RAND Europe Research

Explore our current and recently completed research projects, or visit a research topic or method to learn more about a specific area of research.

Latest Research

  • An SAC working in the General Engineering Flight hanger at RAF Akrotiri, photo by SAC Jodie Ireland RAF/UK MOD Crown Copyright Open Government License

    Achieving global mobility for the UK Armed Forces

    14 Oct 2021

    Researchers propose a range of options that could help the UK MOD meet its global mobility requirements between now and 2040 while offering the mobility fleet both effectiveness and resilience.

  • Schoolchildren enjoying their lunch in a school cafeteria, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Provision of school meals across the EU

    01 Oct 2021

    One goal of the European Commission is to provide all children in the EU with adequate nutrition. Researchers examined the rationales underpinning school meal programmes across the EU, the barriers and facilitators of school meal programmes, and what the evidence says about the outcomes of school meal programmes.

  • School students discussing science with their teacher in class

    RCT evaluates the Maximising the Impact of Teaching Assistants programme

    29 Sep 2021

    In the first randomised controlled trial studying the efficacy of a whole-school intervention aimed at improving how schools deploy TAs in everyday classrooms, researchers found MITA had an effect on TA deployment, preparation, and interactions, and on pupil engagement. However, this did not translate into an impact on pupil attainment.

  • Business meeting between four upper management board members, photo by nakophotography/Adobe Stock

    Communicating research evidence to health and care governance boards

    28 Sep 2021

    A study of health and care board members in England found that boards engage with research evidence in various capacities when making decisions, but many expressed an appetite for improving the ways and extent to which research evidence is used at the board level.

  • Two U.S. Air Force F-35A Lightning II fighter aircraft, assigned to the 421st Fighter Squadron, Hill Air Force Base, Utah, right, fly in formation with two Finnish F-18 Hornets, left, while en route to Turku, Finland, June 13, 2019, photo by Airman 1st Class Jovante Johnson

    Enhancing U.S.-Finnish and regional defence cooperation

    24 Sep 2021

    An independent perspective on Finland's defence posture concludes that U.S.-Finnish defence cooperation can and should proceed at a slow yet steady pace, building on existing foundations and raising the level of ambition as political and resource constraints permit.

  • Handcuffs laying on top of fingerprint chart in file

    Comparing criminal history information systems in the United States and other nations

    24 Sep 2021

    There is considerable variation among the criminal-history information systems of Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States regarding how they approach the collection, management, and uses of criminal-history information through their national information systems.

  • Two men looking at a mobile phone, photo by Muhammad Faiz Zulkeflee/Unsplash

    Testimony addresses tech and the future of UK foreign policy

    21 Sep 2021

    Researchers presented written testimony to the UK House of Commons concerning how the FCDO could support the UK’s response to the opportunities and challenges presented by new and emerging technologies. This could be through new forms of diplomatic engagement and building globally shared understandings of standards, rules and norms for the responsible development and use of new technologies.

  • Pediatrician showing cartoon on tablet for his little patient, photo by Viacheslav Lakobchuk/Adobe Stock

    Homeless children and young people: A review of interventions supporting access to healthcare services

    13 Sep 2021

    Researchers examined the challenges that homeless children and family face in accessing healthcare, interventions aimed at supporting their access to healthcare, and facilitators of these interventions in this report aimed at policy makers.

  • Close up picture of people sitting in a circle, photo by zinkevych/Adobe Stock

    Helping local authorities to support members of the armed forces community

    01 Sep 2021

    The Armed Forces Covenant Fund Trust’s Strengthening Delivery Programme had a positive impact, and local authorities that received grants to implement and improve service delivery viewed the funding as essential to the gains achieved. Researchers will now evaluate the continuation programme.

  • 5G network with high speed motion blur, photo illustration by Tierney/Adobe Stock

    5G supply market trends

    23 Aug 2021

    An in-depth analysis of plausible developments of the 5G equipment and services supply market looking out to 2030 identified four potential trend scenarios and analysed economic, technological, environmental, and societal impacts for each.

  • Double exposure of microscope, science equipment glasses, photo by zapp2photo/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund

    23 Aug 2021

    RAND Europe, with the support of Frontier Economics, is leading a four-year independent evaluation of the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, building on evaluations of each of the ISCF Challenges to examine the impact of the ISCF as a whole.

  • RAF A400M Atlas transport aircraft carrying out a series of spectacular test landings and take offs on a beach, UK MOD photo by Andrew Linnett/Open Government Licence

    Strategic Airlift in Africa

    20 Aug 2021

    A narrated presentation describes the Strategic Airlift in Africa project undertaken for the Movement Coordination Centre Europe (MCCE), including the study objectives, complexity of lift challenges, impact of poor coordination, opportunities for improving coordination, and areas for further investigation.

