RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  •  Two Prominent Computer Engineers Working with Programming Software on Personal Computer. In the Background Scientifically Advanced Research Center.

    Exploring the opportunities and challenges of research engagement with China

    22 Jun 2022

    An independent and evidence-based study into UK academics' research engagement with China explored how and why UK academics engage with China on joint research activities with the goal of better understanding how UK research organisations manage any resulting risks.

  • Afghanistan National Army 1st Sgt. Najibullah Bakht Beland addresses the concerns of local elders near the first observation post 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marine Regiment, set up in Southern Shorshork, Helmand province, Afghanistan, as part of Operation New Dawn, photo by Sgt. Mark Fayloga, USMC/Public Domain

    Human security and the 2022 NATO Strategic Concept

    15 Jun 2022

    RAND Europe brought together over forty experts from across military, government, academia, think tanks, and civil society for a seminar to explore the concept of human security and its applications at NATO now and in the future.

  • Home-grown cannabis, photo by Gerardo Colman Lerner/Adobe Stock

    Analysis of non-profit models of cannabis regulation

    06 Jun 2022

    The Swiss Federal Office for Public Health has commissioned RAND researchers to provide an overview of non-commercial regulation models for cannabis.

  • Asian baby with a breathing device, photo by mikumistock/Adobe Stock

    The impact of respiratory syncytial virus on the NHS, society and economy in the UK

    31 May 2022

    Researchers estimate the total economic impact of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) to be around £80 million each year, based on a rapid evidence assessment to model the disease's wider societal and economic burden in the UK.

  • Close-up on a blue open sign in the window of a shop displaying the message: Staff wanted., photo by BreizhAtao/Adobe Stock

    Assessing labour market and skills demand via horizon scanning and future scenarios

    31 May 2022

    A horizon scan of the UK labour market identified key drivers and emerging trends, and created scenarios of what the labour market could look like in the future. Researchers found that education and training systems need to teach broad concepts and foundation skills and that digital skills are critical to the future of most jobs.

  • A graduation cap sits on top of a construction helmet. Photo by BillionPhotos.com/AdobeStock

    Occupational safety and health: understanding decision making and the role of evidence

    23 May 2022

    Occupational accidents, illness, and fatalities are a major cause for concern in high- and low-income countries. Researchers are conducting a study to better understand how evidence is used, or not used, when taking decisions related to health and safety.

  • Young woman suffering from back pain in office. Photo by New Africa/AdobeStock

    Understanding the evidence on the impacts of COVID-19 on work-related musculoskeletal disorders

    17 May 2022

    Changes to working practices and environments due to the COVID-19 pandemic may have affected exposure to known work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WRMSD) risk factors. Researchers aim to understand this changing world of work, the effect on WRMSDs and post-pandemic considerations for WRMSDs.

  • Puzzle with flags of Netherlands and the UK, photo by luzitanija/Adobe Stock

    How the Dutch approached Brexit

    17 May 2022

    Britain's departure from the EU, or Brexit, has had a considerable impact for the Netherlands. Researchers are conducting an independent evaluation of the Dutch government's response to Brexit.

  • Marijuana leaf and stethoscope. Photo by amedeoemaja/AdobeStock

    New insights into the medical use of cannabis

    17 May 2022

    Researchers are examining the latest developments and available evidence concerning the medical use of cannabis and cannabinoids for the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

  • Magnifying glass over map of Europe, photo by amazing studio/Adobe Stock

    Truth Decay in Europe

    17 May 2022

    Using the framework of RAND's original 2018 Truth Decay study, which focused on the United States, researchers uncovered evidence for the trends, drivers and consequences of Truth Decay in Europe. As the phenomenon is less pervasive than in the US, however, they also suggest actions to slow its growth.

  • Multi-ethnic group of young people sitting in circle and sharing ideas during class in college, photo by Seventyfour/Adobe Stock

    Evaluation of the Alternative Provision Specialist Taskforce (APST)

    10 May 2022

    The Department for Education's two-year pilot APST aims to reduce serious youth violence and improve pupil outcome among students in alternative provision settings. Researchers are conducting a process evaluation of the project over the course of the pilot.

  • Finger pointing to artificial intelligence illustration, photo by Sikov/Adobe Stock

    Exploring ways to regulate and build trust in AI

    25 Apr 2022

    Researchers brought together evidence on the use of labelling initiatives, codes of conduct and other voluntary, self-regulatory mechanisms for the ethical and safe development of artificial intelligence systems.

  • British troops remembering the fallen in Afghanistan, photo by Corporal Andrew Morris (RAF)/Crown Copyright

    Understanding the lived experience of non-UK veterans

    15 Apr 2022

    To help the UK Office for Veterans’ Affairs develop policies that support former Service personnel who come from outside of the UK, researchers are interviewing members of the community to understand their needs and experiences.

