Research for the EU and Other Brussels-Based Organisations

People are pictured outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, Belgium June 14, 2017.
  • Skull hologram on modern computer background, cybercrime and hacking concept, photo by Igor/Adobe Stock

    Technology and the future of cybercrime

    15 Dec 2020

    To prepare for and mitigate the impact of emerging technologies on cybercrime, Estonia could consider broad anti-cybercrime capacity building; seek legal, regulatory and organisational agility; and invest in technological expertise, skills and research.

  • Mother holding baby and working at her computer, photo by Burlingham/Adobe Stock

    Incentivising parents to return to the labour market after parental leave

    25 Nov 2020

    Employers in the EU have a wide range of options to incentivise parents of young children to return to work. Government policies addressing the unequal distribution of unpaid (care) work and reducing the gender pay gap would also help increase the employment of mothers.

  • Hand raised to stop violence, photo by artit/Adobe Stock

    What factors encourage witnesses of intimate partner violence to help?

    13 Nov 2020

    Numerous factors discourage witnesses of intimate partner violence to report to the police or other relevant authorities. Strengthening protection for witnesses and including the option to report anonymously may help encourage witnesses to help.

  • amsterdam, coffee shop, cannabis, maria, marijuana, bar, libero, libertà, canna, olanda, paesi bassi, orange, città, canale, luci rosse, quartiere, proibito, legge

    Evaluating the closed coffeeshop chain cannabis experiment in the Netherlands

    07 Jul 2020

    Researchers are examining the possible effects of a new experiment to cultivate and deliver quality-controlled cannabis through a closed supply chain for coffeeshops in the Netherlands.

  • Close-up of police body camera, photo by Lutsenko Oleksandr/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the impacts of digital government transformation in the EU

    26 Jun 2020

    A case study on the use of body worn cameras by police forces in the UK offers an example of how governments can potentially take advantage of emerging digital technologies to address systemic challenges.

  • Computer keyboard with VOTE keys

    The benefits and drawbacks of remote voting solutions

    25 Jun 2020

    RAND Europe and Open Evidence examined the extent to which remote voting solutions—particularly internet voting—are employed in the European member states. The research identified the costs, risks and challenges associated with seven remote voting options.

  • Equal pay for equal work and the gender pay gap

    06 Mar 2020

    The European Parliament is exploring legislation around pay-transparency measures. Such measures have a clear potential to address unjustified or discriminatory wage gaps, but certain disadvantages need to be considered in implementing them.

  • Engineer showing apprentice how to use drill in factory

    Building evidence on EU defence-related skills

    24 Feb 2020

    An examination of the shortages and mismatches in EU defence-related skills found that a focus on cross-cutting technical skills, domain-specific skills, skills relating to new and emerging technologies, and soft skills could help the industry address existing and future skills gaps.

  • Doctor holds out hands in front of tech screen with 'like' icon, photo by wladimir1804/Adobe Stock

    Assessing the use of new technologies for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    14 Jan 2020

    RAND Europe is providing research and support for the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) for the assessment of new technologies for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control over the next two years.

  • Abstract globe with blue lights and networks, photo by imaginima/Getty Images

    Measuring migration using big data

    12 Dec 2019

    Researchers from five organisations collaborated in an effort to use social media data to develop models for estimating real-time migration flows and stocks of migrants in the EU. They were successful in applying a groundbreaking migrant stock model, but the approach for estimating EU mobility flows remains a work in progress.

  • Doctor working with modern computer interface map, photo by maxsim/Adobe Stock

    Assessing digital technologies for infectious disease surveillance, prevention and control

    02 Dec 2019

    Research into up-and-coming technologies is intended help to improve situational awareness and inform the coordination of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)’s infection control in response to outbreak events.

  • Shoes and arrows pointing in different directions on asphalt floor, photo by Delphine Poggianti/Adobe Stock

    Scenarios help explore the future of education and youth in the EU

    25 Oct 2019

    Researchers developed a set of scenarios to explore the future of education and youth in the EU, and found that personalised learning policies could be helpful across all scenarios if funded sufficiently and targeted appropriately. Supporting and reinforcing the teaching profession is also key.

  • Medicine Bottles Behind Pills Spilling From Fallen Bottle

    Evaluating the European Medicines Agency Fee System

    07 Oct 2019

    The EMA fee system is generally efficient and effective, but it is not cost-based at a granular level and not always flexible, and over time it has become increasingly complex. Additionally the EMA relies on both industry fees and EU and EEA budget contributions to meet the costs of all its activities.

  • Silhouette of helicopter with soldiers conducting rescue operation

    Collaborative investment in military multirole helicopters can save money

    22 Jul 2019

    Researchers identified four areas of potential savings that could result from cooperation among European Defence Agency member states in developing, acquiring, operating, and supporting light-weight and medium-weight multirole helicopter programmes.

  • Innovation and communication-focused society concept, photo by Hurca!/Adobe Stock

    How technology may change services sectors

    26 Jun 2019

    Researchers explored how 'game-changing' tech like robotics, autonomous transport, blockchain, virtual and augmented reality, and wearable devices will impact the EU's services sectors, and their wider socio-economic implications.

  • Tablet pc with healthcare mobile apps, and medical objects on a desk

    Benchmarking deployment of eHealth among European GPs

    30 May 2019

    RAND Europe and partners measured the use of ICT and eHealth applications by primary care physicians in the EU 28 Member States and Norway, compared the results with a 2013 study, and analysed the main drivers of change and factors that can enhance or inhibit the role and use of technologies within health care.

  • Dutch Army Open house / Open door Landmachtdagen 2012 in Oirschot

    Opportunities for collaborative armoured vehicle investment

    23 Jan 2019

    The European Defence Agency noticed an opportunity to align their member states' armoured vehicle fleet procurement and development programmes and plans. Researchers identified five potential collaboration models that could offer financial, operational, and strategic benefits compared to purely national efforts.

  • Global technology, innovation, and growth concept drawing

    Econometric modelling support links research and innovation to jobs and growth

    21 Dec 2018

    RAND Europe researchers assessed research and innovation reforms in EU countries to improve the modelling of policy impacts within the European Commission's QUEST III macroeconomic model.

  • Armed soldier polices cyber space

    Updating the Study on the Development of a European Cyber Defence Centre

    21 Dec 2018

    An update to the study on an EU Cyber Defence Centre for Common Security & Defence Policy crisis management operations helped inform a number of work and policy initiatives and contributed to the launch of the cyber education, training, exercise and evaluation platform at the European Security and Defence College.

  • Graphic concept representing a security vulnerability search

    The economics of vulnerability disclosure

    19 Dec 2018

    Because economic incentives play a key role in whether users, vendors, finders and coordinators disclose hardware and software vulnerabilities once they have been discovered, governments should adopt a coordinated vulnerability disclosure policy.