote voting processes in Illinois have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications must be received five days prior to the election.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked by the end of the day on Election Day and received before the “period for counting provisional ballots cast at that election” closes (i.e., 14 days after the election).
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified within two days of a ballot being rejected and/or before the closing of the period for counting provisional ballots. Voters then have until 14 days after the election to resolve the issue with the county election authority.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form No
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

High Flexibility

Early voting processes in Illinois have high flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins on the 40th day before the election for temporary polling locations and on the 15th day before the election for permanent polling locations. The early voting period ends on the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?

An election authority can establish permanent and temporary polling places for early voting. These include the offices of municipal clerks, offices of township clerks, and county or local public agency offices. Early voting locations must be provided at public universities.

During the early voting period, permanent polling locations must remain open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. or from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on weekdays. Beginning eight days before an election, they must remain open from 8:30 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. or from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. on weekdays, and from 9:00 a.m. until noon on Saturdays and holidays, and from 10:00 a.m. until 4:00 p.m. on Sundays. These permanent locations must stay open at least eight hours on any holiday and a total of at least 14 hours on the final weekend during the early voting period.

Election authorities decide the days and hours for temporary early voting locations.

Read more about Illinois's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration 10 ILCS 5/4-6, 4-16, 5-5, 6-29, 1A-16.5
Remote Voting 10 ILCS 5/1-3.5, 10 ILCS 5/19-1 et seq.
Early Voting 10 ILCS 5/19A-15, 10 ILCS 5/19A-20

Indiana

Very Low Flexibility

Indiana's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Indiana must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and there is very limited in-person early voting. Indiana has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Indiana's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Indiana have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 29 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Indiana's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
For primary elections, all eligible voters can request an absentee ballot. For general elections, voters must provide an acceptable excuse to request an absentee ballot. Acceptable excuses include being out of the county, an illness or disability, a work shift, religious beliefs or practices, and lack of transportation. Voters can also request absentee ballots if they are election workers or poll watchers, participants in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP), or a caregiver to an invalid.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due 12 days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by the time polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Indiana's early voting processes have no flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Indiana offers in-person absentee voting with an appropriate excuse. In-person absentee voting begins 28 days before Election Day and ends at noon on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?

In-person absentee ballots are cast at the offices of circuit court clerks. Satellite locations for early voting can also be established.

In-person absentee voting must be available for at least seven hours on each of the two Saturdays before Election Day, but a county with fewer than 20,000 voters can reduce this period to a minimum of four hours on each of the two Saturdays before Election Day.

Read more about Indiana's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ind. Code §3-7-13-10
Remote Voting Ind. Code §3-11-10-24 et seq.
Early Voting IC 3-11-10-26

Iowa

High Flexibility

Iowa's voting processes have high flexibility. Voters in Iowa do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state has some flexibility for early voting. Iowa does not have automatic voter registration, but it does have online voter registration and allows voters to register on Election Day.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Iowa's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Iowa have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 10 days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Iowa's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Applications for an absentee ballot must be received 5:00 p.m. on the Friday that falls 11 days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots must be postmarked the day before Election Day and received within six days of Election Day. Ballots can also be delivered to a polling place on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
If a ballot affidavit is incomplete or absent, the election commissioner must notify the voter within 24 hours. The voter then has until the day before the election to submit a replacement ballot or cast a ballot at a designated polling place.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Iowa's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Iowa has in-person absentee voting, which begins 29 days before Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
In-person absentee ballots are cast at the offices of election commissioners. Satellite locations can be established by the election commissioner but only upon receipt of a petition signed by at least 100 eligible electors. Any satellite polling location that is established by petition must be open at least one day for a minimum of six hours.
Read more about Iowa's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Iowa Code §48A.9
Remote Voting I.C.A. § 53.2 et seq.
Early Voting I.C.A. §§ 53.10, 11

Kansas

Moderate Flexibility

Kansas's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Kansas do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state has some flexibility for early voting. Kansas offers online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Kansas's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Kansas have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 21 days before election day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Kansas's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications must be received no later than seven days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified if their ballot has been discarded or rejected. These ballots must be “cured” by the end of the official canvass (the process by which ballots are counted and votes are tabulated).
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Kansas's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
In-person advance voting can begin up to 20 days before the election. All counties must offer in-person advance voting no later than one week before the election.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of county election officers, who can also designate satellite locations. Days and times for early voting are not specified.
Read more about Kansas's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Kan. Stat. §25-2311
Remote Voting K.S.A. 25-1120, 21, 22
Early Voting K.S.A. 25-1119

Kentucky

Very Low Flexibility

Kentucky's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Kentucky must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail or to vote early. Kentucky has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Kentucky's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Kentucky have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 29 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Kentucky's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to request an absentee ballot. Acceptable excuses include being out of the country, temporarily living out of state, or being a student outside the county; an illness or disability; a work shift; and jury duty. Voters can also request absentee ballots if they are election workers or poll watchers or incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due seven days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by the time polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record. (If the voter signs with a mark instead of a signature, two witnesses are required.)
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form No
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Kentucky has no flexibility in its early voting processes.

