The personalities of U.S. military services are alive and well. Their unique cultures impact how they compete for resources, authorities, access, and influence. And their competition on the bureaucratic battlefield changes as the environment changes. How might the services react to a sudden change in resource levels or region of focus?
National Security Research Division
Blog Posts and Media Coverage
Countering China's Efforts to Isolate Taiwan Diplomatically in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Role of Development Assistance and Disaster Relief 2019
The Republic of China (Taiwan) provides development assistance and disaster relief programs in Latin America and the Caribbean. The island faces a growing challenge as the number of countries that extend it formal diplomatic recognition continues to shrink as a result of China's influence. This report considers how Taiwan can optimize its help to this region to maximize the prospects of retaining diplomatic recognition from recipient countries.
Testimony presented before the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Military Personnel on March 12, 2019.
Anyone interested in joining the military must undergo a medical exam. If the standard in place at the time of that exam is tightened or loosened under Department of Defense or service policy, does a service member's chance of being medically discharged change? If so, how does the probability of medical discharge alter postservice costs to the department? This report answers those questions.
Movement and Maneuver: Culture and the Competition for Influence Among the U.S. Military Services 2019
This report analyzes the cultural characteristics and competitive strategies and tactics exhibited by the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Based on this analysis, the authors assess how each of the services and USSOCOM might adapt and respond if facing major policy shifts in the future, focusing specifically on contingencies in the Asia-Pacific.
Decisions to authorize military force can have profound implications for a nation. Scenario analysis is useful, but how can nonmilitary factors be included in defense planning? The authors distinguish between political-strategic and military decisions, explain why scenario analysis to support political-strategic decisions is dubious, and note findings about crisis and war variables that can be incorporated into science-based structured scenarios.
Assessing Retention and Special and Incentive Pays for Army and Navy Commissioned Officers in the Special Operations Forces 2019
U.S. Special Operations Forces (SOF) have been deployed intensively in recent years, and this is expected to continue. SOF membership is highly selective, and members receive lengthy and costly training, making retention of those who qualify a high priority. This report focuses on the effectiveness of monetary incentives for SOF commissioned officer retention and the development of a models to assess how such incentives affect retention.