The National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)

Topic Summary

The NCRI is an umbrella organization of Iranian dissident groups that shared a common opposition to the Ayatollah Khomeini and the Islamic Republic of Iran. It was founded in Paris in 1981 by Masoud Rajavi, the leader of the MeK/PMOI/MKO, and Abol-Hassan Banisadr. Since 1983, it has been exclusively controlled by the MeK... The NCRI's United States operation has also been listed as a foreign terrorist organization.

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U.S. Handling of Mujahedin-E-Khalq Since U.S. Invasion of Iraq Is Examined — Aug. 4, 2009

Iraqi and MeK flags

During the Iraq war, Coalition forces first classified the MeK, an Iranian militant group advocating the overthrow of their government, as enemy combatants operating in Iraq. Following a ceasefire agreement, the U.S. controversially switched their status to civilian. This decision and what should now be done with MeK members is reviewed.