What is the early voting period?
Kentucky has in-person absentee voting for those who provide an acceptable excuse. The voting period begins at least 12 working days before Election Day and ends on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
In-person absentee ballots can be cast during normal business hours at a county clerk's office or at another place that is designated by the county board of elections and approved by the state board of elections.
Read more about Kentucky's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ken. Rev. Stat. § 116.045
Remote Voting KRS § 117.085 et seq.
Early Voting KRS § 117.085

Louisiana

Very Low Flexibility

Louisiana's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Louisiana must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and there is a short in-person early voting period. Louisiana has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Louisiana's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Louisiana have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

No Flexibility

Louisiana has no flexibility in its remote voting processes.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to request an absentee ballot. Acceptable excuses include being outside the parish, an illness or disability, a work shift, and jury duty. Voters can also request absentee ballots if they are election workers or poll watchers, participants in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP), or incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due four days before Election Day by 4:30 p.m.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots must be received by 4:30 p.m. the day before Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
A witness signature is required in addition to a signed voter statement.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Louisiana's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 14 days before Election Day and ends seven days before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at a registrar's office from 8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m., Monday through Saturday, except for holidays. One branch office of the registrar can also be designated as an early voting location, as long as it is in a public building. Alternative early voting locations can be established in the courthouse or in a public building in the immediate vicinity thereof.
Read more about Louisiana's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration LSA-R.S. 18:135
Remote Voting LSA-R.S. 18:1303, 1306, 1307, 1308
Early Voting LSA-R.S. 18:1303, 1309

Maine

Moderate Flexibility

Maine's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Maine do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state offers a long early voting period. However, Maine's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Maine's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Maine have automatic voter registration?
No, but there are plans to implement automatic voter registration starting in 2022.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Maine's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due by the third day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due before the polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
The state does not notify voters if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

High Flexibility

Maine's early voting processes have high flexibility due to a long early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Maine has in-person absentee voting, which begins as soon as absentee ballots are ready (30 to 45 days before the election) and ends three business days before Election Day, unless the voter has an acceptable excuse.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots during regular business hours at a municipal clerk's office.
Read more about Maine's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration 21-A MRSA §121-A, 122
Remote Voting 21-A M.R.S.A. § 753-A, 754-A, 755
Early Voting 21-A M.R.S.A. § 753-B

Maryland

Moderate Flexibility

Maryland's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Maryland do not need an excuse to vote by mail, but there is limited early voting. The state has automatic, same-day, and online voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Maryland's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Maryland have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Motor Vehicle Administration). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

Maryland's remote voting processes have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Applications sent via mail or fax are due the Tuesday before Election Day. Online applications are due the Friday before Election Day. If applying in person via an agent, applications are due by the time polls close on Election Day.
Ballot due date
Ballots must be postmarked on or before Election Day and received no later than ten days after Election Day, by 10:00 a.m.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can inquire about discarded or rejected ballots. Ballots must be “cured” within five days of the date that the official canvass is completed.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Maryland's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins the second Thursday before a primary or general election and ends the Thursday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting locations are established by the state board of elections in collaboration with local boards. The number of locations depends on a county's population and can range from one to five locations per county. Hours for early voting are from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. in a presidential election, and from 10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. each day for all other elections.
Read more about Maryland's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Md. Election Code § 3-302, 305, 306
Remote Voting MD Code, Election Law, § 9-304 et seq.
Early Voting MD Code, Election Law, § 10-301.1

Massachusetts

Low Flexibility

Voting processes in Massachusetts have low flexibility. In Massachusetts, voters must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and there are limited early voting options. Massachusetts has automatic and online voter registration, but voters are not able to register on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Voter registration processes in Massachusetts have moderate flexibility.

Does Massachusetts have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Registry of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 20 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Remote voting processes in Massachusetts have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to request an absentee ballot. Acceptable excuses include being out of town, being out of the county due to school or work, an illness or disability, and religious beliefs or practices.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due seven days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by the time the polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified prior to Election Day if an affidavit signature is absent or if the ballot is rejected for other reasons. If sufficient time allows, they will be sent a new ballot.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Early voting processes in Massachusetts have low flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting is available for state biennial elections. The early voting period begins 11 business days before Election Day and ends the second business day before the election (the Friday before Election Day).
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots during regular business hours at city hall election offices or at a town clerk's office. Additional locations and hours can be provided at the discretion of the city or town registrar.
Read more about Massachusetts's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration M.G.L.A. 51 § 26
Remote Voting M.G.L.A. 54 § 86, 89, 93, 98
Early Voting M.G.L.A. 54 § 25B

Michigan

High Flexibility

Michigan's voting processes have high flexibility. Voters in Michigan do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and Michigan offers a long early voting period. The state has automatic, same-day, and online voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Michigan's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Michigan have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Michigan's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Applications for an absentee ballot are due by 5:00 p.m. on the Friday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are contacted if a ballot affidavit is found in error. Should time allow, voters have an opportunity to request and submit a replacement ballot.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

