RAND Europe Spotlight: 2019-2020

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Spotlight 2019-2020

In these volatile and uncertain times, evidence-based insights are more crucial than ever to inform complex decisions, ensure scarce resources are used most effectively, and maximise payback from investments.

Spotlight 2019–2020 highlights some examples of our work, including defining possible directions for education and youth policy in the EU, analysing strategies to improve social media literacy in the age of disinformation, mapping the European defence skills landscape, and quantifying the wider societal costs of disease.

References for Spotlight 2019-2020

Collective responsibility: How to raise more money for health and social care

  • British money surrounded by pills, tablets and capsules

    Exploring NHS and Social Care Funding Options

    Research on different health and social care funding models assessed the popularity of different funding approaches among the UK public. Previous research examined other countries' funding schemes and found there is no single, commonly preferred solution to achieving sustainable revenues.

Beyond Brexit: Understanding the effect of further economic uncertainty

  • Brexit strategy concept with pawns, photo by Pixelbliss/Adobe Stock

    Economic implications of prolonged Brexit uncertainty

    Despite an approved withdrawal agreement, the UK economy could falter by £16.2 billion within a decade of Brexit as a result of uncertainty about the final destiny of the UK-EU trade and economic relationship.

Staying ahead of defence challenges

  • Global Strategic Partnership helps to inform UK Defence

    The Global Strategic Partnership (GSP), a consortium that spans research, academia and industry and is led by RAND Europe, provides ongoing academic and analytical support to the UK Ministry of Defence’s Development, Concepts and Doctrine Centre.

  • Illustration of people playing a strategy game

    Gaming for Research

    RAND Europe's use of gaming techniques allows decision makers to consider complex problems in a simulated environment as a test bed for different policy options. Participants are able to think creatively about ways to tackle issues and gain perspective on the cross-sector consequences of decisions.

Understanding the impact of emerging technology

  • World map and technology concept, photo by ivanastar/Getty Images

    Case studies provide lessons in oversight of emerging S&T

    Ten case studies examine science and technology oversight around the world. Based on these studies, researchers compiled a list of lessons for policymakers and stakeholders interested in encouraging and enabling emerging technology.

  • Senior scientist observes new breed of cress sprouts optimized for consumption in greenhouse

    Using foresight to examine the global food system

    Based on a series of foresight exercises for the UK Food Standards Agency (FSA), researchers developed a global food systems map, a map of systemic interdependencies, and a framework for future action to help the FSA achieve its goals.

  • Innovation and communication-focused society concept, photo by Hurca!/Adobe Stock

    How technology may change services sectors

    Researchers explored how 'game-changing' tech like robotics, autonomous transport, blockchain, virtual and augmented reality, and wearable devices will impact the EU's services sectors, and their wider socio-economic implications.

Humans vs algorithms in the disinformation arena

Bump it up: Why more pregnancy research is needed

  • Pregnant woman visiting doctor for checkup, photo by Halfpoint/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the UK's pregnancy research needs and priorities

    A review of the research needs and expenditure on pregnancy in the UK found that £51 million is invested in pregnancy research each year. By contrast, the NHS spends £5.8 billion on pregnancy-related care each year and in 2018/19 litigation claims totalled £2.5 billion.

Sharing practices that help families

Keeping London moving

  • Traffic on the streets of London

    Developing a New Transport Demand Model for the London Area

    With rising populations in London leading to higher demand on road and transport networks, Transport for London asked researchers to develop a new strategic travel model for London, which will be used to develop strategic land use and transport policy scenarios to assist with future investment in London’s transport systems.

Homing in on damp dwellings

  • Mother waking child in morning, photo by Evgeny Atamanenko/Adobe Stock

    Indoor environment can impact child health

    In the EU, 26 million children under age 15 are exposed to household damp, noise, darkness and cold, which is associated with poorer health outcomes. Eliminating children’s exposure to household damp and mould could save $62 billion over the next 40 years.

New directions: The future of EU education & youth policies

  • Shoes and arrows pointing in different directions on asphalt floor, photo by Delphine Poggianti/Adobe Stock

    Scenarios help explore the future of education and youth in the EU

    Researchers developed a set of scenarios to explore the future of education and youth in the EU, and found that personalised learning policies could be helpful across all scenarios if funded sufficiently and targeted appropriately. Supporting and reinforcing the teaching profession is also key.

Looking deeper: Exploring the societal impact of disease

  • Women wearing pink for breast cancer and putting their hands together

    Societal impacts of treating breast cancer early

    Treating breast cancer early does not prevent its recurrence, but doing so can have implications for future research, policy, and practice. Researchers explored the evidence base on the broader health, societal and economic impacts from early breast cancer treatment and the wider costs to society of the progression of breast cancer.

  • Orange ribbon raising awareness of leukemia, kidney cancer, multiple sclerosis, photo by Chinnapong/Adobe Stock

    Understanding the societal burden of disease progression in multiple sclerosis

    MS is associated with high economic costs to society that go beyond the costs to the healthcare system, but researchers found limited evidence on the impact of disease progression on patients, carers, and society as a whole.

Move it! How increasing physical activity can boost global productivity

Research assessment 2028

  • Man arranging wooden blocks with hand-drawn yellow lightbulbs, photo by Gaj Rudolf/Adobe Stock

    What is the future of UK research and assessment?

    Although technology, policy, and the international environment are changing the UK research landscape, and many researchers expect to produce more diverse forms of outputs in the future, they also think journal articles and conference contributions will remain the dominant form of output.

Tackling defence sector skills gaps

  • Engineer showing apprentice how to use drill in factory

    Building evidence on EU defence-related skills

    An examination of the shortages and mismatches in EU defence-related skills found that a focus on cross-cutting technical skills, domain-specific skills, skills relating to new and emerging technologies, and soft skills could help the industry address existing and future skills gaps.

Whole-system innovation for improved healthcare

  • A doctor with lightbulb in hand, symbolizing an innovative idea, photo by natali_mis/Adobe Stock

    Innovation for improved NHS healthcare

    The UK's NHS is under pressure to meet the growing and changing demand for services with limited resources. Innovations may provide opportunities to respond creatively and effectively to growing health demands.