  • An insurance professional reviewing the details of the contract with an elderly man

    The impact of predictive genetic tests on the insurance industry

    08 Apr 2022

    Researchers developed a framework for evaluating the potential effects of predictive genetic tests on the UK insurance industry. The framework provides a transparent approach for evaluating whether a specific condition for which a test is available could impact the insurance industry and understanding the key factors that influence this.

  • Warehouse employee sneezing while feeling ill, Photo by Chris Joubert, StratfordProductions/Adobe Stock

    The indirect economic and societal burden of seasonal influenza on the UK

    29 Mar 2022

    In 2019, absenteeism and presenteeism cost the UK economy almost £92 billion because of ill-health, but the economic burden specific to seasonal influenza is not well understood. Researchers are exploring the indirect economic and societal burden of seasonal influenza, including its effects on the UK healthcare system.

  • The socioeconomic impact of poor indoor climate on health and life satisfaction

    22 Mar 2022

    Poor indoor climate can result in a higher risk of health and wellbeing disorders, especially in children, the elderly and those with existing health conditions. Exposure of Europeans to damp, mould, and insufficient daylight in residential buildings could cost €53 billion over the next 30 years.

  • Hands with paper silhouette on table, photo by REDPIXEL/Adobe Stock

    Reviewing the evidence in key areas for the UK Department of Work and Pensions

    21 Mar 2022

    To inform policy and practice for DWP and other policymakers, researchers are conducting evidence reviews on effective contracting of employment and health services, digitalising welfare services, understanding state pension age systems, understanding household formation and preventing living-together fraud, and understanding the effectiveness of interventions to promote in-work progression.

  • Elementary school children reading a book, photo by Rawpixel.com/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the impact of peer-assisted learning strategies

    16 Mar 2022

    RAND Europe evaluated the impacts of peer-assisted learning strategies (PALS) in England. The evaluation sought to understand the impact of PALS on reading attainment but the assessment was hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Flower tributes for the victims of the March 22, 2017 terrorist attack at Westminster Bridge, Big Ben and British Parliament, photo by Pawel Pajor - photobboy/Adobe Stock

    The evidence on measures to prevent and mitigate terrorism attacks using vehicles

    08 Mar 2022

    Researchers identified legal, practical and technological challenges to preventing vehicular terrorism and offered an assessment of future threats and vulnerabilities.

  • Male patient In consultation with doctor in office, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Diagnosis, treatment and management of central diabetes insipidus

    07 Mar 2022

    RAND Europe was commissioned by Ferring Pharmaceuticals to look at care pathways for patients with CDI. The research focused on identifying the factors that influence the diagnosis, treatment and management of patients with CDI, as well as areas to consider that may improve the quality of care that patients receive, and patient outcomes.

  • Global communication network concept network dots surrounding planet earth with focus on America. Information exchange via satellites, illustration by Thomas/Adobe Stock

    Future uses of space out to 2050

    02 Mar 2022

    To support the UK's National Space Strategy and ensure that it is more ‘future proof’, researchers recommend the UK work more closely with allies, foster innovation, and more.

  • Young volunteers outdoors planting trees, photo by Pandora Studio/Adobe Stock

    Perspectives on factors most affecting quality of life in Greater Cambridge

    01 Mar 2022

    Results of a survey and interviews of community stakeholders in the Greater Cambridge area found the factors that most affect quality of life in the region include personal relationships, public transport, and a sense of community.

  • Thank you in many languages, photo by aaabbc/Adobe Stock

    The economic value to the UK of speaking other languages

    21 Feb 2022

    Languages play a significant role in international trade, and not sharing a common language acts as a non-tariff trade barrier. Investing in Arabic, French, Mandarin or Spanish languages education in the UK will most likely return more than the investment cost, even under conservative assumptions.

  • Telecommunication network above Europe viewed from space, photo by NicoElNino/Adobe Stock

    Realising the ambitions of the UK’s Defence Space Strategy

    17 Feb 2022

    Researchers examined the factors influencing the implementation of the Defence Space Strategy to 2030 as well as the unique attributes of the UK space enterprise—including its strengths and weaknesses. They include a decision support tool to help decision makers navigate capability management choices along the 'own-collaborate-access' framework articulated in the Defence and Security Industrial Strategy.

  • Blue coronavirus cells and DNA, illustration by matejmo/Getty Images

    Evaluating the progress and impacts of the COG-UK consortium

    15 Feb 2022

    An evaluation of the COVID-19 Genomics UK (COG-UK) consortium finds that it has made a significant and valuable contribution to the UK's public health genomics landscape, but its legacy will depend on decision makers' abilities to maintain momentum, ensure adequate governance, and other factors.