High Flexibility

Michigan's early voting processes have high flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Michigan has in-person absentee voting, which begins 40 days before Election Day and ends the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
There is at least one early voting location per voting jurisdiction. Early voting locations are open during regular business hours and for at least eight hours on the Saturday and/or Sunday immediately before Election Day. Local election officials can also make in-person absentee voting available for additional times and places beyond what is required.
Read more about Michigan's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration M.C.L.A. 168.497, 168.498
Remote Voting M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 2, § 4
Early Voting M.C.L.A. Const. Art. 2, § 4

Minnesota

Moderate Flexibility

Minnesota's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Minnesota do not need an excuse to vote by mail and can choose to vote by mail permanently. However, mail in ballots must be signed by the voter and notarized or signed by a witness. The state has a long early voting period. Although Minnesota does not have automatic voter registration, it does allow voters to register online and on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Minnesota's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Minnesota have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Minnesota's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently.
Application due date
Vote-by-mail applications are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Mail-in ballots must be received by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?

Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record. The ballot must also be notarized or signed by a witness who is also a registered Minnesota voter.

Voters must also include a certificate with their driver's license number, state identification number, or the last four digits of their Social Security number, or they must indicate that they do not have one of these numbers.

What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

High Flexibility

Minnesota's early voting processes have high flexibility due to a long early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Minnesota offers in-person absentee voting, which begins 46 days before Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the county auditor's office in each county and at the clerk's office in each city or town. Early voting is available during regular business hours on weekdays; from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on the Saturday before Election Day; and from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on the day before Election Day.
Read more about Minnesota's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Minn. Stat. Ann. §201.054, 201.061
Remote Voting M.S.A. § 203B.04, 08
Early Voting M.S.A. §§ 203B.081, 085

Mississippi

Very Low Flexibility

Mississippi's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Mississippi must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail or to vote early. Mississippi does not have automatic, same-day, or online voter registration.

Voter Registration

No Flexibility

Mississippi's voter registration processes have no flexibility.

Does Mississippi have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration No

Remote Voting

No Flexibility

Mississippi has no flexibility in its remote voting processes.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the country, an illness or disability, or being a caregiver to an invalid.
Application due date
Applications for an absentee ballot are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
For presidential elections, completed absentee ballots are due by the time polls close on Election Day. For all other elections, ballots are due by 5:00 p.m. the day before Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record. The ballot must also be signed by a witness.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Mississippi's early voting processes have no flexibility. The state allows in-person absentee voting only with an acceptable excuse.

What is the early voting period?
In-person absentee voting begins 45 days before Election Day. The early voting period ends at noon on the Saturday immediately preceding elections held on a Tuesday, on the Thursday immediately preceding elections held on a Saturday, or the second day immediately preceding elections held on other days.
When and where does early voting take place?
Locations, days, and times for in-person absentee voting are not specified.
Read more about Mississippi's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Miss. Code Ann. § 23-15-37
Remote Voting Miss. Code Ann. § 23-15-715, 721, 731
Early Voting Miss. Code Ann. § 23-15-715

Missouri

Very Low Flexibility

Missouri's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Missouri must have an acceptable excuse to vote by mail or to vote early. Missouri has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Missouri's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Missouri have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 27 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

No Flexibility

Missouri's remote voting processes have no flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the voting jurisdiction, an illness or disability, and religious beliefs or practices. Voters can also request absentee ballots if they are an election worker or poll watcher, a participant in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP), or incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due by 5:00 p.m. on the second Wednesday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by the time polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
The absentee ballot envelope must be signed by the voter and by an election official, notary, or other officer authorized to administer oaths. The voter's identification is also required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Missouri's early voting processes have no flexibility. The state allows in-person absentee voting only with an acceptable excuse.

What is the early voting period?
In-person absentee voting begins the sixth Tuesday before Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Locations, days, and times for in-person absentee voting are not specified.
Read more about Missouri's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration V.A.M.S. 115.135
Remote Voting V.A.M.S. 115.277, 279
Early Voting V.A.M.S. 115.277

Montana

Moderate Flexibility

Montana's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Montana do not need an excuse to vote by mail and can choose to vote by mail permanently. Early voting is available. The state does not have automatic or online voter registration but does allow voters to register on Election Day.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Montana's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Montana have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Montana's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently.
Application due date
Vote-by-mail applications are due by noon on the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Mail-in ballots must be received by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified as soon as possible if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. A replacement ballot must be requested by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Montana's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Montana has in-person absentee voting, which begins 30 days before Election Day and ends the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place at elections offices. No days or times are specified.
Read more about Montana's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration MCA 13-2-301, 304
Remote Voting M.C.A. §§ 13-13-205, 211, 212, 246, 13-19-307
Early Voting M.C.A. §13-13-205

Nebraska

Moderate Flexibility

Nebraska's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Nebraska do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state has some flexibility for early voting. Nebraska has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Nebraska's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Nebraska have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 11 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Nebraska's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due the second Friday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Mail-in ballots must be received by the close of polls on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
A signed oath by the voter is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Nebraska's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 30 days before Election Day and ends when the polls close on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of county clerks or election commissioners. Days and hours for early voting are not specified.
Read more about Nebraska's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Neb. Rev. St. § 32-302, 304
Remote Voting Neb. Rev.St. §§ 32-808, 947
Early Voting N.R.S. §§ 32-808, 938, 942

Nevada

Moderate Flexibility

Nevada's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Nevada do not need an excuse to vote by mail and can choose to vote by mail permanently. The state has some options for early voting and has automatic, same-day, and online voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Nevada's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Nevada have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 28 days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

Nevada's remote voting processes have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently.
Application due date
Vote-by-mail applications are due 14 days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Mail-in ballots must be postmarked on or before Election Day and received within the period for counting ballots.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
County clerks will notify voters of any signature absence or discrepancy. Voters then have until the seventh day after the election to resolve the issue.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Nevada's early voting processes have low flexibility due to the relatively short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins the third Saturday before Election Day and ends the Friday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?