  • Robotics engineering students in the lab, photo by NDABCREATIVITY/Adobe Stock

    Exploring the value of engineering and physical sciences doctorates

    11 Aug 2021

    To support the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council's review of their investment in doctoral education, researchers are exploring the skills required for doctoral graduates in the sector, and how students see doctoral education contributing to the development of these skills and to their career pathways.

  • Geirangerfjord in Norway, a Unesco World Heritage site, photo by MyWorld/Adobe Stock

    Tackling societal challenges and guiding the future of research and innovation in Norway

    09 Aug 2021

    Researchers identified 20 priority missions and 10 structural measures that could help the Research Council of Norway to develop a strong and resilient research and innovation environment in the strategic areas of oceans, green transition, health and welfare, cohesion and globalisation, and technology and digitalisation.

  • Military man launching drones in field, photo by Framestock/Adobe Stock

    Innovative technologies shaping the 2040 battlefield

    04 Aug 2021

    Technological change alone is unlikely to fundamentally alter the nature of the future battlefield but will continue to shape the character of warfare. The full effect of technological advances may only materialise in conjunction with enabling infrastructure or other technologies and, in Europe, may be shaped by EU-specific enablers and barriers.

  • Big data futuristic abstract visualization with map, illustration by monsitj/Adobe Stock

    Protecting human rights in the digital age

    04 Aug 2021

    Interventions to foster and strengthen safeguards for human rights in the digital age take place in a rapidly evolving technology, political and socio-cultural landscape. Several overarching principles could inform and guide organisations' capacity-building efforts.

  • Cloud-free view of Great Britain and Ireland, taken from Envisat on 28 March 2012, photo by European Space Agency/CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO

    Testimony addresses UK space defence

    30 Jul 2021

    Researchers presented written evidence to the UK House of Commons Defence Select Committee concerning the Government’s approach to developing and protecting the UK’s defence space capabilities, including interoperability with allies, improving the resilience of assets, aligning private sector investment, and ensuring high calibre staffing.

  • Double exposure of man holding a credit card, with data theme drawing, photo by peshkova/Adobe Stock

    Future scenarios of the Credit Information Market

    29 Jul 2021

    Researchers identified four plausible scenarios of how the credit information market might develop in five to ten years’ time, as well as five key drivers of change.

  • Little girl sitting on the floor reading a book

    Evaluating the Accelerated Reader Scheme

    28 Jul 2021

    An evaluation of Renaissance Learning's AR scheme explored whether the programme has a positive effect on the reading comprehension of randomly assigned pupils, particularly those who are eligible for free school meals.

  • Business people talking at group meeting, photo by Igor Mojzes/Adobe Stock

    Evaluating language skills outcomes in Group Triple P

    27 Jul 2021

    Triple P, the Positive Parenting Program, offers individual and group interventions in early years settings. Nursery staff and parents perceived a reduction in problem behaviours and a modest improvement in children’s language ability because of parent participation.

  • Sad woman with head in hands, photo by Photoboyko/Getty Images

    Combatting psychological violence against women across the EU

    23 Jul 2021

    Commissioned by the European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE), researchers are conducting a study to help strengthen the institutional capacity of the EU and member states to combat psychological violence against women and coercive control.

  • Rwandan troops arrive on a U.S. Air Force C-130 cargo plane at El Fasher airport in Darfur, as part of an African Union peacekeeping effort in western Sudan, October 30, 2004, photo by Finbarr O'Reilly/Reuters

    The challenges and opportunities of strategic airlift in Africa

    22 Jul 2021

    A complex mix of global and geographically specific challenges inhibit the coordination and optimisation for airlift into the African theatre. Researchers explored the potential use of other modes of transport to create multi-modal solutions.

  • Studio shot of a civilian and serviceman shaking hands,pPhoto by Harland Quarrington/Crown Copyright Open Government License

    Investigating the impact of the Armed Forces Covenant

    21 Jul 2021

    The third instalment of FiMT’s ‘Our Community Our Covenant’ reports, this project will provide new evidence in three key areas and also explore the impact COVID-19 may have had on the Armed Forces Community.

  • High speed train at the railway station at sunset, photo by den-belitsky/Adobe Stock

    Decarbonising UK transport

    15 Jul 2021

    A series of seven roadmaps for decarbonising domestic transport in the UK informed the UK Government’s 2021 Transport Decarbonisation Plan. These roadmaps address: cars and light goods vehicles; buses; coaches; heavy goods vehicles; rail; domestic shipping; and domestic aviation

  • Rear view of group seated in striped deckchairs at the seaside on a sunny summer day, photo by Ian/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the reasons for domestic tourism

    15 Jul 2021

    Domestic tourism benefits both the broader UK economy as well as businesses within a specific destination. To help understand the factors that influence people’s decisions to take domestic holidays, the Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport (DCMS) commissioned RAND Europe to examine the impact of publicly funded domestic tourism marketing.