In the face of climate change, communities are coming together to learn about resilience to slow moving disasters and implement adaptation strategies.
Featured Center: RAND Climate Resilience Center
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The RAND Climate Resilience Center, or CRC, addresses one of the most significant policy challenges of our time: changing how we plan, build, and organize our societal systems to become more resilient to the unavoidable impacts of climate change. This growing need is particularly relevant for water resources management, an area that includes freshwater supply, water quality assurance, flood risk management, and coastal planning. Water is a key area of concern when considering climate impacts, and one in which these impacts are already being felt from warming in recent decades.
RAND’s CRC conducts policy research and develops innovative tools to support decisionmakers at all levels of government as they confront challenges presented by climate change. RAND is uniquely suited to bring together cross-disciplinary research teams to identify emerging water and climate resilience challenges, apply innovative methods to tackle problems from multiple perspectives and address uncertainty that is often ignored, and recommend solutions that are effective and enduring.
Featured Project: Developing a Comprehensive Master Plan for the Louisiana Coast
RAND researchers have developed analytical tools and decision frameworks to help communities understand their risks due to climate change and develop and prioritize adaptation and mitigation actions. For example, RAND played an integral role in the formulation of Louisiana's 2012 Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast. To support this planning effort, RAND developed a model of coastal flood risk, and was also responsible for developing the overall planning framework and a decision support tool.
The Coastal Louisiana Risk Assessment (CLARA) analytical model was designed to estimate flood depths and damage that could occur due to major storms across a range of possible future scenarios. CLARA was used to estimate coastal flood depths and economic damage under different future scenarios with or without proposed risk reduction projects in place.
These estimates, along with those from other models of coastal processes were used by the RAND-developed Planning Tool, to compare risk reduction and restoration projects based on how well they might reduce flood damage or build coastal land. The Planning Tool then developed and compared different groupings of potential risk reduction and restoration projects.The Planning Tool provided real-time technical analysis that supported the development of the Master Plan through Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority (CPRA) and community-based deliberations.
Ho Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may not work if climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from earlier projections. Robust decisionmaking can help Vietnam's capital develop integrated flood risk management strategies despite this uncertainty.