Permanent and branch locations for early voting are designated by the county clerk. There can also be special requirements for early voting sites on Native American reservations.

Early voting hours are established by the county clerk but should be made available for at least eight hours a day Monday through Friday and for at least four hours on any Saturday that falls within the early voting period. The county clerk can also choose to offer Sunday hours and can require permanent voting locations to stay open until 8:00 p.m. on Saturdays.

Read more about Nevada's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration N.R.S. 293.356 et seq.
Remote Voting N.R.S. 293.3088 et seq.
Early Voting N.R.S. 293.356 et seq.

New Hampshire

Very Low Flexibility

New Hampshire's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and the state does not offer early voting. There is no automatic or online voter registration in New Hampshire, but voters can register on Election Day.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

New Hampshire's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does New Hampshire have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

New Hampshire's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being outside the town or city, an illness or disability, a work shift, religious beliefs or practices, or being a caregiver for a child or disabled person. Some voters can also be eligible to receive an absentee ballot due to a National Weather Service winter weather warning.
Application due date
Applications for an absentee ballot are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 5:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballots online, but state law does not require notification and does not specify a remedy process for addressing discarded or rejected ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Because it does not offer early voting, New Hampshire has no flexibility in this area.

Read more about New Hampshire's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration N.H. Rev. Stat. §654:7, 654:7-a
Remote Voting N.H. Rev. Stat. § 657:1 et seq.

New Jersey

High Flexibility

New Jersey's voting processes have high flexibility. Voters in New Jersey do not need an excuse to vote by mail and can also choose to vote by mail permanently. The state also has highly flexible early voting processes and has automatic and same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

New Jersey's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does New Jersey have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Motor Vehicle Commission). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 21 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

New Jersey's remote voting processes have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently.
Application due date
Vote-by-mail applications are due seven days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Mail-in ballots must be postmarked by Election Day and received by the county board within 48 hours of the polls closing.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballots online and can dispute ballot discrepancies after the election. However, state law does not require notification and no remedy process is specified for addressing discarded or rejected ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form No
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

High Flexibility

New Jersey's early voting processes have high flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
New Jersey has in-person absentee voting, which begins 45 days before Election Day and ends at 3:00 p.m. on the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of county clerks. No days and times are specified.
Read more about New Jersey's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration N.J.S.A. 19:31-6
Remote Voting N.J.S.A. 19:63-6 et seq.
Early Voting N.J.S.A.§19:63-6

New Mexico

Moderate Flexibility

New Mexico's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in New Mexico do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state has some flexibility for early voting. New Mexico has online voter registration and has approved automatic voter registration, but voters cannot register on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

New Mexico's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does New Mexico have automatic voter registration?
Automatic voter registration has been approved but is not yet implemented.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 28 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

New Mexico's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due the Tuesday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots must include a signed voter statement.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

New Mexico's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 28 days before Election Day and ends the Saturday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?

Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of county clerks. Depending on the number of voters in a county, one more alternate early voting locations can also be available.

Early voting takes place during regular hours and days of business and from 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on the Saturday immediately prior to Election Day. Alternative voting locations will open no earlier than 7:00 a.m. and close no later than 9:00 p.m. All early voting locations must be open each day of early voting for at least eight consecutive hours. Alternative voting locations can be closed Sundays and Mondays during the early voting period.

Read more about New Mexico's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration N. M. S. A. § 1-4-8
Remote Voting N. M. S. A. 1978, §§ 1-6-4, 5, 5.7, 9, 10
Early Voting N.M.S.A. §§ 1-6-5, 7

New York

Low Flexibility

New York's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and the state's early voting period is short. New York has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

New York's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does New York have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 25 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

New York's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being outside the county or outside New York City, an illness or disability, being incarcerated but qualified to vote, or being a resident of a Veterans Health Administration hospital.
Application due date
Applications for an absentee ballot are due seven days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots must be postmarked by Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

New York's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins ten days before Election Day and ends the second day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?

There must be at least one early voting location for every 50,000 registered voters in a county, but no more than seven locations are required. Counties with fewer than 50,000 registered voters must have at least one early voting location.

Early voting locations must be open for at least eight hours between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m. each weekday during the early voting period. At least one location must be open until 8:00 p.m. on at least two weekdays during each calendar week of the early voting period. Locations must be open for at least five hours between 9:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on each Saturday, Sunday, and legal holiday during the early voting period. Boards of elections can also establish a greater number of hours beyond what is required.

