Population and Aging

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RAND research on population and aging analyzes demographic and immigration trends and explores a range of issues, from family planning to religion to discrimination. RAND also studies vulnerable populations—such as the elderly and the poor—analyzing retirement and other aspects of financial decisionmaking, welfare, and end-of-life issues.

  • an elderly couple, man possibly with dementia

    Journal Article

    Cost of Dementia Tops $159 Billion Annually in the United States

    Apr 3, 2013

    The monetary cost of dementia in the United States ranges from $159 billion to $215 billion annually, making the disease more costly to the nation than either heart disease or cancer. The greatest cost is associated with providing institutional and home-based long-term care rather than medical services.

Explore Population and Aging

  • A home health nurse checking man's blood pressure

    News Release

    Registered Nurses' Delayed Retirement Helps to Boost Nursing Supply in the U.S.

    One reason that the nation's supply of registered nurses has grown substantially in recent years is that older RNs are working longer than in the past. From 1991 to 2012, among RNs working at age 50, 24 percent remained working as late as age 69. From 1969 to 1990 only 9 percent did.

    Jul 16, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Are Mental Disorders More Common in Urban Than Rural Areas of the United States?

    Urban vs. rural residence is commonly cited as a risk factor for depression and other mental disorders, but epidemiological evidence for this relationship in the US is inconclusive.

    Jul 15, 2014

  • South African men create a sandbag building for EcoSteps

    Blog

    Could Alternatives Ease the Misery of South Africa's Housing Crisis?

    The government's plan to replace cardboard shacks with cement houses may not be the only route to easing South Africa's housing woes. Increasingly, academic researchers, non-governmental organizations, and private companies are demonstrating pragmatic, low-cost, alternatives.

    Jul 10, 2014

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    Research Brief

    Will Heath Care Reform Affect Disability Insurance Claiming?

    By enabling access to affordable private health insurance and expanding access to subsidized public health insurance, the Affordable Care Act alters the calculus of disability claiming decisions. Research offers empirical evidence that, on net, disability applications are likely to decrease.

    Jul 10, 2014

  • Man in wheelchair with caregiver, sitting by a lake

    Blog

    Parallel Caregiver Crises, Military and Civilian

    Among American caregivers, there are two expanding populations: those caring for military servicemembers struggling with physical or emotional wounds of war and those looking after people with dementia. Both face incalculable financial stresses and threats to their own health as a result of their caregiving roles.

    Jul 9, 2014

  • Report

    How Have Levels of Intolerance Changed in Western Europe?

    This infographic presents a visualisation of the main findings of our study on intolerance in Western Europe.

    Jul 8, 2014

  • Teacher and preschool students reading outside

    Blog

    Ask Me Anything: Catherine Augustine on Summer Learning

    With summer now underway, RAND's Catherine Augustine hosted an "Ask Me Anything" session on Reddit, answering questions about year-round schooling, how to get the most out of summer learning programs, and more.

    Jul 3, 2014

  • Report

    Geographic Targeting in Urban Areas: A Social-Welfare Program for Older People in Mexico

    This report compares results of a social-gap index and those of other tools used to target social-welfare programs in Mexico. It also assesses the feasibility of targeting delivery of noncontributory pensions for older people who live in urban areas.

    Jul 1, 2014

  • Man proposing to a surprised woman with a ring

    Blog

    Are Youth Putting Off Marriage Because of Their Student Loan Debt?

    Women with higher loan balances may be less likely to get married than their peers with lower or no loan balances. But as time goes on, young adults adjust to their post-college financial situation and eventually get promotions, earn raises, obtain other assets, and get married.

    Jun 26, 2014

  • News Release

    Improving Dementia Long-Term Care: RAND Offers Policy Blueprint to Assist Millions

    As millions of Americans struggle to help loved ones with dementia, policymakers should consider more ways to improve long-term services and supports for the soaring numbers of people with the debilitating condition and their caregivers.

    Jun 23, 2014

  • old hands on walking stick

    Project

    Dementia Blueprint

    Annual costs of dementia exceed those of cancer and heart disease and will only continue to rise as the nation's population ages. Key policy options can help strengthen and improve long-term services and supports for those with dementia and their caregivers.

    Jun 23, 2014

  • losing brain function, tree with leaves falling

    Research Brief

    What Can Be Done About Dementia?

    Policy options to improve dementia long-term care include those that increase public awareness and promote earlier detection, improve access to and quality of services, increase support to family caregivers, and reduce the cost burden.

    Jun 22, 2014

  • Woman walking with and guiding her elderly grandmother

    Report

    Improving Dementia Long-Term Care: A Policy Blueprint

    As millions of Americans struggle to help loved ones with dementia, policymakers should consider more ways to improve long-term services and supports for the soaring number of people with the debilitating condition and their caregivers.

    Jun 22, 2014

  • A man passes by the skyline of New York's Lower Manhattan and One World Trade Center as he walks through Liberty State Park in Jersey City, NJ

    Blog

    RAND Research Influences Debate on Terrorism Insurance

    To inform the debate on whether the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act (TRIA) should be continued or allowed to expire, RAND prepared policy briefs on three topics of central concern to policymakers: national security perspectives, the impact on federal spending, and the impact on workers' compensation markets.

    Jun 19, 2014

  • Research Brief

    Is Multisystemic Therapy (MST) Effective for Hispanic Youth? An Evaluation of Outcomes for Juvenile Offenders in Los Angeles County

    Multisystemic Therapy improves outcomes for Hispanic youth in the Los Angeles County juvenile justice system. Although initial program costs are high, decreased criminal justice costs over time for high-risk youth could eventually outweigh them.

    Jun 17, 2014

  • The Tribute in Light is illuminated on the skyline of New York's Lower Manhattan as people look across the Hudson River in Jersey City, September 11, 2013

    Blog

    3 Terrorism Risk Insurance Act Facts for Congress to Consider

    With the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act set to expire this year, Congress is currently revisiting a crucial question: What is the appropriate government role in terrorism insurance markets? As the debate unfolds on Capitol Hill, policymakers should consider three key research findings.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • two preschool children using colored pencils

    Blog

    Narrowing the Income Achievement Gap

    The achievement gap between children from the highest- and lowest-income families has substantially grown since 1960. The income achievement gap is now about twice the size of the black-white achievement gap.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • U.S. Vice President Joe Biden meets students at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campus at Powai in Mumbai

    Blog

    Four Approaches to Improve Higher Education in India Through Policies

    In India, university enrolment has grown from 10 to 23 million from 2000 to 2013, and so has interest in improving access and quality. A review of research on higher-education policies on affirmative action, financial aid, private education, and vocational education identifies gaps in research on improving access and quality.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • woman playing with toddler

    Report

    Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage: Early Childhood Interventions and Progression to Higher Education in Europe

    In the long term, early childhood education and care (ECEC) can boost the academic abilities of disadvantaged students, thus enabling them to pursue higher studies. Whether ECEC results in increased access to higher education remains to be seen.

    Jun 12, 2014

  • RR555

    Report

    Social Protection During the Economic Crisis: How Do Changes to Benefits Systems Affect Children?

    The economic crisis and its widespread effects have increased poverty and social exclusion risks, notably through cuts in public spending leading to underinvestment in child-focused policies. However, EU authorities increasingly realise that the austerity measures affecting the expenditure on early intervention and preventive policies may result in greater public spending in the future.

    Jun 12, 2014