America is entering a period of intensifying strategic competition with Russia and China. U.S. officials expect this to play out below the threshold of armed conflict, in the gray zone between peace and war. What policy options does the United States have to respond to gray zone threats?
National Security Research Division
Blog Posts and Media Coverage
The Use of Technology to Augment Clinical Care in Depression and Anxiety Disorders: An Evidence Map 2019
This evidence map provides an overview of the existing research evaluating technology in depression and anxiety care and documents upcoming research to evaluate the role of technology to support clinical care. It documents the volume, nature, and characteristics of research in this field and should be of interest to health policymakers and practitioners who oversee or implement treatment for those conditions.
This research brief addresses congressional concerns about the use of data analysis, measurement, and other evaluation-related methods in U.S. Department of Defense acquisition programs and decisionmaking.
Assessing Department of Defense Use of Data Analytics and Enabling Data Management to Improve Acquisition Outcomes 2019
Congress asked six questions about the extent of, and opportunities to improve, data collection and analytic capabilities in the U.S. Department of Defense to inform acquisition decisions. This report identifies and measures extensive capabilities and recent progress in following commercial best practices. However, barriers to improvement include a culture against data sharing because of concerns about security and oversight burden.
To move military cargo, the U.S. military uses the strategic sealift fleet, which must be maintained to a certain level of readiness. The authors addressed six questions that examine the readiness of the fleet and its management. They determined that many factors — including organizational management, requirements determination, and material and personnel readiness — can be improved to increase readiness and make recommendations toward that end.
With the end of its territorial caliphate, the Islamic State will almost certainly attempt a comeback. Such efforts will require money. This report details the group's history, drawing from the literature, documents, and interviews with people who lived under the caliphate, with a focus on the group's revenue-raising activities and expenses, both as a self-styled caliphate and as an insurgency.
China has been wielding increased influence and soft power in both the Freely Associated States of the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau, as well as the broader region of Oceania. The authors of this report examine the implications of these activities for the United States, particularly in terms of its defense and foreign policy interests.