Read more about New York's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration N.Y. Election Law §5-210
Remote Voting McKinney's Election Law §§ 8-400, 412
Early Voting McKinney's Election Law § 8-600

North Carolina

Moderate Flexibility

North Carolina's voting processes have moderate flexibility. North Carolina allows absentee voting without an excuse, but absentee ballots must be signed by the voter and a notary or two witnesses. North Carolina has some flexibility in early voting, but its voter registration processes are very limited: There is no automatic, same-day, or online voter registration, but voters can register and vote at the same time during the state's early voting period.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

North Carolina's voter registration processes have low flexibility. Although North Carolina does not have same-day registration for Election Day, voters in North Carolina can register and vote on the same day at any “one-stop absentee voting site” during the early voting period.

Does North Carolina have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 25 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

North Carolina's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due by 7:00 p.m. on the Friday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked by Election Day and received no later than three days after Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
The ballot must be signed by the voter and a notary or two witnesses.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

North Carolina's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins the third Wednesday before Election Day and ends at 7:00 p.m. on the last Friday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Within the early voting period, voters can cast their ballots during regular business hours at county board of elections offices. Early voting locations will also be open on the last Saturday before the election. A county board can choose to conduct one-stop absentee voting during evenings or on weekends.
Read more about North Carolina's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. § 163-82.6
Remote Voting N.C.G.S.A. §§ 163-227.2, 234
Early Voting N.C.G.S.A. § 163-227.2

North Dakota

Moderate Flexibility

North Dakota's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in North Dakota do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and there is limited early voting. The state allows all U.S. citizens who can prove residency in North Dakota to vote.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

North Dakota does not have voter registration. All U.S. citizens who can prove residency in North Dakota are able to vote.

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

North Dakota's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked at least one day before Election Day and received no later than five days after Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

North Dakota's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a relatively short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 15 days before Election Day and ends the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting locations, days, and times are chosen at the discretion of the county auditor.
Read more about North Dakota's voting laws
Statute Link
Remote Voting NDCC, 16.1-07-01 et seq.
Early Voting NDCC, 16.1-07-15

Ohio

Moderate Flexibility

Ohio's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Ohio do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and the state has some early voting options. Ohio has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Ohio's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Ohio have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Ohio's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due three days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked at least one day before Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record. Voters must also provide a driver's license number or the last four digits of their Social Security number. In lieu of providing either of those numbers, voters can enclose a copy of their identification.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are sent notices if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. Voters have until the seventh day after the election to resolve the issue.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Ohio's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Ohio has in-person absentee voting, which begins the day after voter registration closes and ends before the polls close on Election Day (7:30 p.m.).
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast ballots at board of elections offices. Some counties also offer other voter centers. Days and times for early voting are not specified.
Read more about Ohio's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ohio Rev. Code Ann. §3503.19
Remote Voting R.C. § 3509.01
Early Voting R.C. § 3509.01

Oklahoma

Very Low Flexibility

Oklahoma's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters in Oklahoma do not need an excuse to vote by mail, but absentee ballots must be signed by the voter and notarized. There is a short period for early voting, and Oklahoma does not have automatic or same-day voter registration. Voters cannot register to vote online, but the state has passed legislation that will allow this in the future.

Voter Registration

No Flexibility

Oklahoma's voter registration processes have no flexibility.

Does Oklahoma have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 25 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Oklahoma's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due by 5:00 p.m. on the Tuesday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Absentee ballots must be notarized.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballots online, but state law does not specify a remedy process for addressing discarded or rejected ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Oklahoma's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Oklahoma has in-person absentee voting, which begins the Thursday before Election Day and ends at 2:00 p.m. on the Saturday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting locations are designated by the county election board. For counties of more than 25,000 registered voters or with an area of more than 1,500 square miles, more than one location can be available. Voting hours at these locations are 8:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekdays and 8:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. on Saturdays.
Read more about Oklahoma's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Okla. Stat. tit. 26 § 4-110.1
Remote Voting 26 Okl.St.Ann. § 14-101 et seq.
Early Voting 26 Okl.St.Ann. § 14-115.4

Oregon

High Flexibility

Oregon's voting processes have high flexibility. The state has a universal vote-by-mail policy with some options for in-person early voting. Oregon has automatic and online voter registration, but voters cannot register to vote on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Oregon's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Oregon have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at Driver and Motor Vehicle Services). Individuals are notified (usually by mail) after they have been registered, at which point they can opt out.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 21 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Oregon's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Oregon is a universal vote-by-mail state. Under this approach, all voting occurs through mail-in ballots, and voting in person is limited to special circumstances.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
County clerks will notify voters by mail of any signature absence or discrepancy. For their ballot to count, voters must complete a certified statement and return it with the notice by the 14th day after the election.

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Oregon's early voting processes have moderate flexibility. It is a universal vote-by-mail state with some options for in-person early voting.

What is the early voting period?
Drop sites for mail-in ballots must be open starting the Friday before an election, but they can open as soon as ballots are available (18 days before Election Day). Ballots are due on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Ballots can be submitted during normal business hours at election offices or other staffed locations (e.g., libraries, city halls), or via outdoor mailboxes.
Read more about Oregon's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Ore. Rev. Stat. § 247.017
Remote Voting O.R.S. § 254.465 et seq.
Early Voting O.R.S. § 254.465 et seq.

