European societies expect science, technology and innovation to promote economic growth and improved wellbeing. Research alone is insufficient. Its translation into discoveries of new processes, services and products is vital. And evaluation of the impact of scientific and social sciences research can lead to better funding decisions.
The factors that lead to innovation are complex and evolve. We use evidence to untangle complexity, recognise connections, and open channels for new thought. Our research aims to maximise the gains that science, technology and innovation can bring to society and the economy.
To inform the development of the guidance and criteria for the preparation of impact case studies in Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2021, we examined the case studies submitted to REF 2014 and identified quantitative indicators of impact. We then developed guidance for how these indicators could be standardised for potential use in REF 2021.
The spread of social media in Africa has brought many economic and political benefits, while also equipping terrorist groups with a tool for recruitment and propaganda. Researchers examined the links between social media use and online radicalisation in six African countries, drawing on primary Twitter data analysis.
International travel can help researchers work better together, but it has its challenges. RAND Europe surveyed researchers to gain a better understanding of their experiences of travelling for work and how that varies internationally.
Ammonia emissions in the UK have been rising since 2013, largely due to agricultural waste and fertiliser runoff. By 2020 the impacts on biodiversity, ecosystems, and human health may total over £700 million per year.
RAND Europe and the University of Cambridge tested whether the Q Improvement Lab approach could become an effective, valuable way of developing ideas or interventions to support positive change at multiple levels of the health and care system.
RAND Europe is conducting a four-year, independent evaluation of the second phase of the Q Initiative to help guide the learning of the Q project team and wider stakeholders as they continue their implementation of Q across the UK. The research will support strategic decision-making and inform the ongoing design and management of Q and also assess the initiative's impact.
Citizen science-based idea management platforms offer a digital social space to generate, discuss, refine and evaluate ideas. Additionally, a variety of methods exist for exploring expert consensus, many of which are Delphi-based. Researchers provide a practical overview of online approaches to opinion gathering.
Researchers are developing recommendations for the College of Policing and the Education Endowment Foundation on how to assess evidence from research studies and make evidence-informed recommendations for practitioners and policymakers.
Stakeholders and 'customers' say the Eastern Academic Health Science Network's TSU—which helps implement innovative solutions to challenges faced by health and care providers—has supported them with their pilots and network building. An evaluation provides recommendations for further improvements.