Pennsylvania

Moderate Flexibility

Pennsylvania's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Pennsylvania must have an excuse to request an absentee ballot, but the state also offers a mail-in voting option (no excuse required). There is no early voting, automatic voter registration, or same-day registration in Pennsylvania, but voters can register online.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Pennsylvania's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Pennsylvania have automatic voter registration?
Although Pennsylvania does not have automatic voter registration, it does allow residents to opt into registration during certain interactions with state agencies, such as the Department of Motor Vehicles.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 15 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Pennsylvania's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Voters can also apply to vote by mail (without an excuse) on an annual basis.
Application due date
Applications for mail-in ballots are due by 5:00 p.m. on the Tuesday before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Voters must provide a signed voter statement on the envelope containing their ballot.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballots online, but there is no state requirement to notify voters and no remedy process is specified for addressing discarded or rejected ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Pennsylvania does not have early voting, so there is no flexibility in this area.

Read more about Pennsylvania's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Pa. Cons. Stat. tit. 25 § 1231
Remote Voting 25 P.S. 3150.11 et seq., 2019 Act 77

Rhode Island

Low Flexibility

Rhode Island's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters in Rhode Island do not need an excuse to vote by mail, but absentee ballots must be signed by the voter and notarized or signed by two witnesses. The state does not have early voting, but Rhode Island has online voter registration and automatic voter registration. Same-day voter registration is available for presidential elections.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Rhode Island's voter registration processes have high flexibility. The state allows same-day registration but only for presidential elections.

Does Rhode Island have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Division of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Rhode Island's remote voting processes have low flexibility. Voters do not need an excuse to vote by mail, but the state does not have early voting.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due 21 days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record. The ballot must also be notarized or signed by two witnesses.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified by mail, email, or phone if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. Voters must “cure” ballots within seven days of the election.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

No Flexibility

Rhode Island does not have early voting, so there is no flexibility in this area.

Read more about Rhode Island's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration R.I. Gen. Laws § 17-9.1-3
Remote Voting Gen.Laws 1956, § 17-20-1 et seq.

South Carolina

Very Low Flexibility

South Carolina's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and early voting is limited. South Carolina has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

South Carolina's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does South Carolina have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

No Flexibility

South Carolina has no flexibility in its remote voting processes.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the county, an illness or disability, a work shift, jury duty, or a family member's death or funeral. Absentee ballots can also be requested by those who are election workers or poll watchers or those who are incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due four days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots must be signed by the voter and by a witness.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected after the polls close. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

No Flexibility

South Carolina's early voting processes have no flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
South Carolina has in-person absentee voting for those with qualifying excuses. The start date is not specified, but the early voting period ends at 5:00 p.m. the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Locations, days, and times for early voting are not specified.
Read more about South Carolina's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration S.C. Code Ann. § 7-5-150
Remote Voting Code 1976 § 7-15-320 et seq.
Early Voting Code 1976 § 7-15-330

South Dakota

Moderate Flexibility

South Dakota's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in South Dakota do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and there is a long early voting period. South Dakota does not have automatic, same-day, or online voter registration.

Voter Registration

No Flexibility

South Dakota's voter registration processes have no flexibility.

Does South Dakota have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 15 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

South Dakota's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

High Flexibility

South Dakota's early voting processes have high flexibility due to a long early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
South Dakota has in-person absentee voting, which begins 46 days before Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots during regular business hours at the offices of individuals who are in charge of the election.
Read more about South Dakota's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration S.D. Codified Laws § 12-4-5
Remote Voting SDCL § 12-19-1 et seq.
Early Voting SDCL § 12-19-2.1

Tennessee

Very Low Flexibility

Tennessee's voting processes have very low flexibility. Voters must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and early voting is limited. Tennessee has online voter registration but no automatic or same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Tennessee's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Tennessee have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Tennessee's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the county, an illness or disability, a work shift, religious beliefs or practices, and jury duty. Absentee ballots can also be requested by those who are election workers or poll watchers.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due seven days before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballot online. “Cured” ballots are due by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Tennessee's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 20 days before Election Day and ends five days before Election Day. (In a presidential preference primary election, early voting ends seven days before Election Day.)
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at a county election commission office or another polling place designated by the county election commission. Early voting locations must be open a minimum of three consecutive hours between 8:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. on weekdays and Saturdays during the early voting period. On at least three days, these locations must be open between 4:30 p.m. and 7:00 p.m., and on at least one Saturday between 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
Read more about Tennessee's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Tenn. Code Ann. § 2-2-109
Remote Voting T. C. A. § 2-6-201
Early Voting T. C. A. § 2-6-102, 103

Texas

Low Flexibility

Texas's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters in Texas must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and the state has limited early voting options. Texas does not offer automatic, same-day, or online voter registration.

Voter Registration

No Flexibility

Voter registration processes in Texas have no flexibility.

Does Texas have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 30 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Remote voting processes in Texas have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the county, an illness or disability, if the voter is a participant in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP), or if the voter is incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Applications for an absentee ballot are due four days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots must be postmarked by Election Day and received no later than one day after the election.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified of a discarded or rejected ballot either in person or by mail. Voters' “cured” ballots must be received before the original absentee ballot deadline.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Early voting processes in Texas have low flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 17 days before Election Day (except if that day falls on a weekend or a holiday) and ends four days before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early polling places and days and times for early voting are determined by a designated early voting clerk. See Texas Election Code for more details.
Read more about Texas's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration V.T.C.A., Election Code §13.143
Remote Voting V.T.C.A., Election Code § 82.001-004; 86.001 et seq.
Early Voting V.T.C.A., Election Code §§ 85.001, 002, 005

Utah

Moderate Flexibility

Utah's voting processes have moderate flexibility. The state has a universal vote-by-mail policy and has same-day and online voter registration. In-person early voting is available but limited.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Utah's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Utah have automatic voter registration?
Although Utah does not have automatic voter registration, it does allow residents to opt into registration during certain interactions with state agencies, such as the Department of Motor Vehicles.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election Seven days before Election Day
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Utah's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Utah is a universal vote-by-mail state. Under this approach, all voting occurs through mail-in or drop-off ballots, and voting in person is limited to special circumstances.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be clearly postmarked by the day before Election Day (or otherwise clearly marked as received by the post office before Election Day). Ballots must be received by the office of the election officer before noon on the day of the official canvass for the election or in an election drop box by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?

If a ballot is rejected before Election Day, officials will notify the voter in one to two business days. If a ballot is rejected on Election Day or between Election Day and the end of the official canvass (the process by which ballots are counted and votes are tabulated), the voter will be notified within seven days.

To “cure” a rejected ballot, voters must sign a new affidavit statement provided by the clerk's office and return it by 5:00 p.m. on the day before the official canvass (which takes place seven to 14 days after Election Day).

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Utah's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
In-person early voting begins 14 days before Election Day and ends the Friday before Election Day if the election date is a Tuesday. An election officer can choose to extend the end of this voting period to the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place in government offices selected by an election officer. Locations must be open least four days each week and on the last day of the early voting period. The election officer can also choose to conduct early voting on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.
Read more about Utah's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Utah Code § 20A-2-102.5, 206, 207
Remote Voting U.C.A. 1953 § 20A-3-301 et seq.
Early Voting U.C.A. 1953 § 20A-3-601-603

Vermont

High Flexibility

Vermont's voting processes have high flexibility. Voters do not need an excuse to request an absentee ballot, and the state has a long early voting period. Vermont has automatic, online, and same-day voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Vermont's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Vermont have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Vermont's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Applications are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Voters must provide a signed voter statement on the envelope containing the ballot.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

High Flexibility

Vermont's early voting processes have high flexibility due to a long early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 45 days before Election Day and extends through Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of town clerks, who can also make “mobile polling stations” available. Days and times are not specified.
Read more about Vermont's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 17, § 2144
Remote Voting 17 V.S.A. § 2531 et seq.
Early Voting 17 V.S.A. §§ 2531-2537

Virginia

Moderate Flexibility

Virginia's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Virginia voters can vote by mail without an excuse, but ballots require a witness signature in addition to the signed voter statement. The state has a long early voting period and has automatic and online voter registration. However, voters cannot register on the same day as the election.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Virginia's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Virginia have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Motor Vehicles). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 22 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Virginia's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required. Virginia voters can also choose to vote by mail permanently, which means that they will receive ballots in the mail every election after they select this option.
Application due date
Applications are due the day before the election.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots are due by the close of polls on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
The ballot must be signed by the voter and by a witness.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
If a ballot is rejected, the voter is provided written notice within 90 days. The voter can then cast a ballot in person on Election Day.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

High Flexibility

Virginia's early voting processes have high flexibility due to a long early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 45 days before Election Day and ends at 5:00 p.m. the Saturday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots during regular business hours at offices of the general registrar. These locations must be open a minimum of eight hours between 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. on the two Saturdays before the election. Additional early voting locations in public buildings can also be established.
Read more about Virginia's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Va. Code Ann. § 24.2-416
Remote Voting VA Code Ann. § 24.2-700 et seq.
Early Voting VA Code Ann. § 24.2-701.1

Washington

High Flexibility

Washington's voting processes have high flexibility. The state has a universal vote-by-mail policy with some in-person early voting options. Washington has online, same-day, and automatic voter registration.

Voter Registration

High Flexibility

Washington's voter registration processes have high flexibility.

Does Washington have automatic voter registration?
Yes. Eligible citizens are automatically registered to vote when making a transaction with a state agency (e.g., getting a driver's license at the Department of Licensing). Individuals can opt out of registering if they choose.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

High Flexibility

Washington's remote voting processes have high flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Washington is a universal vote-by-mail state. Under this approach, all voting occurs through mail-in ballots, and voting in person is limited to special circumstances.
Ballot due date
Completed ballots must be postmarked by Election Day and received no later than five days after Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are notified by mail if a ballot is rejected due to a missing or mismatching signature. Voters must “cure” their ballots by signing and returning a statement before election certification (21 days after Election Day). Three days before certification, county auditors must attempt to phone any voters with outstanding ballots to be cured.

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Washington's early voting processes have moderate flexibility. It is a universal vote-by-mail state with some options for in-person early voting.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 18 days before Election Day and ends at 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place during normal business hours at public buildings or buildings that are leased by a public entity, including libraries.
Read more about Washington's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Wash. Rev. Code 29A.08.140
Remote Voting Rev. Code of Wash. 29A.40.010, 091, 160
Early Voting West's RCWA 29A.40.160

West Virginia

Low Flexibility

West Virginia's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters in West Virginia must provide an acceptable excuse to vote by mail, and the state has a short early voting period. Voters can register online but not on the same day as the election. West Virginia has plans to implement automatic voter registration in 2021.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

West Virginia's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does West Virginia have automatic voter registration?
Automatic voter registration has been approved but will not be implemented until 2021.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 21 days before Election Day
Same-day registration No
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

West Virginia's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Eligible voters can request an absentee ballot with an acceptable excuse. Acceptable excuses include being out of the county, an illness or disability, a work shift, if the voter is a participant in the Address Confidentiality Program (ACP), and if the voter is incarcerated but qualified to vote.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due six days before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots must be received no later than one day after Election Day, or they must be postmarked no later than Election Day and received by the hour at which the board of canvassers begins counting ballots. For eligible voters, including people with disabilities, electronic ballots must be submitted by the time polls close on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots are verified by a signature match: Signed ballots are checked against the voter's signature on record.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters can check the status of their ballots online, but state law does not require notification or specify a remedy process for addressing discarded or rejected ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions Yes

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

West Virginia's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Early voting begins 13 days before Election Day and ends three days before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place at a courthouse, the annex next to a courthouse, or at additional locations designated by the county commission. These polling places must be open from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. on Saturdays during the early voting period.
Read more about West Virginia's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration W. Va. Code, § 3-2-6
Remote Voting W. Va. Code, §§ 3-3-1, 5, 6
Early Voting W. Va. Code, §§ 3-3-2a, 3

Wisconsin

Low Flexibility

Wisconsin's voting processes have low flexibility. Voters in Wisconsin do not need an excuse to vote by mail, but there is a limited period for early voting. Wisconsin has same-day and online voter registration but does not have automatic voter registration.

Voter Registration

Moderate Flexibility

Wisconsin's voter registration processes have moderate flexibility.

Does Wisconsin have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration Yes

Remote Voting

Low Flexibility

Wisconsin's remote voting processes have low flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Applications submitted by mail are due five days before Election Day. Applications submitted in person are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 8:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
Ballots must be signed by the voter and by a witness.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Municipal clerks return any deficient absentee ballot envelopes to the voter with a new envelope. The voter then has until the polls close on Election Day to return the envelope with a corrected signature.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application Yes
Statewide application form Yes
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Low Flexibility

Wisconsin's early voting processes have low flexibility due to a short early voting period.

What is the early voting period?
Wisconsin has in-person absentee voting, which begins 14 days before Election Day and ends the Sunday before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Voters can cast their ballots at the offices of municipal clerks. The governing body of a municipality can also designate other sites as early voting locations. Voting days and times will be determined by the municipality.
Read more about Wisconsin's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Wis. Stat. § 6.28
Remote Voting W.S.A. 6.85 et seq.
Early Voting W.S.A. 6.855, 6.86

Wyoming

Moderate Flexibility

Wyoming's voting processes have moderate flexibility. Voters in Wyoming do not need an excuse to vote by mail, and there is some flexibility for early voting. The state allows voters to register on the day of the election but does not have automatic or online voter registration.

Voter Registration

Low Flexibility

Wyoming's voter registration processes have low flexibility.

Does Wyoming have automatic voter registration?
No.
More details on voter registration
Aspect Status
Deadline to register to vote in the general election 0 days
Same-day registration Yes
Online registration No

Remote Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Wyoming's remote voting processes have moderate flexibility.

Who is eligible to vote by mail?
Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot to vote remotely. No excuse is required.
Application due date
Absentee ballot applications are due the day before Election Day.
Ballot due date
Completed absentee ballots are due by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day.
How are ballots verified?
A signed voter statement is required.
What is the remedy process for rejected ballots?
Voters are not notified if their ballots have been discarded or rejected. No process is specified for remedying such ballots.
More details on remote voting
Aspect Status
Online application No
Statewide application form No
Application return restrictions No

Early Voting

Moderate Flexibility

Wyoming's early voting processes have moderate flexibility.

What is the early voting period?
Wyoming has in-person absentee voting, which begins 40 days before Election Day and ends the day before Election Day.
When and where does early voting take place?
Early voting takes place at a courthouse or other public building that can accommodate voters from all districts and precincts. These locations will be open the same hours as the courthouse on normal business days. The county clerk can also establish satellite polling places in one or more public buildings within the county.
Read more about Wyoming's voting laws
Statute Link
Voter Registration Wyo. Stat. § 22-3-102, 104
Remote Voting W.S.1977 § 22-9-105 et seq.
Early Voting W.S.1977 §§ 22-9-105, 125
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